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15 Turkmenistan Birds

Turkmenistan is a country located in Central Asia, and it is home to some of the most unique bird species in the world.

With its diverse habitats and its strategic location along the Silk Road, Turkmenistan is a great place to observe a wide range of avian species.

From the steppes of the Karakum Desert to the wetlands of the Caspian Sea, Turkmenistan is a paradise for bird-watchers who have the opportunity to observe some of the rarest species of birds on Earth.

From raptors to waterfowl, Turkmenistan has a vast array of bird species that are sure to amaze and delight both the casual observer and the seasoned bird-watcher.

1. Treecreepers


Treecreepers are small passerine birds found in wooded areas of the Northern Hemisphere and sub-Saharan Africa.

They have dull colored plumage, long curved bills, stiff tails and strong feet that help them to climb up tree trunks while searching for food such as insects and spiders.

The two genera Certhia and Salpornis include eleven species which can be identified by their distinct call – a high pitched ‘tsee-tsit’.

Treecreepers build cup shaped nests on trees usually near the base or middle trunk using mosses, lichens, grasses with leaves inside them to provide insulation from cold temperatures.

These birds also use bark crevices during winter months when they shelter in groups together against extreme weather conditions.Scientific classification:

FamilyCerthiidae Leach, 1820

2. Plovers


Plovers are a family of around 64-68 species of ground-dwelling birds, commonly found in open country such as fields, meadows and tundras.

They have short bills with webbed feet to help them forage through mud or shallow water.

Plover plumage is usually mottled brown though some species may have brighter colors on the head and wings.

These birds feed mainly on insects but can also eat small crustaceans and worms.

Plovers breed during springtime when they dig holes in sandy or pebbled beaches to lay their eggs which hatch after about 3 weeks incubation period.

They use distraction display behaviour by pretending an injury to the predators away from their nests if needed for protecting their young ones.Scientific classification:

FamilyCharadriidae Leach, 1820

3. Old World Orioles

Old World orioles

Old World orioles are a family of passerine birds found in the Old World. It comprises four genera: piopios, figbirds, pitohuis and the original genus Oriolus.

The African black-headed species have sometimes been removed from this latter group due to their distinct characteristics as well as other proposed splits for Oriolus.

These colorful birds can be identified by their bright yellow or orange plumage that often features darker markings on wings and head areas, although some species may also display a blue hue or stripes across the body feathers.

They typically feed on insects such as caterpillars and grasshoppers but will supplement with small fruits when available too – making them beneficial additions to gardens.Scientific classification:

FamilyOriolidae Vigors, 1825

4. Stone-Curlew


Stone-curlews, also known as dikkops or thick-knees, are a family of birds that have adapted to live in tropical and temperate regions throughout the world.

They can be found in Africa, Asia and Australia with two or more species per region. Despite being classified as waders, most prefer dry arid habitats over moist wetlands.

Stone-curlews typically have long legs which help them navigate through their preferred terrain efficiently; some species even stand at an impressive height when standing on those long legs.

Additionally they feature cryptic plumage which helps them blend into their surroundings while hunting for prey such as insects and small mammals like rodents.

These unique bird’s calls are easily recognizable; it has been said that hearing one is similar to listening to someone whistling ‘Keee Weee’.Scientific classification:

FamilyBurhinidae Mathews, 1912

5. Glareolidae


Glareolidae is a family of wading birds, consisting of four genera and 17 species. They are distinguished from other charadrii by their long bills which have a slight downward curve.

Glareolidae live around open grasslands and deserts, where they hunt for insects using the bill to probe into soil or vegetation.

Most species are found in Africa but two pratincoles inhabit parts of Europe and Asia as well.

Coursers tend to be larger than pratincoles with longer legs allowing them to run quickly across sandy dunes while feeding on small animals like lizards or spiders.

Pratincoles feed mainly on flying insects, snatching them out of midair with great agility during flight.

All glareolids share unique features such as large eyes that help it spot prey at night easily making this group one interesting bird family.Scientific classification:

FamilyGlareolidae CL Brehm, 1831

6. Waxwing Birds

Waxwings are small, brownish songbirds with crested heads and striking red or yellow tips on their wings.

They get their name from the waxy coating that sometimes appears on the tips of their secondary feathers.

Waxwings have sharp, thin bills used for catching insects in flight as well as eating berries off trees during winter months.

Their diet also includes buds, nectar and sap from woodpeckers’ holes.

During breeding season they form large flocks to nest in coniferous forests across North America, Europe and Asia where there is abundant food supply nearby for them to feed upon.

These birds migrate southwards when cold weather sets in but may stay year-round if suitable habitat is available close by providing enough food sources throughout colder seasons too.

7. Stilts And Avocets

Stilts and avocets

Stilts and avocets are two distinct groups of birds belonging to the family Recurvirostridae. They range in length from 30-46 cm (12-18 inches) and weigh between 140 – 435 g (4.9 – 15.3 ounces).

Males usually have slightly larger bodies than females, with long thin legs, necks and bills.

Avocet bills curve upwards uniquely while stilt beaks remain straight most times.

These wading birds live mainly near shorelines or wetlands where they feed on aquatic invertebrates like brine shrimp, insects etc., occasionally supplementing their diet with seeds or small fish too.

Stilts also inhabit open fields in search of food sources such as earthworms or grasshoppers during the non-breeding season.

Both groups migrate over large distances for warmer weathers when it gets cold outside.Scientific classification:

FamilyRecurvirostridae Bonaparte, 1854

8. Sylviid Warblers

Sylviid warblers

The Sylviid warblers are a family of passerine birds found in Eurasia and Africa. They include the typical warblers as well as babblers that were formerly part of the Old World babbler family.

These birds have slender bodies, pointed wings, long tails and strong legs adapted for ground-dwelling habits like running or hopping along branches.

The male often has bright colors while females are usually duller in coloration with more muted plumage patterns than males.

Some species also show sexual dimorphism where one sex may be larger or smaller than its counterpart; for instance some species may have longer tail feathers on the female side compared to their male counterparts.

Many members of this group feed on insects but some specialize on seeds, fruits, nectar or even frogs.Scientific classification:

FamilySylviidae Leach, 1820

9. Monarch Flycatcher

Monarch flycatcher

The Monarch flycatcher is a small passerine bird, belonging to the family Monarchidae. It inhabits forest or woodland areas across sub-Saharan Africa, south-east Asia, Australasia and various Pacific islands.

Only some species migrate seasonally. This beautiful little bird has a long tail and feeds mainly on insects it catches in its beak.

Its cup shaped nest can often be found hanging from branches high up in trees where they are safe from predators while incubating their eggs – usually between two to four of them at once.

The adult birds have attractive plumage with hues of blues and greens along with white patches near their tails which make for stunning displays when they take flight during mating season or migratory times.Scientific classification:

FamilyMonarchidae Bonaparte, 1854

10. Threskiornithidae


Threskiornithidae is a family of large wading birds which includes 36 species. These birds are traditionally divided into two subfamilies – the ibises and the spoonbills.

However, recent genetic analysis has shown that spoonbills actually belong to Old World ibis group, while New World ibises form an early offshoot from this lineage.

Threskiornithidse members have long curved beaks with serrated edges used for catching fish in shallow water or mudflats, as well as other aquatic invertebrates like crustaceans and mollusks.

They also feed on plant matter such as grains and seeds found close to wetlands areas where they live.

This diverse diet makes them important scavengers in their ecosystems, helping maintain healthy populations of native wildlife by controlling insect numbers and dispersing energy-rich seeds throughout wetland habitats.Scientific classification:

FamilyThreskiornithidae Richmond, 1917

11. Laughingthrushes


Laughingthrushes are a family of passerine birds found in tropical areas, primarily Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent.

They vary greatly in size and coloration but generally they have strong legs and many species are terrestrial or semi-terrestrial.

These birds typically inhabit forests where they feed on insects, fruits, seeds and occasionally small vertebrates.

The diet varies depending on the species as some prefer to forage among foliage while others look for food along the forest floor or take it from trees high up in their habitat.

In general these active creatures live in flocks that can range from just a few individuals to large groups with dozens of members making them quite vocal at times.Scientific classification:

FamilyLeiothrichidae Swainson, 1832

12. White-Winged Woodpecker

White-winged woodpecker

The White-winged woodpecker is a species of bird in the Picidae family. It inhabits temperate and subtropical forests across Afghanistan, China, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan., Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

This bold yet timid creature has a black body with white wings that are visible when it flies or perches on trees. 

Its most distinguishable feature though is its bright red crest atop its head which can be seen from afar making them easily recognizable among other birds in their habitat.

They feed mainly on insects but they also eat nuts and fruits found around tree trunks as well as suet scattered by humans at times; all done with powerful bill equipped to break through tough bark surfaces without effort. 

The White-winged Woodpecker may not have any special status under conservation laws but let’s hope we take better care of this beautiful bird so future generations can appreciate its captivating beauty too.Scientific classification:

SpeciesD. leucopterus

13. Yellow-Eyed Pigeon

Yellow-eyed pigeon

The Yellow-eyed Pigeon is a stunningly beautiful bird found in several countries across Central Asia. It has a pale back and distinctive yellow eyes, giving it an exotic appearance that makes it stand out from other species of pigeon.

During the summer months, they breed in southern Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan before migrating south to Pakistan during wintertime.

The birds can also be seen at Tal Chhapar Sanctuary and Jorbeer in Rajasthan as well as parts of Jammu & Kashmir throughout the year.

These doves are important for maintaining biodiversity; their presence helps keep ecosystems healthy by acting as seed dispersers which promotes plant germination and growth around them.Scientific classification:

SpeciesC. eversmanni

Also Featured In: Birds that Live in Rajasthan,

14. Caspian Snowcock

Caspian snowcock

The Caspian snowcock is a beautiful bird in the pheasant family. It has a grey head, white neck and breast, brown wings with black barring, and barred tail feathers.

This species can be found mainly in eastern Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan and throughout Northern Iran at altitudes between 1 800 to 3 000 meters above sea level on bare ground with some alpine scrub vegetation.

During breeding season they will make nests by making scrapes into the soil where eggs are laid for incubation during which both parents share duties of protecting their young until fledging occurs. 

They feed on insects such as grasshoppers but also eat plant matter such organic material like leaves or grains from fields nearby as well as berries when available depending on seasonal availability .

In conclusion this majestic gamebird still stands strong among its environment today.Scientific classification:

SpeciesT. caspius

15. Turkestan Ground Jay

Turkestan ground jay

The Turkestan ground jay is a species of bird found in central Asia, mainly Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

This small but distinctive member of the crow family typically inhabits habitats with Astragalus, Calligonum and southern Salsola vegetation zones.

It is closely related to the Iranian ground jay which also has similar habitat preferences. The plumage of this lovely little bird presents a combination or grey, browns and black – all providing excellent camouflage against its natural surroundings.

Despite being relatively widespread across its range it remains quite uncommon due to human interference with their preferred habitat type as well as hunting activities for fur that take place in some areas.Scientific classification:

SpeciesP. panderi

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