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51 Birds Of Sweden

Sweden is a beautiful country located in Northern Europe that is blessed with a variety of natural landscapes, from vast forests to beautiful archipelagos.

It is also a wonderful destination for birdwatching enthusiasts, thanks to the diverse range of bird species found there. With over 500 recorded species of birds, including vibrant plumages and enchanting calls, bird lovers will be spoiled for choice in Sweden.

Here, we will discover some of the most popular birds that make Sweden their home. Whether you’re a seasoned birder or a novice, Sweden’s incredible avian population offers a special and unforgettable experience.

1. Phasianidae


The Phasianidae family of birds is one that contains many popular gamebirds, with a total of 185 species divided across 54 genera.

These heavy ground-living birds include pheasants, partridges, junglefowl, chickens, and turkeys among others like Old World quail and peafowl.

This large family was formerly split into two subfamilies known as the Phasianinae and Perdicinae but this classification has since been changed to reflect more current scientific findings on them.

All these different types of birds have certain things in common such as their strong legs for scratching through leaves or soil looking for food items including insects, seeds, and other vegetation which makes up most of their diet.

They also all tend to be quite colorful in order to attract mates during breeding season when males will often display vibrant feathers or do dances around females in an attempt at courtship ritual displays.

The majority are monogamous creatures too although some may form short-term pair bonds before going off alone again once mating has taken place – either way.

There tends to be very little parental care given by adults after eggs have hatched so chicks need to fend for themselves right away.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Galliformes
Superfamily Phasianoidea
Family Phasianidae Horsfield, 1821

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2. Gulls


Gulls are a type of seabird in the family Laridae found worldwide. They are highly adaptable, often seen soaring above shorelines or near bodies of water.

Gulls have strong wings and long bills and vary greatly in size, colouration and behaviour from one species to another.

Some gull species feed on fish while others scavenge for food such as insects, small mammals or discarded human refuse.

Despite their different dietary habits they all share common traits including webbed feet which enable them to swim gracefully through the water after prey items like crabs or molluscs.

Gulls generally nest close to the shoreline where there is an abundance of available food sources making them excellent hunters that can live comfortably both on land and at sea.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Charadriiformes
Suborder Lari
Family Laridae Rafinesque, 1815

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3. Sandgrouse


Sandgrouse is birds of the order Pterocliformes, found mainly in Africa and Asia. There are sixteen species belonging to two genera – Syrrhaptes from central Asia and Pterocles from Africa and other Asian countries.

They inhabit treeless areas such as deserts, steppes, scrubland, or savannas and tend to be ground-dwelling birds that feed on seeds.

Sandgrouse has adapted special features for survival in their harsh environment.

They possess well-developed feet with four toes used for walking over hot sand while keeping their body temperature cool at all times by regulating heat loss through their legs.

Their feathers also act like a sponge helping them absorb water before flying long distances back home where they then expel it using specialized glandular secretions located near the wings so that chicks can drink directly from an adult’s breast plumage.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Clade Columbimorphae
Order Pterocliformes Huxley, 1868
Family Pteroclidae Bonaparte, 1831

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4. Plovers


Plovers are a family of around 64-68 species of ground-dwelling birds, commonly found in open country such as fields, meadows and tundras.

They have short bills with webbed feet to help them forage through mud or shallow water.

Plover plumage is usually mottled brown though some species may have brighter colors on the head and wings.

These birds feed mainly on insects but can also eat small crustaceans and worms.

Plovers breed during springtime when they dig holes in sandy or pebbled beaches to lay their eggs which hatch after about 3 weeks incubation period.

They use distraction display behaviour by pretending an injury to the predators away from their nests if needed for protecting their young ones.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Charadriiformes
Family Charadriidae Leach, 1820

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5. Stilts And Avocets

Stilts and avocets

Stilts and avocets are two distinct groups of birds belonging to the family Recurvirostridae. They range in length from 30-46 cm (12-18 inches) and weigh between 140 – 435 g (4.9 – 15.3 ounces).

Males usually have slightly larger bodies than females, with long thin legs, necks and bills.

Avocet bills curve upwards uniquely while stilt beaks remain straight most times.

These wading birds live mainly near shorelines or wetlands where they feed on aquatic invertebrates like brine shrimp, insects etc., occasionally supplementing their diet with seeds or small fish too.

Stilts also inhabit open fields in search of food sources such as earthworms or grasshoppers during the non-breeding season.

Both groups migrate over large distances for warmer weathers when it gets cold outside.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Charadriiformes
Suborder Charadrii
Family Recurvirostridae Bonaparte, 1854

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6. Glareolidae


Glareolidae is a family of wading birds, consisting of four genera and 17 species. They are distinguished from other charadrii by their long bills which have a slight downward curve.

Glareolidae live around open grasslands and deserts, where they hunt for insects using the bill to probe into soil or vegetation.

Most species are found in Africa but two pratincoles inhabit parts of Europe and Asia as well.

Coursers tend to be larger than pratincoles with longer legs allowing them to run quickly across sandy dunes while feeding on small animals like lizards or spiders.

Pratincoles feed mainly on flying insects, snatching them out of midair with great agility during flight.

All glareolids share unique features such as large eyes that help it spot prey at night easily making this group one interesting bird family.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Charadriiformes
Suborder Lari
Family Glareolidae CL Brehm, 1831

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7. Bustard


Bustards are large, terrestrial birds that inhabit dry grassland areas and the steppes of the Old World. They range from 40-150 cm in length and belong to the family Otididae.

Bustards have an omnivorous diet consisting of leaves, buds, seeds, fruit as well as small vertebrates and invertebrates.

These birds usually live a solitary life but can be seen gathering around water sources or food during certain times of year such as mating season.

Due to their large size they are vulnerable to predation by foxes or other animals which is why they tend to remain alert at all times.

When in open spaces while relying on camouflage for protection against predators when out in tall vegetation coverings.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Clade Otidimorphae
Order Otidiformes Wagler, 1830
Family Otididae Rafinesque, 1815

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8. Thrush


Thrushes are small to medium-sized birds belonging to the Turdidae family, and found all over the world. They live on or near the ground and feed on insects, other invertebrates and fruit.

Their feathers range from greyish browns to deep blues in colour with spotted wings that help them blend into their natural habitats such as forests, woodlands and shrubs.

Thrushes have distinctive songs which they sing during spring mating season; many species also perform complex flight displays for courtship rituals.

These birds may be solitary creatures but can often be seen foraging together in groups or pairs when searching for food sources like worms, snails or berries.

A healthy thrush population is an indication of a balanced environment since they require clean water sources as well as plenty of vegetation cover – making them important indicators of ecosystem health worldwide.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Suborder Passeri
Family Turdidae Rafinesque, 1815

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9. Peregrine Falcon

Peregrine falcon

The Peregrine Falcon is a majestic bird of prey belonging to the family Falconidae. It has a blue-grey back, barred white underparts and black head making it easily recognizable.

This intelligent raptor is known for its incredible speed reaching over 320 km/h (200 mph) during hunting dives – one of the fastest animals in existence.

The peregrine falcon can be found around the world from Arctic tundra to tropical rainforests thriving with humans or in high alpine mountains far away from civilization.

With their beauty, power and adaptability they are an impressive species that have earned respect among many cultures throughout history as symbols of strength and endurance.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Falconiformes
Family Falconidae
Genus Falco
Species F. peregrinus

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10. Osprey


The Osprey is a majestic bird of prey with an incredibly wide habitat range. It has distinctive brown upperparts and greyish head and underparts, making it easily identifiable in the skies above many regions across the world.

With a wingspan of up to 180cm (71in) and body length reaching 60cm (24in), this large raptor specializes in hunting for fish, soaring high over rivers as well as coasts searching for its next meal.

Despite living near water sources, they can also be found inhabiting mountainsides or even woodlands, proving their incredible adaptability. An impressive species that truly deserves admiration.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Accipitriformes
Family Pandionidae
Genus Pandion
Species P. haliaetus

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11. Shorebirds


Shorebirds, a diverse group of birds in the Charadriiformes order, are found near water on every continent except Antarctica.

These small to medium-sized birds feed mainly on invertebrates and other small animals but can also be pelagic seabirds or inhabit deserts.

Shorebirds use their long bills to probe mudflats for food like worms and mollusks while some species plunge into the ocean’s depths in search of crustaceans such as crabs and shrimp.

They have strong legs equipped with webbed feet which allow them to move quickly when searching for prey across wetlands, sandbars, beaches and swamps.

Their feathers make them well adapted to life by land or sea due to its hydrophobic nature which helps reduce drag during swimming or flying through windy conditions making it easier for shorebirds survive tough environments around the world.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Infraclass Neognathae
Clade Neoaves
Clade Gruimorphae
Order Charadriiformes Huxley, 1867

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12. Northern Storm Petrels

Northern storm petrels

Northern storm petrels are one of the smallest seabirds, inhabiting oceans all over the world.

They have a unique ability to hover over water and pick planktonic crustaceans and small fish from the surface.

Northern storm petrels belong to the genus Hydrobates in family Hydrobatidae, part of Procellariiformes order.

This species was once lumped with austral storm petrel but recent studies show that they weren’t related closely which led them being split into two distinct species now.

These birds can be identified by their dark grey upperparts and wings along with white underparts when seen from afar while feeding on ocean’s surface.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Procellariiformes
Family Hydrobatidae Mathews, 1912
Genus Hydrobates F. Boie, 1822

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13. Stone-Curlew


Stone-curlews, also known as dikkops or thick-knees, are a family of birds that have adapted to live in tropical and temperate regions throughout the world.

They can be found in Africa, Asia and Australia with two or more species per region. Despite being classified as waders, most prefer dry arid habitats over moist wetlands.

Stone-curlews typically have long legs which help them navigate through their preferred terrain efficiently; some species even stand at an impressive height when standing on those long legs.

Additionally they feature cryptic plumage which helps them blend into their surroundings while hunting for prey such as insects and small mammals like rodents.

These unique bird’s calls are easily recognizable; it has been said that hearing one is similar to listening to someone whistling ‘Keee Weee’.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Charadriiformes
Suborder Chionidi
Family Burhinidae Mathews, 1912

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14. Bee-Eater


Bee-eaters are one of the most beautiful and vibrant birds in existence. They have a slender body, long wings, down turned bills and their signature elongated central tail feathers which make them instantly recognizable from afar.

Their plumage is incredibly colorful with many shades ranging from blues to greens to reds that glisten when they fly through the air.

These stunning creatures can be found all over Africa, Asia, Southern Europe, Australia and New Guinea where they feed mainly on bees but also other insects like flies or wasps as well as small mammals such as lizards or rodents.

Bee-eaters live in colonies near rivers or wetlands so that they may easily hunt for food while staying close together for safety purposes.

 Additionally it allows them to better display their impressive courtship dances during mating season.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Coraciiformes
Family Meropidae Rafinesque, 1815

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15. Cuckoos


Cuckoos are fascinating birds belonging to the Cuculidae family, which is the only taxon in the order of Cuculiformes.

There are many different species within this family such as common or European cuckoo, roadrunners, koels, malkohas, couas and anis.

Some of these species may even be identified as separate families – Centropodidae and Crotophagidae respectively.

These birds have been known for their unique features such as loud calls heard consistently during certain times of day and night.

They also exhibit behavior like brood parasitism where they lay eggs in other nests so that their chicks can get more food from host parents than its own.

All these traits make them one-of-a-kind creatures worth admiring.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Clade Otidimorphae
Order Cuculiformes Wagler, 1830
Family Cuculidae Leach, 1820

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16. Ducks


Ducks are water birds belonging to the family of Anatidae. They have a worldwide distribution except Antarctica and are highly adapted for swimming, floating on water surface or in shallow depths.

Ducks come in various sizes ranging from small teals to large swans with around 174 species found across 43 genera.

Their feathers make them waterproof enabling ducks to stay afloat even in stormy waters while their webbed feet allow them to swim gracefully underwater.

Ducks usually feed by filtering food items such as insects, molluscs and crustaceans through their bills but some also graze on land vegetation like grasses & grains depending upon availability of resources at different locations they inhabit.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Anseriformes
Suborder Anseres
Superfamily Anatoidea
Family Anatidae Leach, 1820

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17. Accipitridae


Accipitridae birds are a diverse family of raptors ranging in size from small to large. They have powerful hooked beaks which they use for hunting and tearing apart their prey, such as insects, medium-sized mammals and carrion.

Some species even feed on fruit. These birds can be found all over the world, making them an incredibly successful group of predators.

Accipitridae are adaptable hunters with keen eyesight that helps them spot potential meals from far away distances.

Their sharp talons assist them in grasping onto their victims while feeding or defending themselves against enemies.

Not only do these avian creatures provide us with visual beauty but also help keep our ecosystems healthy by keeping pest populations under control.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Accipitriformes
Family Accipitridae Vieillot, 1816

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18. Yellowhammer


The Yellowhammer is a beautiful bird native to Eurasia and introduced in New Zealand and Australia. It belongs to the bunting family, with males having bright yellow heads, streaked brown backs, chests and bellies.

The females are more drab-colored but just as stunning. They usually remain in the breeding range year round except for eastern subspecies which migrate south during winter months. 

These birds feed on insects such as beetles or grasshoppers along with fruits like cherries or pears when they can find them.

When threatened by predators they have a habit of running instead of flying away – this often helps them avoid being noticed quickly.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Family Emberizidae
Genus Emberiza
Species E. citrinella

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19. Crow Family

Crow family

The Crow family is a cosmopolitan group of birds that contains crows, ravens, rooks, jackdaws, jays, magpies and more.

Altogether there are 133 members in this bird family which all share similar characteristics such as large beaks and feet.

The genus Corvus alone makes up over a third of the entire crow family population with species like the common crow or blackbird being some of its most recognizable members.

All these birds have strong social bonds so they often travel in groups to find food sources or build nests together for protection against predators.

With their intelligence and adaptation skills they are able to survive almost anywhere on Earth from mountains to cities making them one of the world’s most successful families of avian creaturesScientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Superfamily Corvoidea
Family Corvidae Leach, 1820

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20. Grebes


Grebes are a type of diving bird found in freshwater habitats around the world. They belong to the order Podicipediformes and have 22 species that exist across six genera.

Some species can also be found in marine environments during their migration or winter season, and some even live flightless lives on stable lakes.

Grebes vary greatly between regions; for example, they range from 4-32 inches long with anywhere from 8-30 ounces of weight depending on which species it is.

Their plumage may be black, browns/grays or whites but usually consist of bright colors such as yellows, blues and greens while underwater they use these feathers to help them streamline through the water quickly.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Clade Neoaves
Clade Mirandornithes
Order Podicipediformes Fürbringer, 1888
Family Podicipedidae Bonaparte, 1831

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21. Shrike


Shrikes are small passerine birds of the family Laniidae, with 34 species in four genera. They get their name from Old English word “scrīc”, which refers to their shriek-like call.

These birds have earned the nickname ‘butcherbirds’ due to their feeding habits; they impale prey on thorns or barbed wire fences for later consumption.

Shrikes also tend to be aggressive predators and hunt a wide range of animals such as insects, small reptiles, rodents and even other smaller bird species.

In terms of physical appearance, these songbirds can vary greatly depending on the specific genus but usually boast a large hooked bill atop an impressive crest along with bright colors like gray, black or brownish hues across its feathers.

It’s clear shrike is quite remarkable creature that has gained notoriety for both hunting prowess and distinctive vocalizations.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Superfamily Corvoidea
Family Laniidae Rafinesque, 1815

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22. Hoopoes


Hoopoes are a fascinating species of bird, found across Africa, Asia and Europe. They have beautiful plumage with unique ‘crowns’ of feathers on their heads.

Three living and one extinct species exist – although for some time they were all classed as the same species: Upupa epops. Some taxonomists still believe this to be true.

These birds are often associated with royalty due to the impressive crown-like crest atop their head, adding an extra element of mystery and exoticism to these creatures.

Hoopoes can also produce loud calls which sound like “hoo-poo” hence why they’ve been given such an apt name.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Bucerotiformes
Family Upupidae Leach, 1820
Genus Upupa Linnaeus, 1758

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23. Sulids


Sulids are a medium-large family of coastal seabirds that includes both gannets and boobies. They hunt by diving into the water to catch their prey, such as fish, squid or crustaceans.

These birds have long wings which they use to soar gracefully while searching for food. Sulids also possess webbed feet and strong beaks designed for snatching up prey from below the surface of the sea.

Members of this family vary in size; some species can grow over 3ft tall with a wingspan reaching 5 ft. The 10 different species all belong either to Sula (boobies) or Morus (gannets).

It’s easy to tell them apart due to differences in colouration, behaviour and DNA sequences between each type.

In summary, sulids are impressive hunters who plunge dive after food at sea but still manage remain graceful aviators despite their large size.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Suliformes
Family Sulidae Reichenbach, 1849

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24. Old World Orioles

Old World orioles

Old World orioles are a family of passerine birds found in the Old World. It comprises four genera: piopios, figbirds, pitohuis and the original genus Oriolus.

The African black-headed species have sometimes been removed from this latter group due to their distinct characteristics as well as other proposed splits for Oriolus.

These colorful birds can be identified by their bright yellow or orange plumage that often features darker markings on wings and head areas, although some species may also display a blue hue or stripes across the body feathers.

They typically feed on insects such as caterpillars and grasshoppers but will supplement with small fruits when available too – making them beneficial additions to gardens.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Superfamily Orioloidea
Family Oriolidae Vigors, 1825

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25. Eurasian Reed Warbler

Eurasian reed warbler

The Eurasian reed warbler (Acrocephalus scirpaceus) is a species of Old World Warbler native to the temperate parts of Europe and Asia.

It breeds in wetlands such as marshes, ponds and rivers with dense vegetation like reeds or tall grasses.

During its wintering season, it migrates southward to sub-Saharan Africa where there are milder conditions.

This small bird has streaked brown plumage on the upperparts and white underparts which makes it difficult for predators to spot among the foliage.

Its diet consists mainly of insects including aphids, caterpillars larvae and moths caught while flying over water or by gleaning from plants growing near water bodies.

The male sings an attractive song consisting of several phrases repeated one after another as part of their courtship display during breeding season in order attract females for mating purposes.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Family Acrocephalidae
Genus Acrocephalus
Species A. scirpaceus

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26. Great Spotted Woodpecker

Great spotted woodpecker

The Great Spotted Woodpecker is a fascinating bird. It has black and white feathers, with red patches on its lower belly and head or neck depending on whether it’s male or young.

This species inhabits most of the Palearctic region as well as some parts of North Africa.

For much of its range, it remains in one place all year round but may migrate if food sources become limited further north.

Its diet consists mainly of insects found under tree bark along with small amounts of seeds and fruit when available.

Despite being quite vocal they are hard to spot due to their camouflaged feathers which helps protect them from predators like cats and birds-of-prey.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Piciformes
Family Picidae
Genus Dendrocopos
Species D. major

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27. Common Wood Pigeon

Common wood pigeon

The Common Wood Pigeon is a large bird of the dove and pigeon family, native to the western Palearctic. It has grey plumage with white patches on its wings and neck.

Its head often appears darker than its body due to iridescence in some parts of its feathers. The male woodpigeons have pinkish breasts while females are more brownish-grey coloured.

These birds feed mainly on seeds, fruits, flowers and leaves but will also eat insects when available.

They breed during springtime producing 1-2 clutches per breeding season with two eggs each time which hatch after about 18 days incubation period by both parents taking turns for duty.

They make their nests from twigs collected from nearby trees or places close by and usually raise only one brood at a time making them an important part of nature’s balance as they help keep insect populations under control through their diet choices.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Columbiformes
Family Columbidae
Genus Columba
Species C. palumbus

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28. Bearded Reedling

Bearded reedling

The Bearded Reedling is a small passerine bird found in reed-beds across Europe, Asia and North Africa.

It is easily identified by its distinct black and white plumage with males having yellow faces.

This species belongs to the only family of birds known as Panuridae and was first described by Carl Linnaeus back in 1758.

They feed on insects such as beetles, flies, moths among others but also consume seeds from plants like sedges or rushes during winter months when food availability decreases significantly.

These birds are territorial meaning that they have their own area where they live which can vary from 8 to 12 hectares depending on the seasonality of insect abundance within these areas making them an important part for maintaining healthy ecosystems in wetlands around their range.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Family Panuridae Des Murs, 1860
Genus Panurus Koch, 1816
Species P. biarmicus

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29. Tit


Tit birds are small passerine birds belonging to the family Paridae, found mainly in Northern Hemisphere and Africa.

These active little birds can be seen singing sweet songs throughout the day or scavenging for food at feeders.

They have short, stout bills which they use to crack open seeds and nuts with ease. Tit species range from chickadees to titmice; all of them sport a distinctive black head cap that stands out against their pale grey bodies.

Their bright eyes allow them excellent vision while searching for food – even on gloomy days when other predators may not see as well.

Tits are an important part of any healthy ecosystem and provide many ecological services such as insect control and seed dispersal.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Infraorder Passerida
Family Paridae Vigors, 1825

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30. Eurasian Jay

Eurasian jay

The Eurasian jay is a beautiful passerine bird of the crow family, Corvidae. It has bright pinkish brown plumage with white throat and two black stripes on each side.

The upper wings have an eye-catching blue panel while its tail is all black in color. This species mainly resides in woodlands, spanning over vast regions from western Europe to India and even north-west Africa.

Its diet consists of small invertebrates like insects as well as fruits, seeds and nuts making it quite adaptable when it comes to food sources.

With its loud calls echoing through the forests they inhabit, this amazing creature will definitely make your day brighter if you ever get the chance to spot one.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Family Corvidae
Genus Garrulus
Species G. glandarius

31. Cormorants


Cormorants are a family of aquatic birds found around the world. They include 40 species, such as great cormorants and common shags.

In Britain, these two species are the most commonly seen in their natural habitats.

Cormorants have long necks, webbed feet and can be identified by their glossy black feathers which they use to help them swim through water with ease as they hunt for food like fish or crustaceans.

They have an impressive wingspan often reaching up to five feet across when fully extended.

Despite being strong swimmers, these birds also enjoy spending time perched on rocks near rivers or shorelines where they will preen themselves in order to keep clean and dry during cooler weather conditionsScientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Suliformes
Family Phalacrocoracidae Reichenbach, 1850

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32. Rail


Rails are a diverse family of birds, ranging from small to medium size and living in habitats across the world.

They can be found around wetlands, as well as any other land-based environment except for dry deserts, polar regions or areas with persistent snow cover.

These ground-dwellers have short legs and long toes that help them maneuver through wetland vegetation easily.

Tey typically feed on insects and aquatic invertebrates but will also eat seeds and berries when available.

Species such as coots, crakes and gallinules have evolved different bill shapes to allow them to navigate their environments more efficiently while searching for food.

Rails live both alone or in pairs depending on the species; some migrate seasonally while others remain at one location year round.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Gruiformes
Family Rallidae Rafinesque, 1815

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33. Procellariidae


Procellariidae is a diverse family of seabirds belonging to the bird order Procellariiformes.

These birds are commonly referred to as tubenoses and include fulmarine petrels, gadfly petrels, diving petrels, prions, and shearwaters.

They range in size from the small storm-petrel which measures around 18cm long to the giant albatross which can reach up to 3 meters in length.

Generally found near oceans or coasts where they feed on fish as well as squid and other marine life depending on species.

Many procellariids will also nest inland during breeding season before returning back out at sea for most of their lives.

Their wings have specially adapted feathers that give them incredible gliding abilities allowing them literally fly with minimal effort over vast distances across oceanic regionsScientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Procellariiformes
Family Procellariidae Leach, 1820

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34. Threskiornithidae


Threskiornithidae is a family of large wading birds which includes 36 species. These birds are traditionally divided into two subfamilies – the ibises and the spoonbills.

However, recent genetic analysis has shown that spoonbills actually belong to Old World ibis group, while New World ibises form an early offshoot from this lineage.

Threskiornithidse members have long curved beaks with serrated edges used for catching fish in shallow water or mudflats, as well as other aquatic invertebrates like crustaceans and mollusks.

They also feed on plant matter such as grains and seeds found close to wetlands areas where they live.

This diverse diet makes them important scavengers in their ecosystems, helping maintain healthy populations of native wildlife by controlling insect numbers and dispersing energy-rich seeds throughout wetland habitats.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Pelecaniformes
Suborder Ardei
Family Threskiornithidae Richmond, 1917

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35. Stork


Storks are majestic birds, easily recognizable with their long necks and legs. They belong to the family Ciconiidae, making up the order Ciconiiformes.

Storks inhabit many areas around the world but generally prefer drier habitats than other wading birds like herons or ibises which have been moved to separate orders.

Despite being large in size they can be quite graceful in flight as well as when hunting for food such as insects, small mammals and reptiles near shallow waters.

During nesting season stork pairs build nests on high trees or platforms made of sticks and twigs where they lay eggs that hatch after about a month of incubation time by both parents taking turns sitting on them warmly until hatching day.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Clade Aequornithes
Order Ciconiiformes Bonaparte, 1854[1]
Family Ciconiidae J. E. Gray, 1840[1]

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36. Larks


Larks are small passerine birds that belong to the Alaudidae family. These birds have a cosmopolitan distribution and can be found in many different habitats, including dry regions.

The largest number of lark species is located in Africa, while only one species (horned lark) inhabits North America and another one (Horsfield’s bush lark) lives in Australia.

These beautiful creatures usually appear during dawn or dusk as they sing their melodious songs high up into the sky.

Larks possess impressive flying skills which make them capable of reaching heights far above most other bird species.

Despite this skill, they prefer living close to the ground where there are plenty of seeds and insects for them to feed on.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Superfamily Sylvioidea
Family Alaudidae Vigors, 1825

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37. Auk


Auk is a family of birds from the order Charadriiformes. They are excellent swimmers and divers, able to “fly” through water. There are 25 species divided into 11 genera in this family, with the great auk being extinct.

Auks can fly but their walking appears awkward due to their thick feathers that make them heavy on land.

The most notable feature of these aquatic birds is the large bills they possess which helps them catch fish underwater.

Apart from feeding on sea creatures like squid or shrimp, auks also feed on grains found near shorelines during winter months when food sources become scarce in open waters.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Charadriiformes
Suborder Lari
Family Alcidae Leach, 1820

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38. Eurasian Penduline Tit

Eurasian penduline tit

The Eurasian penduline tit is a passerine bird of the genus Remiz which can be found widely across the western Palearctic.

It migrates to more northern parts in summer, while staying resident in its southern range during winter months.

This species experienced an expansion of its breeding grounds throughout Western Europe between 1980s and 1990s, thus increasing its population significantly.

The Penduline Tit has various striking features like bright yellow underparts with black streaks on sides.

Greyish-brown upper part with white underside and pale eye line along head sides as well as distinctive tail nest made from fibers and mosses hanging from trees or shrubs like a pendulum hence their name ‘Penduline’.

These birds feed mainly on insects but also eat some seeds especially sunflower seeds making them popular garden visitors for many people.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Family Remizidae
Genus Remiz
Species R. pendulinus

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39. Skuas


Skuas are a group of predatory seabirds with seven species, all belonging to the genus Stercorarius.

They are also known as “Jaegers” in North America and their name originates from the Faroese word for Great Skua – skúgvur.

These birds typically inhabit coastal areas or open oceans where they feed on fish, krill and other marine creatures.

Skuas can be distinguished by their pointed wings which help them fly long distances while hunting food.

Their distinctive colouration varies depending on age and habitat but generally includes greyish brown upperparts and white underparts with black streaks along its belly area.

The overall size ranges from 24-40 cm making these one of the larger sea bird species.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Charadriiformes
Suborder Lari
Family Stercorariidae Gray, 1871
Genus Stercorarius Brisson, 1760

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40. Swifts


Swifts are small, aerial birds that belong to the Apodidae family. They look similar to swallows but they aren’t related in any way.

Swifts have evolved differently from other passerines and instead share an order with hummingbirds – the Apodiformes.

The Hemiprocnidae also shares a close relationship with swifts, being referred to as ‘treeswift’ due to their affinity for perching on trees rather than flying through the air like regular swifts do.

While these two species may appear quite similar at first glance, closer inspection will reveal vast differences between them which has come about over time via convergent evolution.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Apodiformes
Family Apodidae Hartert, 1897

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41. Penduline Tits

Penduline tits

Penduline tits are small passerines with a length ranging from 7.5 to 11 cm, resembling true tits (Paridae). They have delicate bills with needle-like points and their wings appear short and rounded.

These birds build elaborate bag nests that hang from trees over water, giving them the name of “penduline” – meaning hanging. As for diet, they mainly feed on insects and spiders but may also consume some seeds too.

Depending on the species, penduline tits can be found in sub-Saharan Africa or across Eurasia into China and Central Asia as well as parts of North America such as California’s Sierra Nevada range halfway up Mexico’s western coast.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Infraorder Passerida
Family Remizidae Olphe-Galliard, 1891

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42. Locustellidae


Locustellidae is a family of small insectivorous songbirds, commonly known as warblers. They are found mainly in Eurasia, Africa and the Australian region.

These birds typically have plain coloring on their wings and tail but with brightly colored patches on their face or neck.

Their diet consists mostly of insects and other invertebrates which they capture while foraging among grasses or bushes.

Locustellidae species also possess a distinctive vocalization that can be heard at dawn or dusk; it has been described as an intermittent trill lasting several seconds to minutes in length without any pauses between notes.

As active little birds, they make excellent additions to gardens providing hours of delight with their singing abilities.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Superfamily Sylvioidea
Family Locustellidae Bonaparte, 1854

43. Northern Gannet

Northern gannet

The Northern Gannet is the largest species of seabird in the northern Atlantic, with a white body and long neck.

It has yellowish head feathers and black tipped wings that can reach up to 6 feet across when fully extended.

The beak is large and orange-yellow in color. This bird breeds along western Europe’s coasts as well as northeastern North America.

They forage for fish by plunging into the sea from high above, making them an impressive sight to behold on any given day.

Their diet consists mainly of herring, mackerels or sand eels which they catch midair after diving at speeds reaching over 100 miles per hour.

With their striking features these birds are truly majestic creatures that have been around since prehistoric times – a testament to their hardiness and adaptability.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Suliformes
Family Sulidae
Genus Morus
Species M. bassanus

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44. Acrocephalidae


The Acrocephalidae, commonly known as reed warblers, marsh- and tree-warblers or acrocephalid warblers are a family of passerine birds belonging to the superfamily Sylvioidea.

These birds typically have an olivaceous brown top with yellowish to beige underside. They can mostly be spotted in open woodlands, reed beds or tall grasses.

This family comprises about 130 species spread across Eurasia and Africa which includes some vagrant species too.

Most of these bird families feed on insects like spiders, beetles etc., while others also consume small fruits such as berries.

They make nests close to ground level by weaving twigs together using their saliva for binding them making it waterproof enough so that eggs stay safe from rainwater during breeding season.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Superfamily Sylvioidea
Family Acrocephalidae Salvin, 1882

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45. Nightjars


Nightjars are fascinating nocturnal or crepuscular birds belonging to the Caprimulgidae family. These medium-sized birds have long wings, short legs and very small bills.

They can be found across many parts of the world in forests, grasslands and scrubland habitats.

Nightjars feed on insects such as moths, beetles, crickets and cicadas which they catch with their sharp eyesight during night time flights over open fields when hunting for food.

Their scientific name ‘Caprimulgidae’ is derived from an old folktale that claims these birds suck milk from goats.

In reality though, they are harmless creatures who pose no threat to livestock whatsoever.

Nightjars make a variety of different calls ranging from whistles to chirps all throughout the night – adding further mystery to this amazing species.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Clade Strisores
Order Caprimulgiformes Ridgway, 1881
Family Caprimulgidae Vigors, 1825

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46. Cisticolidae


Cisticolidae is a family of warblers found mainly in warmer regions of the Old World. There are about 160 species all together, mostly seen across Africa but also in other parts like tropical Asia and Australasia.

One notable example from this family is the zitt bird which makes its home across these areas.

These small passerine birds have drab colors on their bodies with darker wings and tails for camouflage when they fly or perch among foliage.

They can be distinguished by their loud chirps that echo through forests and grasslands as well as distinctive songs used to attract mates during mating seasons.

Despite being quite common, Cisticolidae remain elusive due to their excellent ability to hide away within vegetation making them difficult to observe closely in nature.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Superfamily Sylvioidea
Family Cisticolidae Sundevall, 1872

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47. Rollers


Rollers are birds that belong to the Coraciidae family. They are known for their aerial acrobatics which they display during courtship or territorial flights, earning them their name.

Rollers share similarities with crows in terms of size and shape, but they have a more vibrant appearance like kingfishers and bee-eaters — blues and pinkish or cinnamon browns being the most common colors.

These birds also have an interesting feature: two inner front toes connected together while the outer ones remain separated from each other.

Their impressive flying skills make rollers one of nature’s beauties, captivating us all with its colorful feathers and graceful moves.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Coraciiformes
Family Coraciidae Rafinesque, 1815

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48. Old World Sparrows

Old World sparrows

Old World sparrows are small passerine birds belonging to the family Passeridae. They are characteristically much smaller than their New World counterparts, ranging in size from 6 centimeters up to 20 centimeters depending on species.

The most common characteristics of these birds include a black or grey head and upper body with white underparts and white stripes above their eyes.

Notable features such as barring and streaking can be found across different species within this group.

Old world sparrows typically inhabit open grassland areas but have been known to nest around human dwellings near urban settings as well, making them easily recognizable by many people all over the globe.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Suborder Passeri
Infraorder Passerida
Superfamily Passeroidea
Family Passeridae Rafinesque, 1815

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49. Sandpiper


Sandpiper is a type of wading bird that belongs to the family Scolopacidae. It is a diverse family that includes various species such as curlew and snipe.

Sandpipers have different bill lengths that allow them to feed on small invertebrates and creatures found in mud or soil.

Due to this diversity, different species can coexist in the same habitat without competing for food.

Sandpipers are commonly found near the coast but are also found in other wetland environments.

They are known for their slender legs, long beak, and streamlined body that enables them to move easily in and out of water.

Sandpipers are a unique and fascinating bird species that are interesting to observe in their natural habitat.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Charadriiformes
Suborder Scolopaci
Family Scolopacidae Rafinesque, 1815

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50. Western Jackdaw

Western jackdaw

The Western Jackdaw is a member of the crow family and is found throughout Europe, western Asia, and North Africa. While most populations are resident, some migrate south in the winter.

There are four subspecies, each with distinct plumage coloration. Despite being a common bird, the Western Jackdaw is a fascinating species known for its high intelligence and adaptability.

These birds have been observed using tools, working collaboratively to solve problems, and even recognizing individual human faces.

With their distinctive and varied calls, they are often heard before they are seen, chattering away in the trees or on rooftops.

Due to their remarkable intelligence and adaptability, the Western Jackdaw is widely regarded as a beloved symbol of wildlife in many cultures.Scientific classification:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Family Corvidae
Genus Coloeus
Species C. monedula

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51. Panuridae


Panuridae, commonly known as the Bearded Reedlings, is a family of small passerine birds. These birds are mostly found in Europe and Asia, and they prefer reed beds and other wetlands as their habitats.

Bearded Reedlings have a distinct appearance, with a greyish-brown body, black mustache, and a long tail.

Their diet consists of insects and seeds which they fetch by hanging upside down from the reeds. These birds have complex vocalizations and are often heard singing and calling out to each other.

They are known to be monogamous, breeding in pairs, and building their nests in the reed beds. 

Despite being considered relatively common, the Bearded Reedlings are threatened by habitat loss and degradation, and conservation efforts are being taken to ensure their survival.

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