Nauru, a small island country located in the Pacific Ocean, is home to a vast variety of unique and beautiful bird species. Despite being just 21 square kilometers in area, Nauru offers a diverse range of habitats for these avian creatures, including lush forests, lagoons, and coral reefs.
The island’s geographic isolation and lack of predators have contributed to the evolution of a distinct range of bird species over time. The island's endemic birds have fascinated wildlife enthusiasts and birdwatchers for generations.
With its extraordinary birdlife, Nauru is an exciting destination for anyone interested in birds and nature.
In this article, we will delve deeper into Nauru's fascinating bird species, their characteristics, and their habitat.
1. Pacific reef heron
The Pacific reef heron is a species of heron found throughout Southern Asia and Oceania. It has two distinct colour morphs, one with slaty grey plumage and the other fully white.
This bird is easily identifiable by its long legs and yellow bill which are used to forage in shallow water bodies.
The sexes look alike except for minor differences such as size or body shape.
They feed on small fish, amphibians, crustaceans and molluscs that they find near reefs or mangroves where they roost during day time hours often preening their feathers if disturbed by predators like hawks or eagles .
When breeding season arrives these birds become more vocal using loud honking calls to attract mates before settling down into nests built among trees around wetlands or coastal areas.Scientific classification:
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Procellariidae is a diverse family of seabirds belonging to the bird order Procellariiformes.
These birds are commonly referred to as tubenoses and include fulmarine petrels, gadfly petrels, diving petrels, prions, and shearwaters.
They range in size from the small storm-petrel which measures around 18cm long to the giant albatross which can reach up to 3 meters in length.
Generally found near oceans or coasts where they feed on fish as well as squid and other marine life depending on species.
Many procellariids will also nest inland during breeding season before returning back out at sea for most of their lives.
Their wings have specially adapted feathers that give them incredible gliding abilities allowing them literally fly with minimal effort over vast distances across oceanic regionsScientific classification:
|Family||Procellariidae Leach, 1820|
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3. Lesser sand plover
The Lesser Sand Plover is a small wader bird belonging to the plover family. It has yellowish-brown upperparts and white underparts, with a distinct black band across its chest and whitish forehead.
Its wings are short but powerful, allowing it to cover large distances in search of food such as insects, worms or crustaceans found on muddy beaches or shallow lagoons near coasts.
The species prefers habitats with low vegetation like sandy deserts, coastal dunes and salt flats where they can hide among the sand grains while foraging for food during their migrations between Africa and Asia.
These birds form monogamous pairs that breed annually in springtime; nests consist of scrapes made on the ground lined with pebbles or shells carefully arranged by both parents who will vigorously defend them against predators until chicks fledge after about four weeks from hatching.Scientific classification:
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4. Red-tailed tropicbird
The Red-tailed Tropicbird is an exotic seabird found in tropical areas of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It has a striking appearance, with mostly white feathers and a black mask covering its eyes.
Its bill is bright red, making it stand out against its pale plumage. Both males and females have similar looks to one another - unlike many other birds species where the male looks significantly different from that of the female.
Described by Pieter Boddaert in 1783, this impressive bird can be seen soaring through tropical skies looking for food either alone or within small flocks made up of several individuals at once.Scientific classification:
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5. Collared petrel
The Collared Petrel is a species of seabird belonging to the Procellariidae family. It can be found in Fiji, where it breeds on Gau Island and possibly other islands, as well as potentially breeding in Vanuatu, Cook Islands and Solomon Islands.
Its plumage predominantly consists of greyish-brown colouring with white underparts and collar around its neck; this gives them their name ‘Collared’ petrels.
They are known to migrate over long distances out at sea during winter months before returning home for the summer season when they breed between August – April.
These birds feed primarily upon squid but also take small fish from surface waters or deeper depths depending on availability/seasonality.
Although not endangered yet conservation efforts need to continue so that these beautiful birds remain protected within our environment.Scientific classification:
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6. Micronesian imperial pigeon
The Micronesian imperial pigeon is a bird species found in Palau, the Caroline Islands, the Marshall Islands and Nauru.
It has various habitats such as montane forests, secondary forests, beach-side forests and mangroves.
Unfortunately this beautiful creature is threatened by hunting and deforestation due to human activities. The IUCN have assessed it with "Near Threatened" status for its conservation priority levels.
This large sized bird can be seen flying around during dusk or dawn time periods in search of food like fruits from trees close by their habitat locations.
If we are able to protect its natural environment then this magnificent specie will continue living peacefully without any disturbances while appreciating nature's beauty.Scientific classification:
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7. Black-naped tern
The beautiful Black-naped Tern is a seabird found in tropical and subtropical areas of the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
These terns measure around 30 cm long, with a wing span of 21 to 23 cm, black beaks and legs, yellow bill tips, long forked tails and white faces.
The breast has grayish-white feathers that extend down its back - forming an elegant nape hence their name.
They are rarely seen inland but they can stay close to coastal waters or even venture further out depending on seasonal changes.
Their diet consists mainly of fish which they hunt from above by hovering before plunging into the sea at high speed after prey. They also feed on crustaceans sometimes too.
All in all these birds have an interesting lifestyle; incredibly graceful when airborne yet ferocious hunters underwater making them quite a sight.Scientific classification:
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8. Pacific long-tailed cuckoo
The Pacific long-tailed cuckoo is a species of bird from the Cuculidae family. It is found only in New Zealand, where it breeds during spring and summer before migrating to various Pacific islands for its winter season.
This bird has many names such as sparrow hawk, home owl, screecher or koekoeā in Māori.
The most distinctive feature about this species are their elongated tails which can measure up to 16 cm long.
They are also brood parasites meaning they will lay eggs in other birds' nests then rely on them to raise their young without any parental help from themselves.
Despite these traits however, they still make beautiful additions to our avian population with their melodious calls that echo through the forests each morning and night.Scientific classification:
|Genus||Urodynamis Vigors & Horsfield, 1826|
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9. Black noddy
The Black Noddy bird is a medium-sized member of the Laridae family, identifiable by its black plumage and white cap.
It closely resembles the Lesser Noddy but has slightly darker feathers with dark lores instead of pale ones.
The species was first formally described in 1758, although it was previously considered to be part of Anous tenuirostris before being identified as a separate species.
They are usually found near tropical oceans or islands where they forage for food such as crustaceans, mollusks and insects during the day.
At night, they roost on trees or shrubs close to shorelines while avoiding larger predators like sea eagles.
During breeding season females lay single eggs which both parents protect until hatching takes place around four weeks later.Scientific classification:
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10. Grey-tailed tattler
The Grey-tailed Tattler is a small shorebird belonging to the genus Tringa. It has an unmistakable noisy call, which gives it its name.
These birds are found in coastal areas of Siberia and Polynesia, as well as some other places around Asia and Australia.
They have mottled grey plumage with darker wings, white bellies and long yellow legs; they also have distinctive black stripes on their necks that run down onto their chests.
The Grey-tailed Tattler feeds mainly on aquatic insects or worms at low tide but will sometimes take seeds from plants when available too.
During breeding season these birds nest near water bodies such as rivers or creeks in shallow depressions lined with leaves made by both parents who then share incubation duties for about three weeks until the eggs hatch after which time both males and females help raise young chicks before they fledge within about 30 days of hatching.Scientific classification:
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11. Sharp-tailed sandpiper
The Sharp-tailed sandpiper is a small wader bird that may belong in the Philomachus genus as P. acuminatus.
This would place it with the Ruff bird, however, it would also need to make room for the Broad-billed sandpiper.
This bird is unique among calidrid species, but it is uncertain whether it will be merged into the Philomachus genus along with the Sharp-tailed sandpiper.Scientific classification:
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