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8 Common Birds In Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island, or PEI, is a small island province located in eastern Canada. It is known for its stunning natural beauty, sandy beaches, and delicious seafood.

But, one of the most fascinating aspects of this province is its diverse bird population. PEI is home to a variety of bird species that thrive in its wetlands, forests, and coastal areas.

From the majestic Bald Eagle soaring high above to the bright and colorful Warblers flitting amongst the trees, there is no shortage of enchanting feathered friends to be found on this island.

In this article, we will explore some of the most interesting and unique birds that call Prince Edward Island their home.

1. Dunlin


The Dunlin is a small wader, formerly known as part of the stint family. It has dull brown feathers and its name is derived from the dialect word “dunling”.

This bird breeds in Arctic or subarctic regions during summer months, but migrates to warmer climates during winter.

The Dunlin feeds on insects and invertebrates which it finds in mudflats and shallow waters.

During breeding season they form large flocks that can contain thousands of birds. They are also well-known for their impressive synchronized flight patterns that look like a wave moving through the sky.Scientific classification:

SpeciesC. alpina

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2. Northern Storm Petrels

Northern storm petrels

Northern storm petrels are one of the smallest seabirds, inhabiting oceans all over the world.

They have a unique ability to hover over water and pick planktonic crustaceans and small fish from the surface.

Northern storm petrels belong to the genus Hydrobates in family Hydrobatidae, part of Procellariiformes order.

This species was once lumped with austral storm petrel but recent studies show that they weren’t related closely which led them being split into two distinct species now.

These birds can be identified by their dark grey upperparts and wings along with white underparts when seen from afar while feeding on ocean’s surface.Scientific classification:

FamilyHydrobatidae Mathews, 1912
GenusHydrobates F. Boie, 1822

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3. Cuckoos


Cuckoos are fascinating birds belonging to the Cuculidae family, which is the only taxon in the order of Cuculiformes.

There are many different species within this family such as common or European cuckoo, roadrunners, koels, malkohas, couas and anis.

Some of these species may even be identified as separate families – Centropodidae and Crotophagidae respectively.

These birds have been known for their unique features such as loud calls heard consistently during certain times of day and night.

They also exhibit behavior like brood parasitism where they lay eggs in other nests so that their chicks can get more food from host parents than its own.

All these traits make them one-of-a-kind creatures worth admiring.Scientific classification:

OrderCuculiformes Wagler, 1830
FamilyCuculidae Leach, 1820

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4. Turkey Vulture

Turkey vulture

The turkey vulture is a large bird of prey that can be found in many parts of the world. It has a wingspan of up to 6 feet and its feathers are mostly black with brownish-red patches on the underside which give it an overall dark red appearance.

Its head is bald, which helps protect it from getting overheated when flying long distances looking for food.

The Turkey Vulture usually feeds off carrion but will also feed on fruit and insects.

Its keen eyesight allows them to spot potential meals from miles away while they soar through the sky using their broad wings and thermal air currents to stay aloft without expending much energy.

They are very important scavengers as they keep ecosystems healthy by consuming dead animals before disease can spread amongst living creatures or contaminate local water sources like rivers or lakesScientific classification:

SpeciesC. aura

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5. Lesser Yellowlegs

Lesser yellowlegs

The Lesser Yellowlegs is a medium-sized shorebird found in the boreal forest region of North America.

It was described by German naturalist Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1789 and placed it into the genus Scolopax.

This species has buff upperparts, white underparts, yellow legs and feet, olive green wings with white edges on its secondaries and tertials as well as a thin black bill which curves downward towards its tip.

The male lesser yellowlegs are slightly larger than females and can be distinguished from other waders due to their unique call; they will often make loud “tchew” or “churr” noises when alarmed during breeding season.

They typically feed on small aquatic insects such as beetles, flies, moths etc., but may also eat crustaceans such as shrimp or water snails if available.Scientific classification:

SpeciesT. flavipes

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6. Tyrant Flycatchers

Tyrant flycatchers

Tyrant flycatchers are a family of birds found in North and South America, containing over 400 species. These birds come in an array of shapes and sizes, with vibrant plumage to match.

They�re the most diverse avian family across all countries they inhabit except for the United States and Canada.

Their diet consists mainly of insects but also includes small reptiles or amphibians where available.

The behavior varies between each bird; some prefer open areas while others like dense forests as their habitat � many even migrate regularly.

Tyrant Flycatchers have adapted well to human presence thanks to the abundance of food sources that often accompany it � such as backyards, parks etc..

All things considered these incredible creatures are truly amazing.Scientific classification:

FamilyTyrannidae Vigors, 1825

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7. Canada Warbler

Canada warbler

The Canada warbler is a small songbird of the Parulidae family, native to North America. It has olive-green upper parts with yellow underparts and white wing bars, making it easily identifiable.

During summer months they are found in Canada and northeastern United States while during winter their range extends to northern South America.

Mathurin Jacques Brisson was the first to describe this species in 1760 after he collected a specimen from Canada; which resulted in its French name Le gobe-mouche du Canada (Canada’s flycatcher).

Its diet consists mainly of insects such as beetles and mosquitoes, but also includes berries occassionally.

With an estimated population of 5 million individuals they remain common across much of their range although numbers have been declining due to habitat loss caused by human development activities like logging or agricultural expansion.Scientific classification:

SpeciesC. canadensis

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8. Eastern Wood Pewee

Eastern wood pewee

The Eastern Wood Pewee (Contopus virens) is an iconic bird of North America, easily identified by its distinctive call.

It was formerly considered a single species with the Western Wood Pewee until Mathurin Jacques Brisson included it in his 1760 description as two distinct birds.

The Eastern and Western varieties share almost identical appearances but can be differentiated most clearly through their calls – the former’s being more musical with higher pitched notes than that of its counterpart.

Its diet consists mainly of insects caught mid-flight or from foliage perches; however, it will also consume some fruits during breeding season to supplement this nutrition.

Overall, they make a beautiful addition to any backyard habitat.Scientific classification:

SpeciesC. virens

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