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49 Most Unique Birds In Peru

Peru is home to an incredible variety of birds, with more than 1800 species recorded from the country. These species range from the majestic Andean Condor, to the vibrant and colourful Toucan, to the elusive and well-camouflaged Cotinga.

Peru is a bird-watcher’s paradise, with many national parks and reserves offering the perfect opportunity to spot and appreciate the wide range of birds that call Peru home.

1. Andean Condor

Andean condor

The Andean condor is a giant South American Cathartid vulture and the only member of its genus.

Found in the Andes mountains and along Pacific coasts, it is thought to be the largest flying bird on Earth by weight and wingspan with a maximum wingspan reaching up to 10 feet 10 inches (3.3 m) and weighing 33 lbs (15 kg).

It has mainly black plumage which helps keep it warm at high altitudes, while white patches adorn its head, neck, chest as well as underwing coverts.

Its powerful bill allows it to consume carrion efficiently while also being able to crack bones for nutrition when necessary.

The amazing flight capabilities of this majestic creature allow them soar through air thermals effortlessly; making them an impressive sight against clear blue skies.Scientific classification:

GenusVultur Linnaeus, 1758
SpeciesV. gryphus

2. Marvelous Spatuletail

Marvelous spatuletail

The Marvelous Spatuletail is an endangered species of hummingbird found only in northern Peru. It’s the sole member of its genus and belongs to the ‘brilliants’ tribe Heliantheini, which falls under subfamily Lesbiinae.

This remarkable bird has two long tail feathers with bright blue discs at their tips that are used for courtship displays as well as protection from predators. Its vibrant colors also help it attract mates during breeding season.

As a result of deforestation and over-collection by collectors, this unique species faces extinction unless conservation efforts can be put in place to protect them and their habitats..Scientific classification:

GenusLoddigesia Bonaparte, 1850
SpeciesL. mirabilis

3. Andean Cock-Of-The-Rock

Andean cock-of-the-rock

The Andean cock-of-the-rock is a large passerine bird belonging to the Cotinga family. It has four subspecies and can be found in the cloud forests of South America, notably Peru where it has been declared its national bird.

This species exhibits marked sexual dimorphism; males have an impressive orange crest that covers most of their head as well as a bright coral chest patch while females are mainly grey with dark wings and tail feathers.

Both sexes also feature black heads, yellow eyes, long bills and short legs.

Their diet consists mostly of fruits but they have also been known to eat small insects for protein.

They are monogamous birds who mate for life forming strong pair bonds that last several years until one partner dies or moves away from its territory.Scientific classification:

SpeciesR. peruvianus

4. Humboldt Penguin

Humboldt penguin

The Humboldt Penguin is a medium-sized bird that resides in South America, mainly along the coastal regions of Peru. It belongs to the same family as African Penguins, Magellanic Penguins and Galapagos Penguins.

The species was named after Alexander von Humboldt, an explorer who first discovered it during his travels. With its black and white plumage, they are easily recognizable by their distinctive pink tufts on their face and feet.

Despite being listed as vulnerable due to habitat loss and hunting for food or feathers, these penguins have adapted well with human presence around them; making colonies close to fishing villages near rocky coasts where there is abundant shelter from predators like sea lions and seals.

They feed primarily on anchovies but also eat other fish such as sardines if available nearby.

Conservation efforts must be taken soon so we can protect this unique creature from extinction.Scientific classification:

SpeciesS. humboldti

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5. Inca Tern

Inca tern

The Inca tern, found exclusively in the Humboldt Current on Peru and Chile’s coasts is a striking bird of uncommon beauty.

It has unique plumage that sets it apart from other birds in its family Laridae.

Recently, a single individual was seen making an unexpected appearance at Hawaii’s Big Island and Oahu shores – an occurrence that had previously been unheard of.

They are also known to make rare visits to Ecuadorian southwest coast too.

A graceful flyer with elegant wingspans, the Inca tern is truly remarkable for its unusual characteristics – one worth seeing if you ever get the chance.Scientific classification:

GenusLarosterna Blyth, 1852
SpeciesL. inca

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6. Hoatzin


The Hoatzin bird is a tropical species found in the Amazon and Orinoco river basins of South America. It inhabits swamps, riparian forests and mangroves.

This unique bird has chicks that have claws on two of their wing digits which make it the only member in its order – Opisthocomiformes.

Its most distinctive feature is an odour produced from its digestive system which smells like cow manure.

The adults are brownish-grey with blue facial skin, red eyes, pointed crest feathers and black primaries.

They feed mainly on leaves but also eat flowers, fruits or buds when available during different seasons.

They can be heard making loud calls resembling caws at night time as well as repeated whistles throughout the day to keep contact between family members within flocks.Scientific classification:

GenusOpisthocomus Illiger, 1811
SpeciesO. hoazin

7. Wattled Jacana

Wattled jacana

The Wattled Jacana is a stunning bird from central and south America. It has long legs, a black head with yellow wattles at each side, and striking chestnut brown wings.

This wader builds its nest on the surface of ponds or lakes using floating vegetation such as lily pads to anchor it in place – usually with four eggs that are darkly marked.

The male takes primary responsibility for incubation of these eggs between his wings, while the female will take care of her chicks once they hatch out.

These birds feed mainly on aquatic insects but also small fish and amphibians if available.

Overall this species is an interesting and attractive addition to any wetland habitat.Scientific classification:

SpeciesJ. jacana

8. White-Winged Guan

White-winged guan

The White-winged Guan is a species of bird which belongs to the family Cracidae. It is found exclusively in northwestern Peru and was originally known from three specimens collected between 1876 and 1877.

After that, it wasn’t seen until 1977, though there were some hints that it still existed as far back as 1969.

Surveys starting around 1980 revealed its presence again with individuals found mainly in humid montane forest regions at higher altitudes.

This guan has white wings and a red throat pouch on males while females have more brown feathers overall with light barring on their chests.

They are also considered vulnerable due to habitat loss caused by logging activities taking place within the area where they live mixed with hunting for food or sport further reducing numbers in wild populationsScientific classification:

SpeciesP. albipennis

9. Waved Albatross

Waved albatross

The Waved Albatross is a stunning bird with distinctive black and white plumage. It is the only species of its family Diomedeidae that inhabits in tropical regions.

During breeding season, they can be found mostly near Ecuadorian and Peruvian coasts while during non-breeding season they travel up to 1,000 km east towards Peru’s coastline foraging food.

These birds are graceful gliders soaring through the skies using their long wingspans to navigates winds effortlessly when searching for prey like fish or squid at sea surface.

They also have an impressive courtship ritual involving head nodding which was once thought extinct but thankfully has been sighted again on Galapagos islands recently.Scientific classification:

SpeciesP. irrorata

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10. Chilean Flamingo

Chilean flamingo

The Chilean Flamingo is a large bird native to South America, ranging from Ecuador and Peru to Chile and Argentina. It is an impressive species of flamingo which stands at 43-51 inches tall.

With its distinctive long neck, bright pink feathers, and black tipped wings – it truly is a sight to behold.

Unfortunately the population of this majestic creature has been decreasing over time due to human activities such as hunting for their meat or eggs.

The IUCN currently lists them as near threatened – meaning we need to act now if we want future generations get the chance experience these beautiful birds in person.

We must be more responsible with our actions so that these iconic animals can live peacefully without fear of harm from humansScientific classification:

SpeciesP. chilensis

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11. Black Skimmer

Black skimmer

The Black Skimmer is a seabird which belongs to the skimmer genus Rynchops and Laridae family.

It breeds in North and South America, while Northern populations migrate south for winter towards warmer climates such as the Caribbean or Pacific coasts.

The Southern American races have adapted to annual floods by making shorter migrations during this time.

These birds are easily identified with their unique long red bill that has an upper mandible longer than its lower mandible.

They feed mainly on small fish caught at night when they skim across shallow water using their beak like a knife cutting through waves of water.

Their dark grey back contrasts against white belly feathers creating beautiful patterns in flight, aiding them in catching prey easier due to its camoflauge effect above and below waters surface.Scientific classification:

SpeciesR. niger

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12. Plovers


Plovers are a family of around 64-68 species of ground-dwelling birds, commonly found in open country such as fields, meadows and tundras.

They have short bills with webbed feet to help them forage through mud or shallow water.

Plover plumage is usually mottled brown though some species may have brighter colors on the head and wings.

These birds feed mainly on insects but can also eat small crustaceans and worms.

Plovers breed during springtime when they dig holes in sandy or pebbled beaches to lay their eggs which hatch after about 3 weeks incubation period.

They use distraction display behaviour by pretending an injury to the predators away from their nests if needed for protecting their young ones.Scientific classification:

FamilyCharadriidae Leach, 1820

13. Grey-Winged Trumpeter

Grey-winged trumpeter

The Grey-winged Trumpeter is a species of bird found in South America, spanning Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and several other countries. 

It belongs to the small family Psophiidae and has an uncertain taxonomy; this is being studied by various organisations such as the International Ornithological Committee (IOC).

They are usually around 35 cm long with grey wings and brown eyes. This species typically lives in humid lowland forests or adjacent woodlands.

Its diet consists mainly of fruits, seeds and some invertebrates which it finds on the ground or near trees.

The mating season for these birds occurs from October to February when they build nests made out of twigs lined with leaves close to their food sources for protection against potential predators.

Although not currently threatened due to its wide range distribution across multiple countries there may be localised threats that need monitoring in order for them survive into future generations.Scientific classification:

SpeciesP. crepitans

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14. Red-Legged Cormorant

Red-legged cormorant

The red-legged cormorant is a species of seabird found along the coastlines of South America. It has an unusual appearance, as its feathers are mostly grey in color and it stands out with long red legs and feet.

Unlike most seabirds, this species lives alone instead of forming colonies. Red-legged cormorants have not been seen engaging in the behavior known as “wing spreading” like other birds do to dry their wings after swimming or flying through water.

Instead, they often sunbathe on rocks or logs during warm weather for hours at a time until their plumage dries off naturally from the heat of the sun’s rays.Scientific classification:

GenusPoikilocarbo Boetticher, 1935
SpeciesP. gaimardi

15. Torrent Duck

Torrent duck

The Torrent Duck is a beautiful member of the duck, goose and swan family Anatidae. It is found in mountainous regions throughout South America and measures 43-46 centimetres long.

This unique species has its own genus – Merganetta armata – which belongs to the shelduck subfamily Tadorninae.

Its striking plumage includes dark brown feathers with varying shades from black to white on their wings, back and head as well as having yellow legs and feet.

They are mostly seen around fast flowing streams or small rivers where they feed mainly on aquatic invertebrates such as shrimp, insects, worms etc., but occasionally also take some plant material too.

These birds live in pairs for most of the year although during breeding season they may form larger groups or flocks when looking for food resources together.Scientific classification:

GenusMerganetta Gould, 1842
SpeciesM. armata

16. Peruvian Thick-Knee

Peruvian thick-knee

The Peruvian thick-knee is an impressive bird, belonging to the Burhinidae family. It has a unique appearance with its distinctive black and white plumage and striking yellow eyes.

This species can be found in Chile, Ecuador and Peru, where it inhabits dry shrublands, seasonally wet or flooded lowland grasslands and pasturelands. The Peruvian Thick-Knee is known as a ground dweller that feeds mainly on insects but also small animals like lizards or frogs if available.

It was formally described by French zoologist Charles Lucien Bonaparte in 1854 from specimens collected during his travels through South America; making this one of the oldest recognized birds native to these regions.Scientific classification:

SpeciesB. superciliaris

17. Darwin’s Rhea

Darwin s rhea

Darwin’s rhea is a flightless bird, the smaller of two extant species of rheas. It stands at 35 to 39 inches tall and has an average length of 36-39 inches with a weight range between 33 – 63 lbs.

The head and bill are both quite small in size compared to other ratites.

This large bird can be found across Altiplano and Patagonia regions in South America where it feeds on plants such as grasses, herbs, roots, bark, fruits etc., while also occasionally consuming insects and lizards.

Most notably they use their powerful legs for running away from predators like foxes or pumas who may attempt to hunt them down due to its slow speed when taking off or flying away isn’t possible.Scientific classification:

SpeciesR. pennata

18. Black-Tailed Trainbearer

Black-tailed trainbearer

The Black-tailed Trainbearer is a species of hummingbird found in the mountain regions of Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. These birds have an impressive wingspan measuring between 21 and 24 centimeters long including their striking black tail feathers.

They inhabit subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, high altitude shrublands and degraded former forest habitats where they feed on nectar from flowers as well as small insects for protein. 

The male has gorgeous blue crowns with black throats while the females are brighter green colouration all over.

Both sexes are quite vocal too with melodic chirruping songs sung throughout the day to mark territory or attract mates during breeding season.Scientific classification:

SpeciesL. victoriae

19. Royal Sunangel

Royal sunangel

The Royal Sunangel is a rare and endangered species of hummingbird found in the highlands of Ecuador and Peru.

It was first described in 1979, but only recently accepted as having two subspecies – Heliangelus regalis (the original) and Heliangelus r. johnsoni (discovered in 2011).

This bird measures between 10-12cm long with its wingspan reaching up to 13cm wide.

Its plumage is mostly black or dark brown with green shimmering feathers on its back, giving it an elegant look.

Its striking head crests are bright yellow/orange which contrast nicely against their bodies.

They feed mainly on nectar from flowers such as tall grasses, shrubs & trees like bromeliads & Fuchsias located near streams & rivers at altitudes ranging from 1,800–4200m above sea level.Scientific classification:

SpeciesH. regalis

20. Ruddy Ground Dove

Ruddy ground dove

The Ruddy Ground Dove is a small New World tropical bird, found across Mexico and South America as far south as Argentina. It is also seen in the southwestern United States during winter months.

This ground dove typically lives in scrub or other open habitats such as savannas and grasslands, where it feeds on seeds from plants like cactus fruits.

Its plumage ranges from grey to reddish-brown with a light tan breast and black markings throughout its wings and tail feathers.

The male has more distinguishable colouration than the female but both sexes have bright red eyes which give this species its name – ‘ruddy’.

They are often observed perching low to the ground near food sources or nesting sites while also being quite vocal when flying between locations making them easier to spot.Scientific classification:

SpeciesC. talpacoti

21. Scarlet Macaw

Scarlet macaw

The Scarlet Macaw is a vibrant and beautiful bird found in Central and South America. Its striking red, yellow, and blue feathers make it stand out among other parrots.

It inhabits humid evergreen forests of the Neotropics from Mexico to Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia Venezuela Brazil up to an altitude of 1000m (3300ft).

These birds have strong beaks which they use for breaking open hard nuts or seeds that would otherwise remain inaccessible.

They also form social bonds with their mates by grooming eachothers’ feathers and engaging in playful activities such as chasing one another around tree trunks.

Despite its vivid colors the Scarlet Macaw remains vulnerable due to habitat loss caused by deforestation so conservation efforts are essential if this amazing species is going to survive for future generations.Scientific classification:

SpeciesA. macao

22. Petrels


Petrels are seabirds that belong to the Procellariiformes order. They come from four families: albatrosses, petrels and shearwaters, as well as two storm petrel families.

Commonly referred to collectively as ‘petrels’, these birds have a long history of being called Tubinares or tubenoses – referring to their distinctive beaks which feature small tubes on either side for them to detect food in dark seawater.

Petrels mainly consume fish, squid and other small marine creatures, but they also feed off carrion when needed.

These waterbirds can fly great distances over open oceans in search of food with no land insight.Scientific classification:

OrderProcellariiformes Fürbringer, 1888

23. Marbled Wood Quail

Marbled wood quail

The marbled wood quail (Odontophorus gujanensis) is a species of bird in the New World quail family, and has an extensive distribution across Central America and northern South America.

This unique species typically inhabits subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, where it can be found hiding among thick vegetation. It was formally described by German naturalist Johann Friedrich in 1789 and is recognizable for its short tail, grey legs and brownish colouring with white spots on its wings.

The marbled wood quail is relatively small compared to other members of the Quails family but what it lacks in size it makes up for with vocalizations; their loud calls are often heard throughout the forest.Scientific classification:

SpeciesO. gujanensis

24. Gould’s Jewelfront

Gould s jewelfront

Gould’s Jewelfront is a medium-sized hummingbird found in tropical and equatorial South America. It has an unusually large range compared to other members of the Heliodoxa family, which likely contributes to its uncommon status.

The bird was named after English ornithologist and artist John Gould who made significant contributions to understanding different species of birds all over the world. 

This majestic little creature has bronze green upperparts with ruby red throat patches on males, while females have grey throats instead.

Both sexes also feature glittering blue crowns and metallic purple wings that give it a unique sparkle when flying around looking for food like small insects or nectar from flowers. A truly fascinating sight.Scientific classification:

SpeciesH. aurescens

25. Crimson-Mantled Woodpecker

Crimson-mantled woodpecker

The Crimson-mantled Woodpecker is a beautiful and unique bird found in Central America, particularly Mexico. It has predominantly red plumage on its back with some black markings along the wings and head which makes it easily identifiable.

Its scientific name, rivolii honours French ornithologist François Victor Masséna who was third Duke of Rivoli and third Prince of Essling. 

The species belongs to the woodpecker family (Picidae) but were formerly placed under genus Piculus before mitochondrial DNA sequencing moved them into Colaptes genus instead.

Interestingly enough, sex determination of this species can be determined by their plumage coloration; males have brighter crimson mantles than females do. All in all, this gorgeous bird is an incredible sight to behold for any birder or nature lover alike.Scientific classification:

SpeciesC. rivolii

26. Magnificent Frigatebird

Magnificent frigatebird

The Magnificent Frigatebird is the largest species of frigatebird, measuring between 89 and 114 cm in length and having a wingspan of 7-8 ft.

It can be found over tropical waters off America from northern Mexico to Peru on the Pacific coast, as well as Florida down south.

Its diet consists mainly of fish they take from other seabirds or snatch directly from the ocean surface while flying low above it.

They also feed on crustaceans and squid when available too.

This impressive bird has an unmistakable silhouette with its long pointed wings, forked tail feathers and male’s red gular pouch which inflates during courtship displays.Scientific classification:

SpeciesF. magnificens

27. Anhinga


Anhinga birds, also called “snakebirds” for their long necks that look like snakes coming out of the water, are large aquatic birds found in wetlands throughout much of the Americas.

These black and white feathered creatures have a wingspan averaging 35-43 inches (90 -110 cm). They spend most of their time swimming or floating on the surface with just their heads visible above the water.

Anhingas hunt by spearing fish underwater using its sharp pointed bill; they then perch to dry off before swallowing them whole. 

The males are larger than females and display brilliant plumage during mating season when both sexes grow striking feathers around their neck and head as part of courtship rituals.

Anhingas nest near bodies of fresh or brackish water where they lay up to 6 eggs at a time which hatch after 25 days incubation period.

28. Stone-Curlew


Stone-curlews, also known as dikkops or thick-knees, are a family of birds that have adapted to live in tropical and temperate regions throughout the world.

They can be found in Africa, Asia and Australia with two or more species per region. Despite being classified as waders, most prefer dry arid habitats over moist wetlands.

Stone-curlews typically have long legs which help them navigate through their preferred terrain efficiently; some species even stand at an impressive height when standing on those long legs.

Additionally they feature cryptic plumage which helps them blend into their surroundings while hunting for prey such as insects and small mammals like rodents.

These unique bird’s calls are easily recognizable; it has been said that hearing one is similar to listening to someone whistling ‘Keee Weee’.Scientific classification:

FamilyBurhinidae Mathews, 1912

29. Heliornithidae


Heliornithidae, commonly known as finfoots, are a small family of tropical birds found in South America and Africa. They have webbed feet like grebes or coots, long necks, slender bodies and broad tails with sharp pointed bills.

Their diverse calls include whistles, squawks and croaks which they use to communicate with each other.

Finfoots feed mainly on fish but also consume insects such as water beetles and dragonflies near the surface of waterbodies.

They nest around rivers or lakes where there is plenty of cover from predators such as eagles or hawks.

During breeding season males can become quite territorial defending their territories against intruders by chasing them off aggressively using loud noises or even physical contact if necessary.Scientific classification:

FamilyHeliornithidae GR Gray, 1840

30. Seedsnipe


Seedsnipes are small wading birds from South America, mainly found in Andean and Patagonian regions. They form two genera – Attagis and Thinocorus – each containing two species.

Seedsnipes live in flocks and have adapted to a herbivorous diet. Although their exact relationship with other families of the Charadriiformes order is unknown, it has been suggested that they may be related to plovers or sandpipers.

These tiny birds feed on vegetation such as grass seeds, buds, shoots and leaves which they find among rocks or sparsely vegetated areas at high altitudes. Their brown-and-white plumage blend perfectly into their environment making them difficult to spot while feeding.Scientific classification:

FamilyThinocoridae Gray, 1845

31. New World Quail

New World quail

New World quail are small birds found in the Americas, from Canada to Brazil. They belong to their own family, Odontophoridae, and have similar appearance and habits as Old World quail which belong to a different family.

New World Quails come in various species such as California Quail and Bobwhite Quail.

These birds have adapted well to human presence due to availability of food resources like agricultural crops.

They also live close together where they form large flocks for safety against predators like foxes or hawks.

The males usually sport colorful feathers during mating season that helps them attract female mates while providing an amazing sight for us viewers.Scientific classification:

FamilyOdontophoridae Gould, 1844

32. Psophia


Psophia is a genus of birds found in South America, and are the only members of the Psophiidae family. They have an unmistakable appearance, with their long legs and necks giving them a chicken-like stature.

Males make loud trumpeting or cackling noises when they feel threatened. The three species range from 45 to 52 centimetres (18 to 20 inches) in length, weighing up to 1.5 kg (2 lbs).

They live mainly in humid forests across the Amazon and Guiana Shield regions, where there is plenty for them forage on such as fruit, insects and small animals like lizards or frogs.

These fascinating creatures play an important role within their environment; helping disperse seeds throughout the forest by eating fruits which contain large quantities of seeds that will eventually be spread elsewhere through defecation.Scientific classification:

FamilyPsophiidae Bonaparte, 1831
GenusPsophia Linnaeus, 1758

33. Stilts And Avocets

Stilts and avocets

Stilts and avocets are two distinct groups of birds belonging to the family Recurvirostridae. They range in length from 30-46 cm (12-18 inches) and weigh between 140 – 435 g (4.9 – 15.3 ounces).

Males usually have slightly larger bodies than females, with long thin legs, necks and bills.

Avocet bills curve upwards uniquely while stilt beaks remain straight most times.

These wading birds live mainly near shorelines or wetlands where they feed on aquatic invertebrates like brine shrimp, insects etc., occasionally supplementing their diet with seeds or small fish too.

Stilts also inhabit open fields in search of food sources such as earthworms or grasshoppers during the non-breeding season.

Both groups migrate over large distances for warmer weathers when it gets cold outside.Scientific classification:

FamilyRecurvirostridae Bonaparte, 1854

34. American Golden Plover

American golden plover

The American golden plover (Pluvialis dominica) is a medium-sized bird, part of the genus Pluvialis which translates to “relating to rain”.

It was named after Santo Domingo in the West Indies and believed that when they flocked, it predicted an upcoming rainfall.

Their nests are lined with spores picked up from their habitat – this also helps protect eggs against predators or parasites.

The birds have distinctive yellow and black plumage, allowing them to stand out amongst other species and making them easier for predators to spot.

They can fly great distances during migration season and inhabit open grasslands as well as arctic tundra regions all over North America throughout different times of year.Scientific classification:

SpeciesP. dominica

35. Red-Billed Tropicbird

Red-billed tropicbird

The Red-billed Tropicbird is a beautiful seabird found in tropical oceans. It has mainly white plumage, with black markings on its wings and back, along with a black mask and red bill.

These birds have distinctive long tail streamers that are twice their body length which they use to help them soar above the ocean surface while searching for food.

They primarily feed off squid, fish and crustaceans that inhabit coral reefs or deep sea areas where they can dive up to 30 meters below the water’s surface.

The Red-billed Tropicbird was once thought of as an omen of bad luck but now it serves as a reminder of how delicate our marine ecosystems are when faced with human activity such as overfishing.Scientific classification:

SpeciesP. aethereus

36. Spot-Fronted Swift

Spot-fronted swift

The Spot-fronted Swift is a species of bird belonging to the subfamily Cypseloidinae of the swift family Apodidae.

It inhabits parts of Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru and Venezuela and measures approximately 14 cm (5.5 in) long with an average weight of 23 g (0.81 oz).

Males and females appear identical being almost entirely blackish brown in colouration except for its distinctive white forehead spot which gives it its name.

These birds feed mainly on insects taken while flying but occasionally visit flowers or catch prey from leaves or branches near water sources such as rivers or small lakes.

They are known to form large flocks during migration periods when travelling great distances northwards each year between breeding grounds and wintering habitats with some pairs even crossing oceans.Scientific classification:

SpeciesC. cherriei

37. Maguari Stork

Maguari stork

The Maguari stork is a large species of stork found in South America. It has similar features to the white stork, but it is slightly larger.

This bird can be identified by its black body with white patches on its wings and tail feathers and yellow legs which contrast against its dark feathers.

The maguari feeds mainly on fish, amphibians, reptiles, crustaceans and insects; they will also scavenge for food when necessary. 

These birds breed during wetland seasons where their nests are made up of sticks or reeds built high above the ground in trees near water bodies such as rivers or swamps.

Their populations have been decreasing due to habitat loss from human activities such as agricultural expansion or deforestation however conservation efforts are being put into place to help protect this unique species so that we may continue enjoy watching these magnificent birds soar through our skies.Scientific classification:

SpeciesC. maguari

38. Rufous-Bellied Seedsnipe

Rufous-bellied seedsnipe

The Rufous-bellied seedsnipe is a shorebird that can be found in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru. It belongs to the suborder Scolopaci of order Charadriiformes and shares its genus with the white-bellied seedsnipe (A.

malouinus). This species has three different subspecies; Attagis gayi albifrons which inhabits western coastal regions of South America from northern Peru to north central Chile; A. g. patagonica located in southern Patagonia between 40°S and 55°S latitude; A.g..gayi living mainly on grassland steppes at higher altitudes within this same region as well as parts of northwestern Argentina near Mendoza province .

The main predators for these birds are skuas and gulls who take advantage when they flush up food during feeding or other disturbances caused by humans or animals nearby them while nesting or breeding season .Scientific classification:

SpeciesA. gayi

39. Horned Screamer

Horned screamer

The Horned screamer is a unique species of bird found in the wetlands of tropical South America. It belongs to the Anhimidae family and is related to ducks, geese and swans, which are all part of the Anatidae family.

The most distinctive feature about this particular species is its large protruding horns on top of its head.

These help them protect themselves from predators as well as make loud calls when they feel threatened or need to alert their flockmates that danger may be near.

They also have powerful legs for swimming through water and can reach speeds up to 40 km/h. 

Despite their small size compared with other members within their families, these birds can live up to 20 years old in captivity which makes them an interesting addition any wildlife enthusiast’s collection.Scientific classification:

GenusAnhima Brisson, 1760
SpeciesA. cornuta

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40. Cape Gannet

Cape gannet

The Cape Gannet is a majestic seabird of the Sulidae family, easily recognised by its large size and striking black-and-white plumage.

Its head and hind neck are strikingly yellow while its pale blue bill is pointed with fine serrations near the tip.

These birds are renowned for their incredible diving abilities; they can plunge up to 25 metres underwater at speeds of over 60 kilometres per hour in pursuit of fish.

The gannets also work together as teams when fishing, creating impressive “bait balls” which draw shoals closer before being devoured.

Their diets mainly consist on small schooling fish such as sardines or anchovies but squid and crustaceans may also be eaten from time to time.

At sea, these remarkable creatures make an unforgettable sight – soaring gracefully above the waves or plunging beneath them in search of food.Scientific classification:

SpeciesM. capensis

41. Flamingos


Anhinga birds, also called “snakebirds” for their long necks that look like snakes coming out of the water, are large aquatic birds found in wetlands throughout much of the Americas.

These black and white feathered creatures have a wingspan averaging 35-43 inches (90 -110 cm). They spend most of their time swimming or floating on the surface with just their heads visible above the water.

Anhingas hunt by spearing fish underwater using its sharp pointed bill; they then perch to dry off before swallowing them whole. 

The males are larger than females and display brilliant plumage during mating season when both sexes grow striking feathers around their neck and head as part of courtship rituals.

Anhingas nest near bodies of fresh or brackish water where they lay up to 6 eggs at a time which hatch after 25 days incubation period.

42. Chilean Skua

Chilean skua

The Chilean skua is a large predatory seabird found in South America. It can be recognized by its dark cap that contrasts with the cinnamon colored throat and lower face.

These birds often wander as far north as Brazil and Peru when not breeding, but are primarily concentrated around Argentina and Chile.

Hybridization between this species of skua and brown skuas has been observed in southern Argentina.

The Chilean Skua measures approximately 55 cm long making it smaller than some other varieties of sea bird, however they make up for their size with aggression towards competitors or intruders near nesting areas.Scientific classification:

SpeciesS. chilensis

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43. Peruvian Pelican

Peruvian pelican

The Peruvian Pelican is a beautiful species of bird native to the western coast of South America. They have dark plumage with a distinctive white stripe that runs from their bill up to the crown and down both sides of their neck.

These majestic birds can be found in Chile, Peru, Ecuador and sometimes even further south. 

They live in colonies near coastal areas where they feed on fish which they catch by diving into the water or scooping them up off the surface using their large bills.

The population is thought to be decreasing due to overfishing, pollution as well as habitat destruction caused by human activities like mining, construction and agricultural development. 

Conservation efforts are needed if we want these magnificent animals around for future generations.Scientific classification:

SpeciesP. thagus

44. Festive Amazon

Festive amazon

The Festive Amazon is a vibrant parrot species located in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana and Venezuela. It inhabits tropical forests near the major rivers of these countries as well as coastal mangroves in Amapá.

This beautiful bird has two subspecies – A. f festiva and A.f amazonica that differ slightly from each other in their physical characteristics such as size and plumage colouration.

The festive amazon measures between 33-35 cm long with its wingspan reaching up to 45cm , making it one of the largest parrots found in South America.

Its signature bright green feathers are complemented by yellow patches on its chest area creating an eye-catching display; truly living up to its name ‘Festive’ .Scientific classification:

SpeciesA. festiva

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45. Scarlet-Shouldered Parrotlet

Scarlet-shouldered parrotlet

The Scarlet-shouldered parrotlet is a species of bird native to South America. It typically measures 16 cm in length and weighs 60g, with its distinguishing physical feature being bright red wings.

These birds are found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru Trinidad and Tobago as well as Venezuela living within subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. They feed on various seeds from plants such fruits and berries which they find near their habitat.

The Scarlet Shoulder Parrotlets tend to live in small flocks made up of family members but also join larger groups during migration season for protection against predators like hawks or owls .Scientific classification:

SpeciesT. huetii

46. Groove-Billed Ani

Groove-billed ani

The Groove-billed ani is a tropical bird belonging to the cuckoo family. It has a long tail and large, curved beak.

This species can be found in many parts of Central America, from southern Texas to northern Colombia and Venezuela, as well as coastal Ecuador and Peru.

In some places it may retreat during colder months but overall they are considered resident birds throughout their range.

They prefer open woodlands near water sources like mangroves or swamps where there plenty of insects for them to feed on such as grasshoppers and beetles.

The beautiful coloration of this species ranges from blackish brown with orange spots on its wings that give way to bright blue feathers at the end of its tail making it quite striking.Scientific classification:

SpeciesC. sulcirostris

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47. White-Throated Toucan

White-throated toucan

The White-throated toucan is an exotic bird found in the Amazon Basin, with its range extending to parts of Tocantins and Araguaia River.

It inhabits tropical humid forests as well as woodlands and cerrado areas near rivers.

This colorful bird was formally described by Swedish naturalist Carl von Linne in 1758, who gave it the scientific name ‘Ramphastos tucanus’.

The most distinctive feature of this species is its huge bill which measures from 14 cm to 20 cm long.

Its plumage consists mainly of black feathers with white throat patches on either side; red undertail coverts are also present.

In addition, they have a loud call consisting of three notes: “kow”, “tak” or “keh”. These amazing birds feed mostly on fruits but occasionally consume insects too.

All these features make them stand out amongst other birds.Scientific classification:

SpeciesR. tucanus

48. Rufous Potoo

Rufous potoo

The Rufous Potoo is a species of bird found in South America. It is the only member of its genus, Phyllaemulor, and belongs to the Nyctibiidae family. This nocturnal creature can be identified by its unique plumage which includes reddish brown upperparts with black bars on wings and tail feathers.

Its lower parts are white or pale grey with barring on flanks and chest area. The rufous potoo feeds mainly on insects such as moths, beetles, crickets and other arthropods that it catches mid-air while flying from one perch to another at night time using its long bill for hunting prey items.

Its voice consists of loud whistles that echo through jungle nights making it easy to identify this solitary birds call for miles around.Scientific classification:

GenusPhyllaemulor Costa, Whitney, Braun, White, Silveira & Cleere, 2018
SpeciesP. bracteatus

49. Masked Trogon

Masked trogon

The Masked Trogon (Trogon personatus) is a species of bird belonging to the family Trogonidae. It’s quite common in humid highland forests across South America, particularly in Andes and tepuis mountain ranges.

There are 8 recognized subspecies of this magnificent creature which has an average length of 27 cm and masss 56 grams with distinct sexual dimorphism. 

This beautiful bird typically displays shades of green, blue-grey with its vivid yellow breast that serves as their distinguishing feature among other birds.

Their diet consists mainly on various insects but they also feed upon small vertebrates such as geckos or lizards if available. The masked trogons frequent solitary life while at times can be seen perching on tree tops alone – making them easy to spot by nature enthusiasts.Scientific classification:

SpeciesT. personatus

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