Sacramento, the capital of California, is home to a diverse array of bird species. With its mild climate, abundant wetlands, and nearby mountains, the area provides a plethora of habitats to many of the birds that inhabit it.
From small songbirds to large waterfowl, Sacramento provides a wide variety of bird species for locals and visitors alike to observe, admire, and appreciate.
1. Swainson's hawk
Swainson's hawk is a large bird of the Accipitriformes order, named after British naturalist William Swainson.
It is also referred to as the grasshopper or locust hawk due its preference for Acrididae insects like locusts and grasshoppers.
In their breeding habitat they are found in prairies and dry grasslands where there is an abundance of prey available to them.
They have adapted well living with humans since they nest on human-made structures such as buildings, bridges and towers which provide protection from predators while giving them access to ample food sources nearby.
This species will migrate great distances each year to find suitable conditions for nesting; often reaching South America during winter months before returning northward again in springtime when more favourable weather arrives.Scientific classification:
2. Purple martin
The Purple Martin is a beautiful passerine bird in the swallow family, and is the largest of its kind in North America.
It has dark blackish-blue feathers that have an iridescent sheen which can make them appear blue or deep purple depending on the light; they may even look green.
These birds are quite social creatures and often build communal roosts with multiple nests, having as many as hundreds of individuals living together at once.
They feed mainly on flying insects such as flies, moths, wasps and bees.
Their habitats include areas near bodies of water like lakes or rivers where there's plenty for these birds to eat all year round.
The Purple Martin is truly an amazing species worth protecting.Scientific classification:
3. Sandhill crane
Sandhill Cranes are a large species of crane native to North America and northeastern Siberia. They are known for their distinctive calls, long legs, and long necks.
These birds typically inhabit wetland areas like the Platte River in Nebraska's Sandhills on the Great Plains.
In Central Florida, they often gather at the edges of bodies of water such as lakes or rivers.
During breeding season, sandhill cranes can be seen performing elaborate courtship dances that involve bowing and jumping in unison with their partner.
Their diet consists mainly of plant material including grains, roots, tubers and aquatic plants which they obtain by pecking or digging into mudflats using their bill or feet respectively.
With an average lifespan between 10-20 years these majestic creatures make great additions to any wetland habitat.Scientific classification: