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38 Common Serbian Birds

Serbia, located in Southeast Europe, is a fascinating destination for bird enthusiasts. The country is home to a diverse range of birds, with over 350 species inhabiting its varied landscapes.

With forests, plains, wetlands, mountains, and rivers, Serbia’s habitats are perfect for a wide range of bird species. Birds such as eagles, vultures, storks, owls, and falcons are just some of the fascinating birds you can spot in Serbia.

The country is a popular destination for birdwatchers from all around the world, who come to discover Serbia’s rich birdlife and the stunning surroundings that this beautiful country has to offer.

In this article, we will take a closer look at the most popular bird species that can be found in Serbia.

1. Saker Falcon

Saker falcon

The saker falcon is a large species of falcon that is found across the Palearctic from central Europe all the way to Manchuria.

It typically migrates, except for in southern parts of its range where it winters in Ethiopia, Arabia, northern Pakistan and China.

This majestic bird has been designated as the national bird of Hungary, United Arab Emirates and Mongolia due to its beauty and gracefulness.

Its plumage can be brownish-grey or light grey with dark spots while they have bright yellow eyes which contrast their feathers beautifully.

They are also quite agile when flying at high speeds with wingspan ranging between 1-1.5 m long – perfect for soaring.Scientific classification:

SpeciesF. cherrug

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2. Shorebirds


Shorebirds, a diverse group of birds in the Charadriiformes order, are found near water on every continent except Antarctica.

These small to medium-sized birds feed mainly on invertebrates and other small animals but can also be pelagic seabirds or inhabit deserts.

Shorebirds use their long bills to probe mudflats for food like worms and mollusks while some species plunge into the ocean’s depths in search of crustaceans such as crabs and shrimp.

They have strong legs equipped with webbed feet which allow them to move quickly when searching for prey across wetlands, sandbars, beaches and swamps.

Their feathers make them well adapted to life by land or sea due to its hydrophobic nature which helps reduce drag during swimming or flying through windy conditions making it easier for shorebirds survive tough environments around the world.Scientific classification:

OrderCharadriiformes Huxley, 1867

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3. Bee-Eater


Bee-eaters are one of the most beautiful and vibrant birds in existence. They have a slender body, long wings, down turned bills and their signature elongated central tail feathers which make them instantly recognizable from afar.

Their plumage is incredibly colorful with many shades ranging from blues to greens to reds that glisten when they fly through the air.

These stunning creatures can be found all over Africa, Asia, Southern Europe, Australia and New Guinea where they feed mainly on bees but also other insects like flies or wasps as well as small mammals such as lizards or rodents.

Bee-eaters live in colonies near rivers or wetlands so that they may easily hunt for food while staying close together for safety purposes.

 Additionally it allows them to better display their impressive courtship dances during mating season.Scientific classification:

FamilyMeropidae Rafinesque, 1815

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4. Woodpeckers


Woodpeckers are an incredibly diverse bird species, found all over the world except for Australia, New Guinea, New Zealand, Madagascar and the extreme polar regions.

They live in a variety of habitats including forests and woodlands but also rocky hillsides and deserts with no trees.

Their beaks are adapted to pecking at tree bark to find food such as insects or larvae hidden beneath it while they use their long tongues to catch them from deep inside crevices.

Woodpeckers have tough skulls that protect their brains from impact when they bang into things during drumming – a behaviour used by males for territorial signalling and reproduction purposes which is done using strong rapid beats against hollow objects like dead branches or metal poles.Scientific classification:

FamilyPicidae Leach, 1820

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5. Grey Heron

Grey heron

The grey heron is a majestic bird found in temperate regions of Europe, Asia and parts of Africa. It has long legs to wade through the shallow waters where it feeds on aquatic creatures such as frogs, fish and insects.

In wintertime some migrate southwards but others stay put in their natural habitats; lakes, rivers and marshes. They can also be spotted near coasts or along estuaries.

Grey Herons have beautiful blue-grey feathers and an impressive wingspan that makes them stand out from other birds when they soar gracefully across the sky.

These graceful creatures are not only easy on the eye but wise hunters too.Scientific classification:

SpeciesA. cinerea

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6. White-Backed Woodpecker

White-backed woodpecker

The White-backed Woodpecker is a beautiful bird that can be found in Eurasia. It has white plumage on its back, giving it its name.

Its head and wings are grey with black barring while its breast and belly have red speckles across them.

This species was first described by German naturalist Johann Matthäus Bechstein in 1802 who gave it the scientific binomial of Picus leucotos due to the white colouring along its back from the Greek words “leukos” meaning ‘white’ and “-nōtos” which means ‘backed’.

The type locality for this species is Silesia where these birds are still commonly seen today.Scientific classification:

SpeciesD. leucotos

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7. Shrike


Shrikes are small passerine birds of the family Laniidae, with 34 species in four genera. They get their name from Old English word “scrīc”, which refers to their shriek-like call.

These birds have earned the nickname ‘butcherbirds’ due to their feeding habits; they impale prey on thorns or barbed wire fences for later consumption.

Shrikes also tend to be aggressive predators and hunt a wide range of animals such as insects, small reptiles, rodents and even other smaller bird species.

In terms of physical appearance, these songbirds can vary greatly depending on the specific genus but usually boast a large hooked bill atop an impressive crest along with bright colors like gray, black or brownish hues across its feathers.

It’s clear shrike is quite remarkable creature that has gained notoriety for both hunting prowess and distinctive vocalizations.Scientific classification:

FamilyLaniidae Rafinesque, 1815

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8. Hoopoes


Hoopoes are a fascinating species of bird, found across Africa, Asia and Europe. They have beautiful plumage with unique ‘crowns’ of feathers on their heads.

Three living and one extinct species exist – although for some time they were all classed as the same species: Upupa epops. Some taxonomists still believe this to be true.

These birds are often associated with royalty due to the impressive crown-like crest atop their head, adding an extra element of mystery and exoticism to these creatures.

Hoopoes can also produce loud calls which sound like “hoo-poo” hence why they’ve been given such an apt name.Scientific classification:

FamilyUpupidae Leach, 1820
GenusUpupa Linnaeus, 1758

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9. Eurasian Reed Warbler

Eurasian reed warbler

The Eurasian reed warbler (Acrocephalus scirpaceus) is a species of Old World Warbler native to the temperate parts of Europe and Asia.

It breeds in wetlands such as marshes, ponds and rivers with dense vegetation like reeds or tall grasses.

During its wintering season, it migrates southward to sub-Saharan Africa where there are milder conditions.

This small bird has streaked brown plumage on the upperparts and white underparts which makes it difficult for predators to spot among the foliage.

Its diet consists mainly of insects including aphids, caterpillars larvae and moths caught while flying over water or by gleaning from plants growing near water bodies.

The male sings an attractive song consisting of several phrases repeated one after another as part of their courtship display during breeding season in order attract females for mating purposes.Scientific classification:

SpeciesA. scirpaceus

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10. Little Owl

Little owl

The Little Owl is a fascinating bird that inhabits much of the temperate and warmer parts of Europe, East Asia and North Africa. It’s also known as the “Owl of Athena” or “Owl of Minerva”.

This species was introduced to Britain in late 19th century and New Zealand’s South Island during early 20th century.

They belong to Strigidae family which are true owls with small bodies but large heads along with big eyes that helps them spot prey at night.

These birds feed on insects, earthworms, rodents like mice etc., making them beneficial for controlling pests around agricultural lands.

Besides these benefits they have become an important part in folklore associated with wisdom and knowledge over years due their silent presence near human dwellings after dark hours.Scientific classification:

SpeciesA. noctua

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11. Common Wood Pigeon

Common wood pigeon

The Common Wood Pigeon is a large bird of the dove and pigeon family, native to the western Palearctic. It has grey plumage with white patches on its wings and neck.

Its head often appears darker than its body due to iridescence in some parts of its feathers. The male woodpigeons have pinkish breasts while females are more brownish-grey coloured.

These birds feed mainly on seeds, fruits, flowers and leaves but will also eat insects when available.

They breed during springtime producing 1-2 clutches per breeding season with two eggs each time which hatch after about 18 days incubation period by both parents taking turns for duty.

They make their nests from twigs collected from nearby trees or places close by and usually raise only one brood at a time making them an important part of nature’s balance as they help keep insect populations under control through their diet choices.Scientific classification:

SpeciesC. palumbus

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12. Bearded Reedling

Bearded reedling

The Bearded Reedling is a small passerine bird found in reed-beds across Europe, Asia and North Africa.

It is easily identified by its distinct black and white plumage with males having yellow faces.

This species belongs to the only family of birds known as Panuridae and was first described by Carl Linnaeus back in 1758.

They feed on insects such as beetles, flies, moths among others but also consume seeds from plants like sedges or rushes during winter months when food availability decreases significantly.

These birds are territorial meaning that they have their own area where they live which can vary from 8 to 12 hectares depending on the seasonality of insect abundance within these areas making them an important part for maintaining healthy ecosystems in wetlands around their range.Scientific classification:

FamilyPanuridae Des Murs, 1860
GenusPanurus Koch, 1816
SpeciesP. biarmicus

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13. Whiskered Tern

Whiskered tern

The whiskered tern (Chlidonias hybrida) is a small, graceful bird belonging to the family Laridae, which includes gulls, terns, and skimmers.

This bird is widely distributed across Europe, Asia, and Africa, where it breeds in colonies in freshwater marshes, ponds, and lakeshores.

The whiskered tern has a distinctive appearance, resembling a swallow, with a short, forked tail, black cap, and white cheeks.

One of the most distinctive features of the whiskered tern is its bill, which is strong and pointed. This adaptation allows it to catch insects and small fish, which make up the bulk of its diet.

During the breeding season, the whiskered tern’s bill and legs turn bright red, adding to its striking appearance.

The whiskered tern is a highly adaptable bird, and as such, it is found in various races across its range. For example, in Europe, it breeds mainly in western and southern countries, while in Asia, it breeds from the Middle East to the Russian Far East.

The whiskered tern is also a migrant bird, with populations wintering in sub-Saharan Africa, India, Southeast Asia, and Australia.

Breeding season for the whiskered tern is between May and August, and the birds form colonies with hundreds or thousands of individuals. They build their nests on floating vegetation or on the ground, and both sexes share incubation duties.

The chicks hatch after about three weeks, and the parents feed them insects and small fish until they are ready to fly after about three more weeks.

Although the whiskered tern is not considered threatened, its populations have declined in some areas, primarily due to habitat loss and degradation.

The destruction of wetlands, pollution, and changes in water levels and quality have all had an impact on the bird’s breeding and feeding grounds.Scientific classification:

SpeciesC. hybrida

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14. Hazel Grouse

Hazel grouse

The Hazel Grouse is a small bird, belonging to the grouse family of birds. It is widely distributed across the Palearctic region, breeding in dense and damp mixed coniferous forests with some spruce trees.

This sedentary species can be found as far east as Hokkaido and as far west as eastern and central Europe.

It has greyish-brown upperparts with black barred wings while its underparts are pale buff or white heavily streaked by dark markings.

Its tail feathers have broad white tips giving it a distinctive appearance when seen from behind flying away through the air which may help explain why it’s sometimes referred to affectionately by Russians as “rabchick”.

The Hazel Grouse feeds mainly on buds, shoots, seeds of various plants but also insects during summer months for extra protein requirements necessary for growing chicks.Scientific classification:

SpeciesT. bonasia

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15. Western Capercaillie

Western capercaillie

The Western Capercaillie is the largest bird among all grouse species. It has a wingspan of around 2 to 3 feet and can weigh up to 16 pounds. Its body is covered in rich, dark brown feathers which have light speckles throughout them.

This beautiful bird inhabits parts of Europe and the Palearctic region where it feeds on berries, seeds and buds from trees like birch and pine.

In winter months they’ll also eat mushrooms when available too. They live in forests with plenty of dense vegetation so that they can hide away from predators when necessary.

During mating season males will perform elaborate courtship displays to attract females – making this one amazing creature indeed.Scientific classification:

SpeciesT. urogallus

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16. Boreal Owl

Boreal owl

The Boreal Owl is a small, nocturnal bird of the Strigidae family commonly found in North America and Europe.

It’s also known as Tengmalm’s owl after Swedish naturalist Peter Gustaf Tengmalm or Richardson’s owl after Sir John Richardson.

The boreal owl has an elusive nature which makes it difficult to observe due to its shyness towards human activity during daylight hours.

Its feathers are dark brown with white spots on the wings, face and throat while its underbelly is light grey/brown with darker streaks along the sides.

They have long talons used for catching prey such as mice, voles and other small rodents making them effective hunters at night-time when they become more active seeking food sources away from humans.

Their habitat consists of coniferous forests where they can find shelter among large trees that offer nesting sites high up off of ground level keeping them safe from predators like foxes and coyotes who roam around looking for easy meals near the forest floor.Scientific classification:

SpeciesA. funereus

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17. Syrian Woodpecker

Syrian woodpecker

The Syrian woodpecker is a species of the Picidae family, first described in 1833 by Wilhelm Hemprich and Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg.

It resides throughout southeastern Europe to Iran and has recently expanded its range into northwest Europe.

This bird usually breeds in woodland areas with plenty of dead trees for it to feed on insects inhabiting them.

Its most distinguishing features include an olive-green back and black wings; white feathers line the sides while red covers its head crown down to its nape.

They are characterized as being highly vocal birds, often making loud tapping noises when searching for food under tree bark or branches.

The Syrian Woodpecker is a delightful addition to any avian landscape.Scientific classification:

SpeciesD. syriacus

18. Corn Crake

Corn crake

The Corn Crake is a species of rail that inhabits Europe and Asia, migrating to Africa for the winter.

It’s medium-sized with buff or grey streaked brownish black upperparts and blue-grey underparts that are decorated with rust colored bars along its flanks and undertail.

They prefer moist meadows, grasslands, marshes, bogs and moorland where they can find their food sources such as seeds, leaves shoots insects worms spiders etc.

In the summer it may be heard singing from tall vegetation at night when looking for mates but during day time it will hide in thick cover making them difficult to spot.

The corn crake has been listed by IUCN as near threatened due Conservation efforts have helped increase numbers but ongoing threats such as habitat loss still remain an issue so continued effort must be made if this unique bird is to survive into future generations.Scientific classification:

GenusCrex Bechstein, 1803
SpeciesC. crex

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19. Little Crake

Little crake

The Little Crake (Zapornia parva) is one of the smallest waterbirds in the family Rallidae. It breeds mainly in reed beds found throughout Europe and western Asia, migrating to Africa for winter months.

Measuring 17-19 cm long, these birds are slightly smaller than their close relative – the Spotted Crake – which can be identified by its lack of spots on its back.

With brown plumage, black eyes and a bill that curves downwards at tips; they also have yellow legs and feet as well as white underparts with some barring towards their underside.

They feed mainly on small invertebrates and insects while nesting near lakes or pools among dense vegetation such as sedges and bulrushes where they lay 4–7 eggs between May to July each year.Scientific classification:

SpeciesZ. parva

20. Ural Owl

Ural owl

The Ural owl is a majestic nocturnal bird of the Strigidae family. It has an impressive wingspan, usually between 28 to 38 inches wide.

This species can be seen throughout much of Eurasia, from northern Scandinavia and Scotland all the way east across Russia into Korea and Japan; it even reaches southern parts of Mongolia.

The Ural owl sports brown feathers with white spots that help it blend in with its environment during the day making it difficult for predators or humans alike to spot them easily.

These owls also have large yellow eyes which helps them hunt better at night by being able to see their prey more clearly in dim light conditions.

All these features combined make the Ural owl one truly remarkable creature.Scientific classification:

SpeciesS. uralensis

21. Eurasian Penduline Tit

Eurasian penduline tit

The Eurasian penduline tit is a passerine bird of the genus Remiz which can be found widely across the western Palearctic.

It migrates to more northern parts in summer, while staying resident in its southern range during winter months.

This species experienced an expansion of its breeding grounds throughout Western Europe between 1980s and 1990s, thus increasing its population significantly.

The Penduline Tit has various striking features like bright yellow underparts with black streaks on sides.

Greyish-brown upper part with white underside and pale eye line along head sides as well as distinctive tail nest made from fibers and mosses hanging from trees or shrubs like a pendulum hence their name ‘Penduline’.

These birds feed mainly on insects but also eat some seeds especially sunflower seeds making them popular garden visitors for many people.Scientific classification:

SpeciesR. pendulinus

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22. Sylviid Warblers

Sylviid warblers

The Sylviid warblers are a family of passerine birds found in Eurasia and Africa. They include the typical warblers as well as babblers that were formerly part of the Old World babbler family.

These birds have slender bodies, pointed wings, long tails and strong legs adapted for ground-dwelling habits like running or hopping along branches.

The male often has bright colors while females are usually duller in coloration with more muted plumage patterns than males.

Some species also show sexual dimorphism where one sex may be larger or smaller than its counterpart; for instance some species may have longer tail feathers on the female side compared to their male counterparts.

Many members of this group feed on insects but some specialize on seeds, fruits, nectar or even frogs.Scientific classification:

FamilySylviidae Leach, 1820

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23. Treecreepers


Treecreepers are small passerine birds found in wooded areas of the Northern Hemisphere and sub-Saharan Africa.

They have dull colored plumage, long curved bills, stiff tails and strong feet that help them to climb up tree trunks while searching for food such as insects and spiders.

The two genera Certhia and Salpornis include eleven species which can be identified by their distinct call – a high pitched ‘tsee-tsit’.

Treecreepers build cup shaped nests on trees usually near the base or middle trunk using mosses, lichens, grasses with leaves inside them to provide insulation from cold temperatures.

These birds also use bark crevices during winter months when they shelter in groups together against extreme weather conditions.Scientific classification:

FamilyCerthiidae Leach, 1820

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24. Eastern Imperial Eagle

Eastern imperial eagle

The Eastern Imperial Eagle is a majestic bird of prey, with striking features and sharp eyesight.

It breeds in southeastern Europe and throughout West and Central Asia, before migrating south to winter in Africa, the Middle East or South/East Asia.

This eagle belongs to the Accipitridae family – known for their well-feathered legs – allowing them great agility when hunting their prey which includes rabbits, hares and small mammals among other birds.

They have brown wings bordered by white feathers which gives it an elegant appearance that stands out from its environment.

In recent years there has been some concern about declining numbers due to loss of habitat or illegal poaching; however conservation efforts are underway to ensure this beautiful species continues into future generations.Scientific classification:

SpeciesA. heliaca

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25. Motacillidae


Motacillidae is a family of small passerine birds consisting of around 70 species. They are found across Europe, Africa, Asia and even Alaska with two migratory breeding species.

The three genera they belong to include wagtails which typically have medium to long tails; longclaws that can only be spotted in the Afrotropics; and pipits which possess the most cosmopolitan distribution worldwide.

These birds feed on insects as well as seeds for their diets and are usually seen in open habitats such grasslands or wetlands where food sources like invertebrates can easily be accessed.

Most Motacillidae species also use mud nests during breeding season making them easy targets for predators so it’s important we protect these beautiful creatures.Scientific classification:

FamilyMotacillidae Horsfield, 1821

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26. Cetti’s Warbler

Cetti s warbler

Cetti’s warbler is a small, brown bush-warbler that breeds in southern and central Europe, northwest Africa and the east Palearctic.

It has skulking habits which make it difficult to see but its beautiful song can still be heard throughout these regions.

The bird was named after 18th century Italian zoologist Francesco Cetti due to his research on this species of warblers.

This hardy little bird lives in dense vegetation near marshes, wetlands and other water bodies such as riversides or lakeshores where they feed mostly on insects during their breeding season from April till August.

Despite being shy around humans once accustomed to them they are known to be quite friendly with people who visit their habitat regularly.Scientific classification:

SpeciesC. cetti

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27. Eurasian Scops Owl

Eurasian scops owl

The Eurasian scops owl is a small bird in the Strigidae family. It’s breeding range stretches from southern Europe to Southern Siberia and into western Himalayas.

During winter, it migrates south of the Sahara Desert in Africa. This species was formally described by Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus back in 1758.

They have ear tufts on their head which are actually feathers used for camouflage among tree branches; they also provide visual communication between other owls nearby – an important part of survival.

The Eurasian Scops Owl typically eats insects such as crickets, beetles and moths found around its habitat.

These birds make sure that our environment stays balanced with nature by keeping insect populations down.Scientific classification:

SpeciesO. scops

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28. Western Rock Nuthatch

Western rock nuthatch

The Western Rock Nuthatch is a small passerine bird that can be found in parts of Europe and the Middle East. It has an olive-grey back, blackish wings, white underparts with a grey breast band, and yellow vent area.

Its legs are grey and its bill is short and broad. This species prefers rocky habitats such as mountainside cliffs or crags used for nesting sites where they build cup shaped nests using mud mixed with grasses or feathers.

They mainly eat insects but also consume seeds during winter months when food is scarce.

The western rock nuthatch remains largely resident apart from some post-breeding dispersal making it relatively easy to spot year round if you know what you’re looking for.Scientific classification:

SpeciesS. neumayer

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29. Purple Heron

Purple heron

The Purple Heron is a majestic wading bird from the heron family which can be found in Africa, central and southern Europe, as well as southern and eastern Asia.

It has an impressive wingspan of up to 1.2 meters and its plumage usually ranges from grey-blue to purple on its back with brown streaks on it’s chest.

This species breeds during summer months before migrating for winter habitats where they feed mainly on fish or frogs near wetlands or rivers.

The scientific name Ardea purpureus originates from Latin words meaning ‘heron’ and ‘coloured purple’ respectively – referring to this bird’s beautiful colouration.Scientific classification:

SpeciesA. purpurea

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30. Rock Partridge

Rock partridge

The Rock Partridge is a gamebird in the pheasant family and is native to southern Europe. It closely resembles its eastern counterpart, the Chukar Partridge.

This bird resides in dry and open hillsides, where it builds its nest on a shallow ground scrape that’s only lightly lined with material for insulation.

The rock partridge has long been an important species of prey among hunters due to its size as well as being relatively easy to find during hunting expeditions.

Although these birds are not endangered at present, their population numbers have declined significantly over recent years due to poaching and habitat destruction caused by human activities such as farming or urbanization projects.

Conservation efforts must be taken if we want this unique species of bird stay around us for future generations.Scientific classification:

SpeciesA. graeca

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31. Squacco Heron

Squacco heron

The Squacco Heron is a small heron species native to the Old World that breeds in parts of Europe and the Greater Middle East, before migrating south for winter.

They measure around 44-47 cm long with an 80-92 cm wingspan, making them one of the smaller species of herons.

Their body length measures 20-23cm while they have greyish or brown plumage on top and white or yellow underneath.

The neck has some streaking patterns giving it its name “squacco” which means speckled in Italian. It feeds mainly on fish, frogs and insects near shallow waters such as marshes, swamps and streams.

Rarely sighted north of their breeding grounds this curious little bird should be admired if spotted.Scientific classification:

SpeciesA. ralloides

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32. White-Winged Tern

White-winged tern

The White-winged Tern is a small species of tern found across much of the world, from Europe to Africa and Asia, inhabiting fresh water habitats.

With its scientific name Chlidonias leucopterus or Chlidonias leucoptera coming from Ancient Greek meaning ‘swallow-like’, it has white wings giving it an unmistakable appearance in flight.

It feeds on insects by swooping down over water surfaces at high speed and snatching them up with its beak while skimming the surface.

This bird also nests near bodies of freshwater such as lakes, rivers and marshes making use of reeds for cover against predators when they’re raising their chicks.

A beautiful sight to behold wherever they are found.Scientific classification:

SpeciesC. leucopterus

33. Baillon’s Crake

Baillon s crake

Baillon’s crake is a species of small waterbird belonging to the Rallidae family.

It breeds in Europe, mainly eastwards but also stretching across Palearctic regions, and has experienced an upsurge in North-Western breeding areas after its numbers depleted due to drainage during the mid 19th century.

Its preferred habitat consists of sedge beds which provide it with food as well as shelter from predators.

With brown upperparts and white underparts that are marked by dark barring on wings and flanks, Baillon’s Crakes have yellowish eyes along with pale green legs; they measure around 16cm long when fully grown.

Their diet includes insects such as beetles and grasshoppers alongside aquatic invertebrates like snails or ants found near their nesting grounds.Scientific classification:

SpeciesZ. pusilla

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34. Common Quail

Common quail

The Common quail (Coturnix coturnix) is a small ground-nesting game bird of the Phasianidae family. It breeds in western Palearctic and winters in Africa, India and southern parts of Europe.

Its distinctive call consists of three repeated chirps making it easier to identify than see.

They are widespread across their range, preferring grassy habitats with plenty of cover such as meadows, fields or pastures near water sources like streams or marshes for easy access to food and protection from predators.

With its strong flying ability they migrate long distances over vast areas during different seasons looking for suitable habitats throughout the year.Scientific classification:

SpeciesC. coturnix

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35. Ferruginous Duck

Ferruginous duck

The Ferruginous duck, also called the Ferruginous pochard, is a diving duck found in Eurosiberia.

Its scientific name comes from the Greek word “aithuia” meaning unidentified seabird and the Russian word “nyrok” for duck.

The male duck has a dark chestnut plumage on its head and breast during breeding season. This medium-sized bird is commonly known as the common white-eye or white-eyed pochard.

This bird is known for its diving ability to search for food and can stay underwater for up to 30 seconds.

The Ferruginous duck is considered vulnerable due to habitat loss and hunting, and conservation efforts are being made to protect the species.Scientific classification:

SpeciesA. nyroca

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36. Eurasian Woodcock

Eurasian woodcock

The Eurasian woodcock is a small wading bird that can be found in temperate and subarctic areas of Eurasia.

This bird is perfectly adapted to its woodland habitat with its cryptic camouflage of reddish-brown upperparts and buff-coloured underparts.

The woodcock has amazing eyesight, as its eyes are set far back on its head to give it 360-degree vision.

With its long, sensitive bill, the woodcock probes in the ground for food, making it vulnerable to cold weather. Generally, woodcocks feed on earthworms and small insects.

Despite their hunting and feeding behaviors, woodcocks are very peaceful birds. They are also shy and like to hide from people.

During mating season, woodcocks perform courtship flights at twilight or night. These courtship flights begin and end in the same spot, and are accompanied by a nasal “peenting” call.

Overall, the Eurasian woodcock is an interesting bird, well-adapted to life in the forest.Scientific classification:

SpeciesS. rusticola

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37. Sittidae

The Sittidae bird family is also known as the nuthatch family. These birds are small in size and have short tails. They are found all around the world, except for Australia, Africa and South America.

The bill of the Sittidae bird is a powerful tool, which is used to find insects and other small prey. They are unique in their ability to climb down trees, using their strong legs and claws, to search for food.

Sittidae birds are generally solitary and territorial birds, but they can form long-term partnerships with a mate.

They build their nests in tree cavities or crevices, and usually lay four to nine eggs. The male and female will both incubate the eggs and take turns feeding their chicks.

Sittidae birds are known for their distinctive calls, and some species have been observed using tools to obtain food.

They have also been known to cache their food for later consumption. Sittidae birds are important members of the forest ecosystem, as they help control insect populations and distribute seeds.

38. Rosy Starling

Rosy starling

The Rosy Starling, also known as the Rose-coloured Starling or Rose-coloured Pastor, is a passerine bird that belongs to the starling family. It has recently been placed in its own genus, Pastor, and separated from Sturnus.

The bird got its name due to its rosy pink plumage. The Rosy Starling is a monotypic species, and its relationship with other related species is still under study.

The bird’s scientific name is Pastor roseus. In India, it is known as Gulabi Myna.

The Rosy Starling is native to East and Central Asia, and it has a wide distribution range that extends from Russia to India. It typically feeds on insects and seeds and can be found in fields, grasslands, and agricultural areas.

The Rosy Starling is a migratory bird that breeds in Europe and Asia and winters in South and Southeast Asia.

During breeding season, it can be seen in large flocks that build communal nests for breeding. The Rosy Starling is a beautiful bird that is widely appreciated for its striking appearance and pleasant song.Scientific classification:

GenusPastor Temminck, 1815
SpeciesP. roseus

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