Anguilla is a small Caribbean island in the Leeward Islands, east of Puerto Rico. It is known for its white-sand beaches, crystal-clear waters, and diverse wildlife, including a wide variety of birds.
From hummingbirds to pelicans, Anguilla is home to many species of birds, making it a paradise for birdwatchers. Whether you’re looking to spot a rare species or simply admire the vibrant plumage of a tropical bird, Anguilla has something for everyone.
Skuas are a group of predatory seabirds with seven species, all belonging to the genus Stercorarius.
They are also known as "Jaegers" in North America and their name originates from the Faroese word for Great Skua - skúgvur.
These birds typically inhabit coastal areas or open oceans where they feed on fish, krill and other marine creatures.
Skuas can be distinguished by their pointed wings which help them fly long distances while hunting food.
Their distinctive colouration varies depending on age and habitat but generally includes greyish brown upperparts and white underparts with black streaks along its belly area.
The overall size ranges from 24-40 cm making these one of the larger sea bird species.Scientific classification:
|Family||Stercorariidae Gray, 1871|
|Genus||Stercorarius Brisson, 1760|
Nightjars are fascinating nocturnal or crepuscular birds belonging to the Caprimulgidae family. These medium-sized birds have long wings, short legs and very small bills.
They can be found across many parts of the world in forests, grasslands and scrubland habitats.
Nightjars feed on insects such as moths, beetles, crickets and cicadas which they catch with their sharp eyesight during night time flights over open fields when hunting for food.
Their scientific name 'Caprimulgidae' is derived from an old folktale that claims these birds suck milk from goats.
In reality though, they are harmless creatures who pose no threat to livestock whatsoever.
Nightjars make a variety of different calls ranging from whistles to chirps all throughout the night - adding further mystery to this amazing species.Scientific classification:
|Order||Caprimulgiformes Ridgway, 1881|
|Family||Caprimulgidae Vigors, 1825|
Grebes are a type of diving bird found in freshwater habitats around the world. They belong to the order Podicipediformes and have 22 species that exist across six genera.
Some species can also be found in marine environments during their migration or winter season, and some even live flightless lives on stable lakes.
Grebes vary greatly between regions; for example, they range from 4-32 inches long with anywhere from 8-30 ounces of weight depending on which species it is.
Their plumage may be black, browns/grays or whites but usually consist of bright colors such as yellows, blues and greens while underwater they use these feathers to help them streamline through the water quickly.Scientific classification:
|Order||Podicipediformes Fürbringer, 1888|
|Family||Podicipedidae Bonaparte, 1831|
The Tanagers are a beautiful and diverse family of birds native to the Neotropical region. They boast an impressive array of colors, including blues, greens, yellows and reds.
The most common type is the fruit-eating tanager that can be found in tropical forests across Latin America. With nearly 240 species worldwide, they represent almost 4% of all avian species.
These vibrant birds have adapted well to their environment due to their strong bills used for cracking open hard fruits as well as sharp claws for gripping branches while feeding or perching.
As with many other bird families there is natural variation among populations making each one unique in its own way; something that makes them even more special.Scientific classification:
|Family||Thraupidae Cabanis, 1847|
Mimid birds are a diverse family of passerines found in the New World. They have an impressive vocal range and many species excel at mimicking other bird songs, as well as noises from their environment.
Mimids can be identified by their flat heads with short crest feathers, long tails, large eyes and strong legs for hopping between branches.
These birds typically inhabit open woodlands or scrubland areas where they feed on insects such as beetles, caterpillars and grasshoppers.
Some species also supplement their diet with fruits or grains when available. While most do not migrate far during winter months some may undertake longer migrations to warmer climates if necessary to survive cold weather spells.
The wide variety of sounds these talented singers produce make them one of nature's great musical performers.Scientific classification:
|Family||Mimidae Bonaparte, 1853|
6. Northern storm petrels
Northern storm petrels are one of the smallest seabirds, inhabiting oceans all over the world.
They have a unique ability to hover over water and pick planktonic crustaceans and small fish from the surface.
Northern storm petrels belong to the genus Hydrobates in family Hydrobatidae, part of Procellariiformes order.
This species was once lumped with austral storm petrel but recent studies show that they weren't related closely which led them being split into two distinct species now.
These birds can be identified by their dark grey upperparts and wings along with white underparts when seen from afar while feeding on ocean's surface.Scientific classification:
|Family||Hydrobatidae Mathews, 1912|
|Genus||Hydrobates F. Boie, 1822|
7. Tyrant flycatchers
Tyrant flycatchers are a family of birds found in North and South America, containing over 400 species. These birds come in an array of shapes and sizes, with vibrant plumage to match.
They’re the most diverse avian family across all countries they inhabit except for the United States and Canada.
Their diet consists mainly of insects but also includes small reptiles or amphibians where available.
The behavior varies between each bird; some prefer open areas while others like dense forests as their habitat — many even migrate regularly.
Tyrant Flycatchers have adapted well to human presence thanks to the abundance of food sources that often accompany it – such as backyards, parks etc..
All things considered these incredible creatures are truly amazing.Scientific classification:
|Family||Tyrannidae Vigors, 1825|
8. Sooty tern
The Sooty Tern is a bird that lives in the tropics of all three major oceans. It is found mostly on remote islands where it returns to nest and breed during its seasonal journeys.
This member of the Laridae family has been described by Carl Linnaeus as Sterna fuscata, though more recently it was given its current name Onychoprion fuscatus.
The sooty tern has dark grey wings and back, with white underneath for camouflage against predators when flying over open ocean waters; they are also adept at diving underwater in search of food such as fish or crustaceans which make up their diet.
They live in colonies and usually lay two eggs each year which incubate for about four weeks before hatching into fluffy little chicks.Scientific classification:
9. Caribbean elaenia
The Caribbean elaenia is a species of small bird that can be found in the West Indies and parts of Central America.
It is part of the Tyrannidae family and inhabits tropical dry broadleaf forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, as well as heavily degraded former forest areas.
In 1760, French zoologist Mathurin Jacques Brisson provided an extensive description on this species which has helped us gain further knowledge about it today.
The Caribbean elaenia typically measures around 6-9 inches long with predominantly olive green feathers with yellowish edges to some wings and tails.
They have white throats but lack any distinctive markings on their chest unlike many other birds from its family.
This bird feeds primarily on insects such as grasshoppers collected from trees or bushes while also consuming fruit when available during certain times of year.Scientific classification:
10. Bridled tern
The Bridled Tern is a medium-sized seabird of the family Laridae, found in tropical oceans. It has an impressive wingspan of 77–81 cm and measures 30–32 cm in length – similar to that of the Common Tern.
Its scientific name originates from Ancient Greek; Onux meaning "claw" or "nail", and Prion, which translates as “saw”. The specific anaethetus means ‘senseless’ or 'stupid'.
These birds are elegant flyers with greyish brown upperparts and white underparts when they take off into flight, while their head appears black on top but turns to white below the eyes with a thin line between them.Scientific classification:
11. Pearly-eyed thrasher
The Pearly-eyed Thrush is a unique and beautiful bird native to the Caribbean islands. It has stunning pearly eyes, with white patches on its wings and tail.
This thrasher measures up to 28-30 cm in length, making it the largest species of Mimidae family found in this area.
With an isolated subspecies living on Bonaire island, these birds have adapted well to their environment over time.
They feed mainly on insects found around them, but will also eat fruits or berries when available for extra nourishment.
These birds are often seen singing together as part of group displays at dawn or dusk - one more reason why they are so special.Scientific classification:
|Genus||Margarops P.L. Sclater, 1859|
12. Purple-throated carib
The Purple-throated Carib is a species of hummingbird found in the Lesser Antilles islands. It has stunning purple feathers along its throat, making it quite easy to identify amongst other birds.
This bird is usually seen alone or in pairs and can be found near forests and gardens where they feed on nectar from flowers.
The Purple-throated Carib also feeds on insects which helps keep insect populations under control around their habitat areas.
They are known as strong fliers that have been spotted both north and south of the Caribbean Islands showing just how far this resilient species can travel.
Overall, this vibrant little bird adds beautiful colour to any garden with its mesmerising plumage while providing an essential service at controlling bug numbers too.Scientific classification:
13. Lesser Antillean bullfinch
The Lesser Antillean Bullfinch is a species of bird found throughout the Caribbean islands. It has greenish-brown feathers, white cheeks and wings with black spots, and red-orange legs.
Its natural habitats include forests, mangroves and shrublands. This small finch feeds mainly on fruits but also eats insects such as caterpillars and moths in addition to nectar from flowers.
They are often seen foraging near flowering trees during the breeding season when they build nests made out of grasses or plant fibers lined with soft downy feathers for their young ones to rest in comfortably.
These birds have adapted well to human presence so can be easily spotted around gardens within cities where they come looking for food scraps left by people.Scientific classification:
14. Black-faced grassquit
The Black-faced grassquit is a small bird belonging to the tanager family, genetically related to Darwin's finches. It breeds mainly in the West Indies and along certain parts of Colombia and Venezuela.
The Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus first formally described it back in 1766 as part of his twelfth edition work on species classification.
This type of bird has a black head with white spots around its eyes, grey wings and tail feathers; its body is brownish orange or yellow with darker shades towards the belly area.
Its diet consists mostly of seeds from grasses but may also include other insects for additional nutrition during breeding season.Scientific classification:
15. Zenaida dove
The Zenaida dove is a species of doves and pigeons found mainly in the Caribbean, but also parts of Mexico, Central America and South America.
With its distinct dark coloring, short rounded tail and an average length of 28-30 cm (11-12 inches), it stands out from other bird families.
It's recognized as the national bird for Anguilla where locals refer to it as 'turtle dove'. They are seen flying around open grasslands or roosting on tree branches close by populated areas.
These birds feed mostly on seeds that they pick off the ground while walking through fields.
The Zenaida Dove breeds all year round producing two broods during spring and summer months with both male and female taking turns incubating eggs over a span of 14 days before hatching into chicks.Scientific classification:
16. Green-throated carib
The Green-throated Carib is a species of hummingbird found in Puerto Rico and most of the Lesser Antilles. It was described by Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus in 1758.
The bird has distinctive green throat feathers, with iridescent blue on its back and wings. Its tail feathers are blackish brown at the base and white towards the tip, forming two distinct bands across their length.
This beautiful creature usually feeds on nectar from flowers or small insects such as spiders, bees and ants that it catches while flying through foliage.
Despite being fairly common throughout its range, this delightful little bird faces some threats due to habitat loss caused by human activity like agriculture or development projects taking place in areas where they live naturally.Scientific classification:
17. Stilt sandpiper
The Stilt Sandpiper (Calidris himantopus) is a small shorebird with ancient Greek origins. It has grey-coloured feathers, and its scientific name is derived from the terms "strap foot" or "thong foot".
This bird bears some resemblance to smaller calidrid sandpipers, also known as 'stints'. Through recent DNA sequence information, it was found that this species of birds are closely related to other wading shorebirds such as curlews and godwits.
They can usually be seen along the edges of rivers and creeks in shallow waters where they feed on aquatic insects like beetles, flies, mayflies etc., which makes them an important part of their ecosystem's food chain.
The stilt sandpiper population appears to have been stable over time but further research needs to be done in order for us to understand more about this unique species.Scientific classification:
18. Scaly-naped pigeon
The scaly-naped pigeon is a large bird belonging to the family Columbidae. It has slate grey plumage with maroon coloured feathers around its neck, giving it the common name of red-necked pigeon.
The species originates from throughout the Caribbean and can reach 14–16 inches in length.
Its scientific name is derived from its unique feature: small scales on its nape which form an attractive pattern when viewed up close.
This makes them easily distinguishable from other birds within their range as they are one of few that have this characteristic.
They feed mainly on fruit but also consume seeds, insects and even carrion depending on availability at any given time of year or location.Scientific classification:
19. Carib grackle
The Carib grackle is a tropical blackbird found in the Lesser Antilles and northern South America. It has eight subspecies, with the most widespread being Q. l. lugubris which can be found on Trinidad and much of mainland South America.
This particular subspecies was introduced to Puerto Rico during the 19th century where it now thrives due to its adaptability and tolerance towards human activity such as living near grazing animals or around farms.
Its diet consists mainly of small invertebrates, fruits, seeds and grains - all readily available in populated areas making it ideal for urban environments too.
They are also known for their beautiful songs used by males during breeding season to attract females but unfortunately this doesn't last long as they generally only mate once throughout life before moving onto find another partner shortly after nesting season ends.Scientific classification:
20. Caribbean martin
The Caribbean martin is a large swallow that can be found throughout the Caribbean, except on Cuba and Isla de la Juventud.
It has at various times been thought to be related to the purple martin but more recently it has been recognised as its own species - Progne dominicensis.
This species is closely related to both the Cuban martin (P. cryptoleuca) and South American martins (S. chirica).
The adult birds have predominantly white underparts with grey-brown upper parts and black wings.
Their tail feathers are forked in shape making them very distinctive when flying through their habitats of open woodlands, savannas or mangroves near bodies of water such as lakes or rivers where they feed mainly on insects like dragonflies or termites.Scientific classification:
21. Masked booby
The Masked Booby is a large seabird belonging to the booby and gannet family. It was first described by French naturalist René-Primevère Lesson in 1831, making it one of six species of boobies within its genus Sula.
It has an impressive aerodynamic body shape with pale grey or white plumage on its head and neck, while the rest of its body is blackish brown.
Its wingspan can reach up to 1 metre wide. The bill is yellowish and pointed at the end, whilst they have bright blue skin around their eyes - this is why they are also known as 'blue-faced' boobies.
They use their strong wings for soaring over oceans in search of fish which makes them excellent fishers who feed mainly on flying fish near tropical waters but can occasionally be found off coasts in temperate regions too.Scientific classification:
22. Antillean nighthawk
The Antillean nighthawk is an impressive nocturnal bird native to the Caribbean and Florida Keys.
It has a distinct colour scheme of dark brown, grey and white patterning on its upperparts and breast; long wings are black with a white bar visible in flight; tail dark with barring, while underparts are white with blackish-brown streaks.
Named after Cuban naturalist Juan Gundlach, these birds can be found near forest edges or open habitats like savannahs.
They feed primarily by hawking insects at night using their large eyes for good vision in low light conditions.
During breeding season they perform an aerial courtship display involving dives from altitude followed by steep climbs back up again as pairs circle each other doing tight circles around one another - truly spectacular.Scientific classification: