Armenia, a mountainous country in the Southern Caucasus region, is a haven for bird lovers. The varied topography and diverse habitats of Armenia, ranging from rocky ravines to lush forests and high-altitude plateaus, create ideal conditions for a wide range of bird species.
Situated on the migration routes for tens of thousands of birds each year, Armenia offers ample opportunities to observe some of the world’s most stunning bird species throughout the year.
From endangered raptors and storks to colorful songbirds and waterfowl, Armenia’s bird kingdom never ceases to amaze both amateur and professional bird watchers.
In this article, we will explore some of the remarkable birds found in Armenia and delve into their natural habitats, migration patterns, and conservation efforts.
Sandgrouse is birds of the order Pterocliformes, found mainly in Africa and Asia. There are sixteen species belonging to two genera - Syrrhaptes from central Asia and Pterocles from Africa and other Asian countries.
They inhabit treeless areas such as deserts, steppes, scrubland, or savannas and tend to be ground-dwelling birds that feed on seeds.
Sandgrouse has adapted special features for survival in their harsh environment.
They possess well-developed feet with four toes used for walking over hot sand while keeping their body temperature cool at all times by regulating heat loss through their legs.
Their feathers also act like a sponge helping them absorb water before flying long distances back home where they then expel it using specialized glandular secretions located near the wings so that chicks can drink directly from an adult's breast plumage.Scientific classification:
|Order||Pterocliformes Huxley, 1868|
|Family||Pteroclidae Bonaparte, 1831|
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Plovers are a family of around 64-68 species of ground-dwelling birds, commonly found in open country such as fields, meadows and tundras.
They have short bills with webbed feet to help them forage through mud or shallow water.
Plover plumage is usually mottled brown though some species may have brighter colors on the head and wings.
These birds feed mainly on insects but can also eat small crustaceans and worms.
Plovers breed during springtime when they dig holes in sandy or pebbled beaches to lay their eggs which hatch after about 3 weeks incubation period.
They use distraction display behaviour by pretending an injury to the predators away from their nests if needed for protecting their young ones.Scientific classification:
|Family||Charadriidae Leach, 1820|
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3. Stilts and avocets
Stilts and avocets are two distinct groups of birds belonging to the family Recurvirostridae. They range in length from 30-46 cm (12-18 inches) and weigh between 140 - 435 g (4.9 - 15.3 ounces).
Males usually have slightly larger bodies than females, with long thin legs, necks and bills.
Avocet bills curve upwards uniquely while stilt beaks remain straight most times.
These wading birds live mainly near shorelines or wetlands where they feed on aquatic invertebrates like brine shrimp, insects etc., occasionally supplementing their diet with seeds or small fish too.
Stilts also inhabit open fields in search of food sources such as earthworms or grasshoppers during the non-breeding season.
Both groups migrate over large distances for warmer weathers when it gets cold outside.Scientific classification:
|Family||Recurvirostridae Bonaparte, 1854|
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Glareolidae is a family of wading birds, consisting of four genera and 17 species. They are distinguished from other charadrii by their long bills which have a slight downward curve.
Glareolidae live around open grasslands and deserts, where they hunt for insects using the bill to probe into soil or vegetation.
Most species are found in Africa but two pratincoles inhabit parts of Europe and Asia as well.
Coursers tend to be larger than pratincoles with longer legs allowing them to run quickly across sandy dunes while feeding on small animals like lizards or spiders.
Pratincoles feed mainly on flying insects, snatching them out of midair with great agility during flight.
All glareolids share unique features such as large eyes that help it spot prey at night easily making this group one interesting bird family.Scientific classification:
|Family||Glareolidae CL Brehm, 1831|
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Bustards are large, terrestrial birds that inhabit dry grassland areas and the steppes of the Old World. They range from 40-150 cm in length and belong to the family Otididae.
Bustards have an omnivorous diet consisting of leaves, buds, seeds, fruit as well as small vertebrates and invertebrates.
These birds usually live a solitary life but can be seen gathering around water sources or food during certain times of year such as mating season.
Due to their large size they are vulnerable to predation by foxes or other animals which is why they tend to remain alert at all times.
When in open spaces while relying on camouflage for protection against predators when out in tall vegetation coverings.Scientific classification:
|Order||Otidiformes Wagler, 1830|
|Family||Otididae Rafinesque, 1815|
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Bulbuls are a medium-sized passerine songbird family native to Africa, the Middle East and tropical Asia up until Japan. They can also be found on some of the Indian Ocean islands.
There are 160 species within 32 genera in this family which includes greenbuls, brownbuls, leafloves and bristlebills.
Bulbul birds have been known for their beautiful singing voices as well as for being very active during mating season when they gather together to create large flocks where potential mates can show off their skills.
The coloration of bulbuls range from dull greys or browns to vibrant yellows with black markings around the head region making them quite attractive creatures indeed.Scientific classification:
|Family||Pycnonotidae Gray, GR, 1840|
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Shorebirds, a diverse group of birds in the Charadriiformes order, are found near water on every continent except Antarctica.
These small to medium-sized birds feed mainly on invertebrates and other small animals but can also be pelagic seabirds or inhabit deserts.
Shorebirds use their long bills to probe mudflats for food like worms and mollusks while some species plunge into the ocean’s depths in search of crustaceans such as crabs and shrimp.
They have strong legs equipped with webbed feet which allow them to move quickly when searching for prey across wetlands, sandbars, beaches and swamps.
Their feathers make them well adapted to life by land or sea due to its hydrophobic nature which helps reduce drag during swimming or flying through windy conditions making it easier for shorebirds survive tough environments around the world.Scientific classification:
|Order||Charadriiformes Huxley, 1867|
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Stone-curlews, also known as dikkops or thick-knees, are a family of birds that have adapted to live in tropical and temperate regions throughout the world.
They can be found in Africa, Asia and Australia with two or more species per region. Despite being classified as waders, most prefer dry arid habitats over moist wetlands.
Stone-curlews typically have long legs which help them navigate through their preferred terrain efficiently; some species even stand at an impressive height when standing on those long legs.
Additionally they feature cryptic plumage which helps them blend into their surroundings while hunting for prey such as insects and small mammals like rodents.
These unique bird's calls are easily recognizable; it has been said that hearing one is similar to listening to someone whistling 'Keee Weee'.Scientific classification:
|Family||Burhinidae Mathews, 1912|
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Bee-eaters are one of the most beautiful and vibrant birds in existence. They have a slender body, long wings, down turned bills and their signature elongated central tail feathers which make them instantly recognizable from afar.
Their plumage is incredibly colorful with many shades ranging from blues to greens to reds that glisten when they fly through the air.
These stunning creatures can be found all over Africa, Asia, Southern Europe, Australia and New Guinea where they feed mainly on bees but also other insects like flies or wasps as well as small mammals such as lizards or rodents.
Bee-eaters live in colonies near rivers or wetlands so that they may easily hunt for food while staying close together for safety purposes.
Additionally it allows them to better display their impressive courtship dances during mating season.Scientific classification:
|Family||Meropidae Rafinesque, 1815|
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10. Black francolin
Black francolin is a species of gamebird belonging to the pheasant family. It was once known as black partridge and is now declared as state bird of Haryana, India.
The adult males are generally about 33-36 cm in length with an average weight of 453 gm.
They have glossy black plumage with white spotting on their wings and body parts along with barring patterns on tail feathers which makes them look attractive.
Their call sounds like 'kattar kattar' continuously repeated at regular intervals throughout the day during breeding season from April - June when they become highly vocal for mating purpose.
These birds can be found in open grasslands, scrub forests or agricultural fields where plenty of food (mainly insects) is available for survival & reproduction purposes making it one of the most common avifauna across its range countries such as Pakistan, Afghanistan & Nepal etc..Scientific classification:
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Shrikes are small passerine birds of the family Laniidae, with 34 species in four genera. They get their name from Old English word "scrīc", which refers to their shriek-like call.
These birds have earned the nickname 'butcherbirds' due to their feeding habits; they impale prey on thorns or barbed wire fences for later consumption.
Shrikes also tend to be aggressive predators and hunt a wide range of animals such as insects, small reptiles, rodents and even other smaller bird species.
In terms of physical appearance, these songbirds can vary greatly depending on the specific genus but usually boast a large hooked bill atop an impressive crest along with bright colors like gray, black or brownish hues across its feathers.
It's clear shrike is quite remarkable creature that has gained notoriety for both hunting prowess and distinctive vocalizations.Scientific classification:
|Family||Laniidae Rafinesque, 1815|
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12. Old World orioles
Old World orioles are a family of passerine birds found in the Old World. It comprises four genera: piopios, figbirds, pitohuis and the original genus Oriolus.
The African black-headed species have sometimes been removed from this latter group due to their distinct characteristics as well as other proposed splits for Oriolus.
These colorful birds can be identified by their bright yellow or orange plumage that often features darker markings on wings and head areas, although some species may also display a blue hue or stripes across the body feathers.
They typically feed on insects such as caterpillars and grasshoppers but will supplement with small fruits when available too - making them beneficial additions to gardens.Scientific classification:
|Family||Oriolidae Vigors, 1825|
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13. Eurasian reed warbler
The Eurasian reed warbler (Acrocephalus scirpaceus) is a species of Old World Warbler native to the temperate parts of Europe and Asia.
It breeds in wetlands such as marshes, ponds and rivers with dense vegetation like reeds or tall grasses.
During its wintering season, it migrates southward to sub-Saharan Africa where there are milder conditions.
This small bird has streaked brown plumage on the upperparts and white underparts which makes it difficult for predators to spot among the foliage.
Its diet consists mainly of insects including aphids, caterpillars larvae and moths caught while flying over water or by gleaning from plants growing near water bodies.
The male sings an attractive song consisting of several phrases repeated one after another as part of their courtship display during breeding season in order attract females for mating purposes.Scientific classification:
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14. Gull-billed tern
The Gull-billed Tern is a species of seabird from the Laridae family. It has an extensive range, breeding in parts of Europe, Asia, Northwest Africa and North America.
It was formally described by Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1789 as Sterna nilotica before being reclassified to Gelochelidon nilotica.
The Australian subspecies was previously considered separate but now included with this species.
They are quite small birds measuring around 24 cm long with greyish brown upperparts throughout their body and white underneaths along with black legs and feet.
Their head also features a distinctive yellow bill which they use to hunt for fish on rivers or coasts near shallow waters where they tend to nest during summer months on ground level instead of trees like other terns do usually.Scientific classification:
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15. Eurasian spoonbill
The Eurasian spoonbill is a unique and remarkable wading bird, belonging to the ibis and spoonbill family. It has an unmistakable bill which is broad in shape, giving it its Latin name Platalea "broad".
Its scientific name 'leucorodia' comes from Ancient Greek meaning literally ‘white heron’ due to its predominantly white plumage.
In England this beautiful bird was traditionally known as the ‘shoveler’ because of its distinctive beak.
This rare species can often be found near wetlands or coastal areas where they feed on fish, crustaceans, insects and aquatic invertebrates.
The Eurasian Spoonbill is truly an incredible creature that deserves our protection.Scientific classification:
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16. Bearded reedling
The Bearded Reedling is a small passerine bird found in reed-beds across Europe, Asia and North Africa.
It is easily identified by its distinct black and white plumage with males having yellow faces.
This species belongs to the only family of birds known as Panuridae and was first described by Carl Linnaeus back in 1758.
They feed on insects such as beetles, flies, moths among others but also consume seeds from plants like sedges or rushes during winter months when food availability decreases significantly.
These birds are territorial meaning that they have their own area where they live which can vary from 8 to 12 hectares depending on the seasonality of insect abundance within these areas making them an important part for maintaining healthy ecosystems in wetlands around their range.Scientific classification:
|Family||Panuridae Des Murs, 1860|
|Genus||Panurus Koch, 1816|
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17. Little bustard
The Little Bustard (Tetrax tetrax) is a bird belonging to the bustard family. It can be found in Southern Europe and Western/Central Asia, with some populations migrating south during wintertime.
This species has an ancient Greek genus name meaning 'gamebird', which was mentioned by Aristophanes and other authors of antiquity.
Physically, this bird features mottled feathers that range from greyish-brown on its upperparts to light sandy colors underneath.
Moreover, it also showcases black stripes above each eye as well as dark barring on its wings and tailfeathers.
The little bustard typically feeds off insects while walking or running through open plains but will occasionally nest near cultivated fields too.
All things considered, we should definitely appreciate these birds for their beauty and resilience.Scientific classification:
|Genus||Tetrax T. Forster, 1817|
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18. Black-necked grebe
The Black-necked Grebe is a beautiful water bird belonging to the grebe family. It has an ochre coloured plumage with distinctive features which include extending behind its eyes and over its ear coverts.
The upper parts of this species are black, while their underparts and neck are white in colour.
During breeding season, males develop a dark grey crown on top of their head along with bright yellow facial stripes that run from the beak down to it's chest area.
These birds feed mainly by diving underwater for insects, crustaceans, larvae, molluscs as well as small fish that they find in shallow waters or wetlands near freshwater lakes or streams.
They can often be spotted swimming alone but during winter months gather together creating large flocks due to mating activity taking place at these times.Scientific classification:
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19. Cinereous vulture
The cinereous vulture, also known as the black vulture, monk vulture and Eurasian black vuture is a large raptor found in temperate Eurasia. It has an impressive wingspan of 3.1 metres (10 feet) with a body length of 1.2 metres (3 ft 11in).
They are the largest Old World Vultures and can reach weights up to 14 kilograms(31 lbs).
Their diet consists mainly of carrion but they have been recorded taking live prey such as rodents or hares which allows them to search for food over wide areas quickly.
These birds usually hunt alone during daylight hours due their eyesight being well adapted at picking out carcasses from far away distances while soaring high in the sky above open grasslands or wooded hillsides where they breed seasonally between late winter and early autumn typically laying one egg per pair each year.Scientific classification:
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20. Middle spotted woodpecker
The Middle Spotted Woodpecker is a species of woodpecker native to Europe. It was formally described by the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus in 1758 and given the binomial name Picus medius, with "medius" meaning intermediate - referring to its size compared to other woodpeckers.
They have black-and-white plumage with a distinctive red patch on their crowns, and are usually found around woodland areas where they feed on insects such as ants and beetles.
The males make loud drumming noises during mating season which can be heard for up to 500 meters away.
These birds generally live in tree cavities but will also nest inside old walls or buildings if available.
Conservation efforts are underway across Europe due to decreasing populations caused by habitat loss and fragmentation from human activity, making it an important species worth protecting.Scientific classification:
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21. Syrian woodpecker
The Syrian woodpecker is a species of the Picidae family, first described in 1833 by Wilhelm Hemprich and Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg.
It resides throughout southeastern Europe to Iran and has recently expanded its range into northwest Europe.
This bird usually breeds in woodland areas with plenty of dead trees for it to feed on insects inhabiting them.
Its most distinguishing features include an olive-green back and black wings; white feathers line the sides while red covers its head crown down to its nape.
They are characterized as being highly vocal birds, often making loud tapping noises when searching for food under tree bark or branches.
The Syrian Woodpecker is a delightful addition to any avian landscape.Scientific classification:
22. Little crake
The Little Crake (Zapornia parva) is one of the smallest waterbirds in the family Rallidae. It breeds mainly in reed beds found throughout Europe and western Asia, migrating to Africa for winter months.
Measuring 17-19 cm long, these birds are slightly smaller than their close relative - the Spotted Crake - which can be identified by its lack of spots on its back.
With brown plumage, black eyes and a bill that curves downwards at tips; they also have yellow legs and feet as well as white underparts with some barring towards their underside.
They feed mainly on small invertebrates and insects while nesting near lakes or pools among dense vegetation such as sedges and bulrushes where they lay 4–7 eggs between May to July each year.Scientific classification:
23. Eurasian penduline tit
The Eurasian penduline tit is a passerine bird of the genus Remiz which can be found widely across the western Palearctic.
It migrates to more northern parts in summer, while staying resident in its southern range during winter months.
This species experienced an expansion of its breeding grounds throughout Western Europe between 1980s and 1990s, thus increasing its population significantly.
The Penduline Tit has various striking features like bright yellow underparts with black streaks on sides.
Greyish-brown upper part with white underside and pale eye line along head sides as well as distinctive tail nest made from fibers and mosses hanging from trees or shrubs like a pendulum hence their name 'Penduline'.
These birds feed mainly on insects but also eat some seeds especially sunflower seeds making them popular garden visitors for many people.Scientific classification:
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Skuas are a group of predatory seabirds with seven species, all belonging to the genus Stercorarius.
They are also known as "Jaegers" in North America and their name originates from the Faroese word for Great Skua - skúgvur.
These birds typically inhabit coastal areas or open oceans where they feed on fish, krill and other marine creatures.
Skuas can be distinguished by their pointed wings which help them fly long distances while hunting food.
Their distinctive colouration varies depending on age and habitat but generally includes greyish brown upperparts and white underparts with black streaks along its belly area.
The overall size ranges from 24-40 cm making these one of the larger sea bird species.Scientific classification:
|Family||Stercorariidae Gray, 1871|
|Genus||Stercorarius Brisson, 1760|
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25. Sylviid warblers
The Sylviid warblers are a family of passerine birds found in Eurasia and Africa. They include the typical warblers as well as babblers that were formerly part of the Old World babbler family.
These birds have slender bodies, pointed wings, long tails and strong legs adapted for ground-dwelling habits like running or hopping along branches.
The male often has bright colors while females are usually duller in coloration with more muted plumage patterns than males.
Some species also show sexual dimorphism where one sex may be larger or smaller than its counterpart; for instance some species may have longer tail feathers on the female side compared to their male counterparts.
Many members of this group feed on insects but some specialize on seeds, fruits, nectar or even frogs.Scientific classification:
|Family||Sylviidae Leach, 1820|
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26. Long-tailed tits
Long-tailed tits are a small passerine bird family with long tails compared to their size. They have 13 species in 3 genera, and they mostly live in Eurasia.
These birds love to stay active by foraging for insects among shrubs and trees throughout the day.
During non-breeding season, these birds can be found living together in large flocks of up to 50 individuals.
These playful little creatures make wonderful companions due to their social nature and cheerful personalities.
Their bright plumage also adds a beautiful splash of colour wherever they go.Scientific classification:
|Family||Aegithalidae Reichenbach, 1850|
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Treecreepers are small passerine birds found in wooded areas of the Northern Hemisphere and sub-Saharan Africa.
They have dull colored plumage, long curved bills, stiff tails and strong feet that help them to climb up tree trunks while searching for food such as insects and spiders.
The two genera Certhia and Salpornis include eleven species which can be identified by their distinct call - a high pitched 'tsee-tsit'.
Treecreepers build cup shaped nests on trees usually near the base or middle trunk using mosses, lichens, grasses with leaves inside them to provide insulation from cold temperatures.
These birds also use bark crevices during winter months when they shelter in groups together against extreme weather conditions.Scientific classification:
|Family||Certhiidae Leach, 1820|
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28. Blue-cheeked bee-eater
The Blue-cheeked Bee-eater (Merops persicus) is a stunningly beautiful bird belonging to the Meropidae family. It has an unmistakeable blue coloring on its cheeks and neck, which stands out against its yellow body plumage.
This species of bee-eater can be found in Northern Africa, Middle East countries from Turkey eastwards till Kazakhstan, and India as well.
During winter they migrate south to tropical regions of Africa while some populations remain put for breeding purposes year round.
They are adept at catching insects midair with their long curved bills which makes them excellent predators in open grasslands or savannas where bees and other insects thrive abundantly.
So if you ever happen across these vibrant beauties make sure to take a moment pause and appreciate nature's wonders.Scientific classification:
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Motacillidae is a family of small passerine birds consisting of around 70 species. They are found across Europe, Africa, Asia and even Alaska with two migratory breeding species.
The three genera they belong to include wagtails which typically have medium to long tails; longclaws that can only be spotted in the Afrotropics; and pipits which possess the most cosmopolitan distribution worldwide.
These birds feed on insects as well as seeds for their diets and are usually seen in open habitats such grasslands or wetlands where food sources like invertebrates can easily be accessed.
Most Motacillidae species also use mud nests during breeding season making them easy targets for predators so it's important we protect these beautiful creatures.Scientific classification:
|Family||Motacillidae Horsfield, 1821|
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30. Penduline tits
Penduline tits are small passerines with a length ranging from 7.5 to 11 cm, resembling true tits (Paridae). They have delicate bills with needle-like points and their wings appear short and rounded.
These birds build elaborate bag nests that hang from trees over water, giving them the name of “penduline” - meaning hanging. As for diet, they mainly feed on insects and spiders but may also consume some seeds too.
Depending on the species, penduline tits can be found in sub-Saharan Africa or across Eurasia into China and Central Asia as well as parts of North America such as California's Sierra Nevada range halfway up Mexico's western coast.Scientific classification:
|Family||Remizidae Olphe-Galliard, 1891|
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Locustellidae is a family of small insectivorous songbirds, commonly known as warblers. They are found mainly in Eurasia, Africa and the Australian region.
These birds typically have plain coloring on their wings and tail but with brightly colored patches on their face or neck.
Their diet consists mostly of insects and other invertebrates which they capture while foraging among grasses or bushes.
Locustellidae species also possess a distinctive vocalization that can be heard at dawn or dusk; it has been described as an intermittent trill lasting several seconds to minutes in length without any pauses between notes.
As active little birds, they make excellent additions to gardens providing hours of delight with their singing abilities.Scientific classification:
|Family||Locustellidae Bonaparte, 1854|
32. Dalmatian pelican
The Dalmatian pelican is an impressive bird, the largest of its family and one of the largest freshwater birds in the world.
Its wingspan rivals even those of albatrosses and it flies gracefully with other members in synchrony.
It has a wide range across Central Eurasia stretching from Mediterranean to India and Southeast Asia, as well as parts of Russia.
This large species has white feathers which are generally lightly tinged with grey or yellow around their head; they have long beaks that can reach up to 40cm in length.
Their unique physical characteristics make them stand out among other waterbirds - so if you ever get lucky enough to spot one while exploring nature, take some time to appreciate this majestic creature.Scientific classification:
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33. Black tern
The black tern is a small, yet distinctive bird found in or near inland water habitats throughout Europe, Western Asia and North America.
Its plumage appears darkly coloured from a distance but can shine with an iridescent blue hue up close when breeding season arrives.
It's name is believed to come from Old English words 'blue darr' which references the colour of its feathers in certain lights.
The genus name Chlidonias derives from Greek meaning ‘swallow-like’ due to its similar appearance and behaviour to these birds while fishing for food over shallow waters.
An interesting species, it has made appearances in artwork dating back centuries as well as more recently inspiring music compositions.Scientific classification:
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The Acrocephalidae, commonly known as reed warblers, marsh- and tree-warblers or acrocephalid warblers are a family of passerine birds belonging to the superfamily Sylvioidea.
These birds typically have an olivaceous brown top with yellowish to beige underside. They can mostly be spotted in open woodlands, reed beds or tall grasses.
This family comprises about 130 species spread across Eurasia and Africa which includes some vagrant species too.
Most of these bird families feed on insects like spiders, beetles etc., while others also consume small fruits such as berries.
They make nests close to ground level by weaving twigs together using their saliva for binding them making it waterproof enough so that eggs stay safe from rainwater during breeding season.Scientific classification:
|Family||Acrocephalidae Salvin, 1882|
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35. Isabelline shrike
The Isabelline Shrike is a member of the shrike family, Laniidae, and was previously thought to be congeneric with the Red-backed or Red-tailed Shrikes.
It has an extensive range across many countries from Caspian Sea in Western Asia all the way eastward up to Central China's Qaidam Basin.
During winter months it migrates southwards towards Africa and Arabia for warmer climates.
Its genus name 'Lanius' is derived from Latin meaning "butcher", as its diet consists mainly of small insects and sometimes even lizards or sparrows.
The Isabelline Shrike can easily be identified by its brownish grey coloration along with black wings having white wingtips plus two white bars on each side of their tail feathers.Scientific classification:
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36. Moustached warbler
The Moustached Warbler is a species of Old World warbler found in Southern Europe, North-West Africa and parts of temperate Asia. It has distinctive facial markings that give it its name - the moustache look.
The bird can be partially migratory depending on where they breed; birds from South West Europe are resident but those from South East may travel to Mediterranean regions for winter.
Those living in Asiatic areas migrate further south to India or Pakistan during colder months.
This beautiful little songbird is pale grey with brownish upperparts and white underparts, along with an eye stripe, dark line through the eyes and black bib which all contribute to its unique look.Scientific classification:
37. Long-legged buzzard
The Long-legged Buzzard is a large bird of prey found in many parts of Eurasia and North Africa.
It has long legs, which allows it to wade through shallow water or even snow when hunting for food.
The diet mainly consists of small mammals such as voles, but also includes amphibians, reptiles and insects.
They are powerful birds that can fly up high into the sky with ease due to their wide wingspan.
This species is often seen soaring on thermals or hovering over open areas looking out for potential meals below them.
With its spectacular eyesight they can spot prey from great distances away before swooping down quickly at incredible speeds to capture their meal.Scientific classification:
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38. Armenian gull
The Armenian gull is a large species of seabird found in the Caucasus and Middle East. It was previously classified as a subspecies of the European herring gull, but has now been recognised as its own separate species by BirdLife International.
On average, it measures around 48-56 cm long with an impressive wingspan up to 130cm wide. This bird typically has light grey upperparts, white underparts and black legs contrasted with yellow feet.
One interesting feature are its reddish eyes which makes them easily identifiable from other similar looking birds such as Yellow Legged Gulls or Herring Gulls.
They feed mainly on insects, fish and molluscs near coastal areas or inland wetlands during their breeding season between April - August each year when they lay 2-3 eggs in nests made out of sticks & twigs lined with grasses & feathers for insulation against extreme weather conditions.Scientific classification:
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Cisticolidae is a family of warblers found mainly in warmer regions of the Old World. There are about 160 species all together, mostly seen across Africa but also in other parts like tropical Asia and Australasia.
One notable example from this family is the zitt bird which makes its home across these areas.
These small passerine birds have drab colors on their bodies with darker wings and tails for camouflage when they fly or perch among foliage.
They can be distinguished by their loud chirps that echo through forests and grasslands as well as distinctive songs used to attract mates during mating seasons.
Despite being quite common, Cisticolidae remain elusive due to their excellent ability to hide away within vegetation making them difficult to observe closely in nature.Scientific classification:
|Family||Cisticolidae Sundevall, 1872|
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40. Squacco heron
The Squacco Heron is a small heron species native to the Old World that breeds in parts of Europe and the Greater Middle East, before migrating south for winter.
They measure around 44-47 cm long with an 80-92 cm wingspan, making them one of the smaller species of herons.
Their body length measures 20-23cm while they have greyish or brown plumage on top and white or yellow underneath.
The neck has some streaking patterns giving it its name "squacco" which means speckled in Italian. It feeds mainly on fish, frogs and insects near shallow waters such as marshes, swamps and streams.
Rarely sighted north of their breeding grounds this curious little bird should be admired if spotted.Scientific classification:
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41. White-winged tern
The White-winged Tern is a small species of tern found across much of the world, from Europe to Africa and Asia, inhabiting fresh water habitats.
With its scientific name Chlidonias leucopterus or Chlidonias leucoptera coming from Ancient Greek meaning 'swallow-like', it has white wings giving it an unmistakable appearance in flight.
It feeds on insects by swooping down over water surfaces at high speed and snatching them up with its beak while skimming the surface.
This bird also nests near bodies of freshwater such as lakes, rivers and marshes making use of reeds for cover against predators when they're raising their chicks.
A beautiful sight to behold wherever they are found.Scientific classification:
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Flamingos are a type of water bird that belong to the Phoenicopteriformes group. They are known for their distinctive pink coloring and long, thin legs.
Flamingos are closely related to grebes and are part of the Mirandornithes clade. These birds are well-documented in the fossil record, with some of their extinct relatives dating back millions of years.
In fact, the first known member of the Phoenicopteridae family was a bird called Elornis. Flamingos are known for their unique feeding habits, which involve using their beaks to filter food from the water.
They are also social creatures that typically live in large groups called colonies.
Overall, flamingos are fascinating creatures with a long history on our planet.Scientific classification:
|Order||Phoenicopteriformes Fürbringer, 1888|
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43. Rock sparrow
The Rock Sparrow, also known as the Rock Petronia, is a small bird belonging to the sparrow family. It is the only species in the Petronia genus.
These birds can be found on barren rocky hills across Southern Europe, the Iberian Peninsula, and Western North Africa, through the Palearctic Siberia, to Central China.
They are largely resident in the western part of their range, but the Asian populations tend to migrate. The Rock Sparrow is a passerine bird and its small size makes it distinguishable from other sparrows.
The male has a grey-brown head, white cheeks, and a chestnut nape. The female, on the other hand, has a more subdued coloration.
These birds are known for their unique habitat choice and interesting nesting behavior.Scientific classification:
|Genus||Petronia Kaup, 1829|
44. Marsh sandpiper
The Marsh sandpiper is a small wading bird that can be found in wetlands across easternmost Europe to the Russian Far East. They prefer open grassy steppe and taiga areas for breeding.
The genus name, Tringa, was given based on the Ancient Greek trungas, a white-rumped, tail-bobbing bird mentioned by Aristotle.
Marsh sandpipers are known to be rather small shanks and are distinct in their appearance.
They have a slim figure and slender legs that make them well-suited for moving through mud and water.
In addition to their physical characteristics, they also have a unique call that can be used for communication and attracting mates.
Overall, the Marsh sandpiper is an interesting and valuable bird species that plays an important role in its ecosystem.Scientific classification:
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45. Pallid harrier
The Pallid harrier, also known as Circus macrourus, is a migratory bird of prey that belongs to the harrier subfamily.
Its name is derived from the Ancient Greek words kirkos and makros- referring to its circling flight and long-tailed structure, respectively.
This species breeds in the southern regions of eastern Europe and is known for its impressive aerial displays during courtship.
The Pallid harrier is also remarkable for its unique foraging behavior, as it typically preys on small mammals, insects, and birds while in flight.
Unfortunately, like many bird species, the Pallid harrier is under threat due to habitat loss and changes in land use practices.
Conservation efforts are underway to protect this stunning bird of prey and preserve its natural habitat for future generations to come.Scientific classification:
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46. Rosy starling
The Rosy Starling, also known as the Rose-coloured Starling or Rose-coloured Pastor, is a passerine bird that belongs to the starling family. It has recently been placed in its own genus, Pastor, and separated from Sturnus.
The bird got its name due to its rosy pink plumage. The Rosy Starling is a monotypic species, and its relationship with other related species is still under study.
The bird's scientific name is Pastor roseus. In India, it is known as Gulabi Myna.
The Rosy Starling is native to East and Central Asia, and it has a wide distribution range that extends from Russia to India. It typically feeds on insects and seeds and can be found in fields, grasslands, and agricultural areas.
The Rosy Starling is a migratory bird that breeds in Europe and Asia and winters in South and Southeast Asia.
During breeding season, it can be seen in large flocks that build communal nests for breeding. The Rosy Starling is a beautiful bird that is widely appreciated for its striking appearance and pleasant song.Scientific classification:
|Genus||Pastor Temminck, 1815|
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47. Waxwing birds
Waxwings are medium-sized birds with crested feathers on their heads. They have a unique appearance with soft plumage blending from brown to pale grey. Waxwings are mainly found in North America, Europe and Asia.
These birds are sociable and move in large flocks. They devour mostly fruits and have been observed to gather in places where berries and flowering trees are in abundance.
Waxwings have a flight pattern characterized by sharp turns and rapid flapping of wings.
They are known for their short and high-pitched trilling calls. Their nests are cup-shaped and made of grass, twigs and feathers which they lay in shrubs and low trees.
Waxwings are believed to form strong bonds with their mates and work together to protect their offspring.Scientific classification:
48. Citrine wagtail
The citrine wagtail is a petite songbird that belongs to the Motacillidae family. Its yellowish hue, as denoted by its name, adds flashes of brightness to its appearance.
In the early 21st century, there has been much discussion surrounding its systematics, taxonomy, and phylogeny as it forms a cryptic species complex with the eastern and western yellow wagtail.Scientific classification:
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The Twite bird is a small brown passerine bird belonging to the finch family. It is similar in size and shape to a linnet bird.
However, it lacks the red head patch and breast shown by the linnet and the redpolls.
The Twite bird is brown streaked with black above and has a pink rump. The bird's underparts are buff to whitish, streaked with brown.
The conical bill of the bird is yellow in color. The Twite bird is approximately 13 to 13.5 cm in length.Scientific classification:
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