Hyōgo, a prefecture in Japan, boasts an incredible diversity of birdlife. Nestled between the Sea of Japan and the Seto Inland Sea, and with varied mountain ranges and forests, this region is home to over 400 species of birds.
From migratory birds to endemic species, birds in Hyōgo offer a fascinating insight into the region's natural richness. With its favorable weather conditions and varied landscape, the prefecture attracts bird lovers from all around the world.
This article aims to provide an overview of Hyōgo's birds, highlighting some of the most fascinating and noteworthy species that call this region home.
1. Japanese pygmy woodpecker
The Japanese pygmy woodpecker (Yungipicus kizuki) is a small species of woodpecker found in forests in Russia, China, Korea and Japan. It was first described by Temminck back in the 1800s.
This bird generally lives within coniferous or deciduous trees and primarily feeds on insects like ants that it finds under bark or on dead branches.
Its plumage consists mainly of black wings with white patches along its shoulder as well as an orange-red crown to differentiate males from females which lack this trait.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed this species as least concern due to their wide range across several countries.
They are quite common though rarely seen outside heavily forested areas due to their size and natural shyness around peopleScientific classification:
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2. Brown-eared bulbul
The Brown-eared Bulbul is a medium-sized bird native to eastern Asia. Its range stretches from southern Sakhalin to the northern Philippines, and it can be found in abundance throughout its habitat.
The species was initially classified as part of the Turdus genus before being reclassified into other genera over time - most recently Microscelis.
These birds are characterized by their unique brown ear tufts, which have earned them their common name.
They typically measure around 20 cm long with greyish olive colored feathers covering much of their body except for white underparts and wings marked with black bars on each feather.
Their diet consists mainly of insects but they also feed on fruits such as berries when available in addition to some small invertebrates like beetles or caterpillars.
With an impressive vocal range that includes both calls and songs, these birds make great additions to any garden or aviary.Scientific classification:
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3. Warbling white-eye
The Warbling White-Eye is a small passerine bird of the white-eye family, found in East Asia from Russia to Japan, Indonesia, Korea and the Philippines.
With its distinct yellow forehead and olive back it stands out amongst other birds. Its beady black eyes are surrounded by bright white rings which gives it an alert appearance.
It has a distinctive warble that can be heard during breeding season when they form large flocks in search for food or shelter.
During winter months these flocks disperse into smaller groups making them quite elusive at times but never far away.
This beautiful little bird is an important part of many local ecosystems so we should take time to appreciate their beauty while protecting them from potential threats like habitat destruction and climate change.Scientific classification:
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4. Pacific reef heron
The Pacific reef heron is a species of heron found throughout Southern Asia and Oceania. It has two distinct colour morphs, one with slaty grey plumage and the other fully white.
This bird is easily identifiable by its long legs and yellow bill which are used to forage in shallow water bodies.
The sexes look alike except for minor differences such as size or body shape.
They feed on small fish, amphibians, crustaceans and molluscs that they find near reefs or mangroves where they roost during day time hours often preening their feathers if disturbed by predators like hawks or eagles .
When breeding season arrives these birds become more vocal using loud honking calls to attract mates before settling down into nests built among trees around wetlands or coastal areas.Scientific classification:
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5. Common greenshank
The Common Greenshank is a type of wader, belonging to the large family Scolopacidae. It's name originates from Aldrovandus in 1599, and references Aristotle's ancient Greek work which mentions a thrush-sized bird with white rump and tail bobbing.
Its scientific name "nebularia" actually means mist. This small bird can be found near wetlands or marshes throughout Europe and Asia - it has even been spotted as far south as Africa.
They are known for their long legs that allow them to easily traverse shallow water while searching for food like insects, crustaceans, mollusks or worms.
The Common Greenshank is an interesting species whose beauty should not go unnoticed by any nature enthusiast.Scientific classification:
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6. Oriental stork
The Oriental stork is a majestic bird belonging to the family Ciconiidae. It has white plumage and black wing feathers, making it easily distinguishable from other species of birds.
With an average size of 100-129 cm, they are bigger than their European White Stork cousins. Found in Japan and Korea primarily, the first sighting was reported by Robert Swinhoe in 1873.
They inhabit wetland ecosystems such as riverbanks or marshes where they feed on fish, amphibians and reptiles which makes them effective pest controllers for farmers.
Despite being listed as endangered due to habitat loss & illegal hunting practices, conservation efforts have helped populations increase significantly over recent years - allowing us all to enjoy these beautiful creatures.Scientific classification:
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7. Grey-tailed tattler
The Grey-tailed Tattler is a small shorebird belonging to the genus Tringa. It has an unmistakable noisy call, which gives it its name.
These birds are found in coastal areas of Siberia and Polynesia, as well as some other places around Asia and Australia.
They have mottled grey plumage with darker wings, white bellies and long yellow legs; they also have distinctive black stripes on their necks that run down onto their chests.
The Grey-tailed Tattler feeds mainly on aquatic insects or worms at low tide but will sometimes take seeds from plants when available too.
During breeding season these birds nest near water bodies such as rivers or creeks in shallow depressions lined with leaves made by both parents who then share incubation duties for about three weeks until the eggs hatch after which time both males and females help raise young chicks before they fledge within about 30 days of hatching.Scientific classification:
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8. Black-tailed gull
The black-tailed gull is a medium sized bird native to the shorelines of East Asia. It has yellow legs and a red and black spot at the end of its bill, distinguishing it from other species in the area.
Males are larger than females but both have identical features otherwise; males measuring 46 cm tall with wingspans between 126 - 128 cm wide, while females typically measure smaller than this.
This type of gull takes four years to reach full maturity when they become white headed adults for breeding season which occurs annually in May or June.
They usually lay two eggs during that time and can be seen flying around coasts all over East Asia even outside their mating period.Scientific classification:
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9. Grey-faced buzzard
The Grey-faced Buzzard is a small raptor that can be found in Manchuria, Korea, and Japan. It is known for its grey head, neck, and breast, and its white throat.
The adult buzzard also has distinctive black moustaches and mesial stripes, adding to its unique appearance.
This bird of prey feeds on lizards, small mammals, and large insects and can often be seen in open land areas.
During the winter months, the Grey-faced Buzzard can be found in Southeast Asia. Despite its small size, this bird is a formidable predator and an important part of the ecosystem in its native range.Scientific classification:
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10. Pale thrush
The pale thrush is a passerine bird found in the eastern Palearctic region. It is closely related to the eye-browed thrush and grey-backed thrush.
Measuring 23 cm long, it has pale pinkish-brown feet and a grey bill above, which is yellow below.
The male has a brown upper body with a blue-grey head and throat, while the underparts are pale brown.
This bird's plumage helps it blend in with its environment, making it hard to spot. It feeds on insects, worms, and berries, often searching for food on the ground.
These birds have a melodious song and are known for their pleasant calls. The pale thrush is a migratory bird, and its breeding season lasts from May to July.
Despite being a common species, habitat destruction and hunting threaten its population, and conservation measures are necessary to ensure its survival.Scientific classification:
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