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49 Most Common Lithuanian Birds

Lithuania is a country situated in Northern Europe, known for its beautiful landscapes and rich wildlife. The country is home to a diverse variety of bird species, with over 350 species recorded in Lithuania’s territory.

Lithuanian birdlife is characterized by the presence of migratory species, as well as numerous rare and endangered birds. Lithuanian birds are an essential part of the country’s natural heritage and play a crucial role in maintaining the ecological balance of the region.

This article provides an overview of the most notable bird species found in Lithuania, their characteristics, and their importance to the country’s ecosystem.

1. Sandgrouse


Sandgrouse is birds of the order Pterocliformes, found mainly in Africa and Asia. There are sixteen species belonging to two genera – Syrrhaptes from central Asia and Pterocles from Africa and other Asian countries.

They inhabit treeless areas such as deserts, steppes, scrubland, or savannas and tend to be ground-dwelling birds that feed on seeds.

Sandgrouse has adapted special features for survival in their harsh environment.

They possess well-developed feet with four toes used for walking over hot sand while keeping their body temperature cool at all times by regulating heat loss through their legs.

Their feathers also act like a sponge helping them absorb water before flying long distances back home where they then expel it using specialized glandular secretions located near the wings so that chicks can drink directly from an adult’s breast plumage.Scientific classification:

OrderPterocliformes Huxley, 1868
FamilyPteroclidae Bonaparte, 1831

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2. Plovers


Plovers are a family of around 64-68 species of ground-dwelling birds, commonly found in open country such as fields, meadows and tundras.

They have short bills with webbed feet to help them forage through mud or shallow water.

Plover plumage is usually mottled brown though some species may have brighter colors on the head and wings.

These birds feed mainly on insects but can also eat small crustaceans and worms.

Plovers breed during springtime when they dig holes in sandy or pebbled beaches to lay their eggs which hatch after about 3 weeks incubation period.

They use distraction display behaviour by pretending an injury to the predators away from their nests if needed for protecting their young ones.Scientific classification:

FamilyCharadriidae Leach, 1820

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3. Stilts And Avocets

Stilts and avocets

Stilts and avocets are two distinct groups of birds belonging to the family Recurvirostridae. They range in length from 30-46 cm (12-18 inches) and weigh between 140 – 435 g (4.9 – 15.3 ounces).

Males usually have slightly larger bodies than females, with long thin legs, necks and bills.

Avocet bills curve upwards uniquely while stilt beaks remain straight most times.

These wading birds live mainly near shorelines or wetlands where they feed on aquatic invertebrates like brine shrimp, insects etc., occasionally supplementing their diet with seeds or small fish too.

Stilts also inhabit open fields in search of food sources such as earthworms or grasshoppers during the non-breeding season.

Both groups migrate over large distances for warmer weathers when it gets cold outside.Scientific classification:

FamilyRecurvirostridae Bonaparte, 1854

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4. Glareolidae


Glareolidae is a family of wading birds, consisting of four genera and 17 species. They are distinguished from other charadrii by their long bills which have a slight downward curve.

Glareolidae live around open grasslands and deserts, where they hunt for insects using the bill to probe into soil or vegetation.

Most species are found in Africa but two pratincoles inhabit parts of Europe and Asia as well.

Coursers tend to be larger than pratincoles with longer legs allowing them to run quickly across sandy dunes while feeding on small animals like lizards or spiders.

Pratincoles feed mainly on flying insects, snatching them out of midair with great agility during flight.

All glareolids share unique features such as large eyes that help it spot prey at night easily making this group one interesting bird family.Scientific classification:

FamilyGlareolidae CL Brehm, 1831

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5. Bustard


Bustards are large, terrestrial birds that inhabit dry grassland areas and the steppes of the Old World. They range from 40-150 cm in length and belong to the family Otididae.

Bustards have an omnivorous diet consisting of leaves, buds, seeds, fruit as well as small vertebrates and invertebrates.

These birds usually live a solitary life but can be seen gathering around water sources or food during certain times of year such as mating season.

Due to their large size they are vulnerable to predation by foxes or other animals which is why they tend to remain alert at all times.

When in open spaces while relying on camouflage for protection against predators when out in tall vegetation coverings.Scientific classification:

OrderOtidiformes Wagler, 1830
FamilyOtididae Rafinesque, 1815

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6. Thrush


Thrushes are small to medium-sized birds belonging to the Turdidae family, and found all over the world. They live on or near the ground and feed on insects, other invertebrates and fruit.

Their feathers range from greyish browns to deep blues in colour with spotted wings that help them blend into their natural habitats such as forests, woodlands and shrubs.

Thrushes have distinctive songs which they sing during spring mating season; many species also perform complex flight displays for courtship rituals.

These birds may be solitary creatures but can often be seen foraging together in groups or pairs when searching for food sources like worms, snails or berries.

A healthy thrush population is an indication of a balanced environment since they require clean water sources as well as plenty of vegetation cover – making them important indicators of ecosystem health worldwide.Scientific classification:

FamilyTurdidae Rafinesque, 1815

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7. Northern Storm Petrels

Northern storm petrels

Northern storm petrels are one of the smallest seabirds, inhabiting oceans all over the world.

They have a unique ability to hover over water and pick planktonic crustaceans and small fish from the surface.

Northern storm petrels belong to the genus Hydrobates in family Hydrobatidae, part of Procellariiformes order.

This species was once lumped with austral storm petrel but recent studies show that they weren’t related closely which led them being split into two distinct species now.

These birds can be identified by their dark grey upperparts and wings along with white underparts when seen from afar while feeding on ocean’s surface.Scientific classification:

FamilyHydrobatidae Mathews, 1912
GenusHydrobates F. Boie, 1822

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8. Stone-Curlew


Stone-curlews, also known as dikkops or thick-knees, are a family of birds that have adapted to live in tropical and temperate regions throughout the world.

They can be found in Africa, Asia and Australia with two or more species per region. Despite being classified as waders, most prefer dry arid habitats over moist wetlands.

Stone-curlews typically have long legs which help them navigate through their preferred terrain efficiently; some species even stand at an impressive height when standing on those long legs.

Additionally they feature cryptic plumage which helps them blend into their surroundings while hunting for prey such as insects and small mammals like rodents.

These unique bird’s calls are easily recognizable; it has been said that hearing one is similar to listening to someone whistling ‘Keee Weee’.Scientific classification:

FamilyBurhinidae Mathews, 1912

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9. Bee-Eater


Bee-eaters are one of the most beautiful and vibrant birds in existence. They have a slender body, long wings, down turned bills and their signature elongated central tail feathers which make them instantly recognizable from afar.

Their plumage is incredibly colorful with many shades ranging from blues to greens to reds that glisten when they fly through the air.

These stunning creatures can be found all over Africa, Asia, Southern Europe, Australia and New Guinea where they feed mainly on bees but also other insects like flies or wasps as well as small mammals such as lizards or rodents.

Bee-eaters live in colonies near rivers or wetlands so that they may easily hunt for food while staying close together for safety purposes.

 Additionally it allows them to better display their impressive courtship dances during mating season.Scientific classification:

FamilyMeropidae Rafinesque, 1815

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10. Aquatic Warbler

Aquatic warbler

The Aquatic Warbler is a species of Old World warbler that can be found breeding in temperate eastern Europe and western Asia. It has an estimated population of 11,000-15,000 pairs.

This bird migrates during winter to west Africa where it spends its time until the spring months when it returns for the summer season.

Its exact whereabouts were unknown for many years but researchers eventually located them at Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary near Mauritania on the edge of the Sahara Desert.

They prefer wetland habitats such as marshes with dense reed beds which offer a suitable environment to nest and feed their young successfully each year.

With conservation efforts this species will hopefully continue to thrive in its natural habitat over coming years.Scientific classification:

SpeciesA. paludicola

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11. Old World Flycatchers

Old world flycatchers

The Old World Flycatcher is a family of small passerine birds, native to Europe, Africa and Asia. They are mainly insectivorous arboreal birds that feed on insects they catch in the air or trees.

Their wingspan ranges from 5-11 inches long with males usually being slightly larger than females.

The coloration of these birds can range greatly depending on species but typically have dull greyish brown upperparts and pale undersides which help them blend into their environment for hunting purposes.

Bluethroat (Luscinia svecica) and Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe) are two exceptions as they can be found in North America too.

These charming little creatures make fun additions to birdwatching lists all over the world because of their vibrant colors and interesting behaviors.Scientific classification:

FamilyMuscicapidae Fleming J., 1822

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12. Shrike


Shrikes are small passerine birds of the family Laniidae, with 34 species in four genera. They get their name from Old English word “scrīc”, which refers to their shriek-like call.

These birds have earned the nickname ‘butcherbirds’ due to their feeding habits; they impale prey on thorns or barbed wire fences for later consumption.

Shrikes also tend to be aggressive predators and hunt a wide range of animals such as insects, small reptiles, rodents and even other smaller bird species.

In terms of physical appearance, these songbirds can vary greatly depending on the specific genus but usually boast a large hooked bill atop an impressive crest along with bright colors like gray, black or brownish hues across its feathers.

It’s clear shrike is quite remarkable creature that has gained notoriety for both hunting prowess and distinctive vocalizations.Scientific classification:

FamilyLaniidae Rafinesque, 1815

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13. Old World Orioles

Old World orioles

Old World orioles are a family of passerine birds found in the Old World. It comprises four genera: piopios, figbirds, pitohuis and the original genus Oriolus.

The African black-headed species have sometimes been removed from this latter group due to their distinct characteristics as well as other proposed splits for Oriolus.

These colorful birds can be identified by their bright yellow or orange plumage that often features darker markings on wings and head areas, although some species may also display a blue hue or stripes across the body feathers.

They typically feed on insects such as caterpillars and grasshoppers but will supplement with small fruits when available too – making them beneficial additions to gardens.Scientific classification:

FamilyOriolidae Vigors, 1825

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14. Eurasian Reed Warbler

Eurasian reed warbler

The Eurasian reed warbler (Acrocephalus scirpaceus) is a species of Old World Warbler native to the temperate parts of Europe and Asia.

It breeds in wetlands such as marshes, ponds and rivers with dense vegetation like reeds or tall grasses.

During its wintering season, it migrates southward to sub-Saharan Africa where there are milder conditions.

This small bird has streaked brown plumage on the upperparts and white underparts which makes it difficult for predators to spot among the foliage.

Its diet consists mainly of insects including aphids, caterpillars larvae and moths caught while flying over water or by gleaning from plants growing near water bodies.

The male sings an attractive song consisting of several phrases repeated one after another as part of their courtship display during breeding season in order attract females for mating purposes.Scientific classification:

SpeciesA. scirpaceus

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15. European Roller

European roller

The European roller is a beautiful bird belonging to the Coracias family, and it’s the only one of its kind found in Europe.

It inhabits various habitats such as dry wooded savanna, bushy plains and other areas except for treeless ones.

During wintertime they usually nest in tree holes, while their range extends into Middle East, Central Asia and Maghreb regions.

They have vibrant blue feathers with black stripes along the neck area which makes them stand out from other birds easily.

Its diet consists mainly of insects like grasshoppers or beetles that are hunted by catching them mid-air during flight; this feature adds an extra charm to these magnificent creatures.Scientific classification:

SpeciesC. garrulus

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16. Great Spotted Woodpecker

Great spotted woodpecker

The Great Spotted Woodpecker is a fascinating bird. It has black and white feathers, with red patches on its lower belly and head or neck depending on whether it’s male or young.

This species inhabits most of the Palearctic region as well as some parts of North Africa.

For much of its range, it remains in one place all year round but may migrate if food sources become limited further north.

Its diet consists mainly of insects found under tree bark along with small amounts of seeds and fruit when available.

Despite being quite vocal they are hard to spot due to their camouflaged feathers which helps protect them from predators like cats and birds-of-prey.Scientific classification:

SpeciesD. major

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17. White Stork

White stork

The White Stork is a majestic bird found in Europe, with white plumage and black wings. It has long slender legs and beaks that are usually bright red in color.

The average adult stands around 100 – 115 cm tall from beak to tail tip, while its wing span can reach up to 155-215 cm wide. There are two subspecies of the White Stork which differ slightly by size.

They feed on small animals such as frogs, fish or insects and nest near human dwellings due to the abundance of food available there; they also build nests atop chimneys or roofs when given the chance.

These birds have been revered for centuries as symbols of fertility because their return each spring often coincides with an increase in births among humans living nearby – something superstitious people take great note of.Scientific classification:

SpeciesC. ciconia

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18. Tawny Owl

Tawny owl

The Tawny Owl is a stunning bird found in woodlands throughout Europe to western Siberia. It has seven recognized subspecies, each with its own subtle differences.

This stocky owl usually has pale underparts with dark streaks and either brown or gray upper feathers. They build their nests high up in tree holes and are very territorial when it comes to protecting them.

During the day they roost quietly among branches of trees but become quite active at night as they hunt small mammals like mice and shrews using their extraordinary hearing skills.

The tawny owl’s call can be heard echoing through forests on still nights making it one of the most recognizable owls around.Scientific classification:

SpeciesS. aluco

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19. Northern Goshawk

Northern goshawk

The Northern Goshawk is a medium-large bird of prey belonging to the Accipitridae family. It has been known as one of the true hawks, with “Accipiter” meaning hawk in Latin and “gentilis” referring to its noble characteristics.

They are found worldwide, most commonly in wooded areas such as forests or thickets where they hunt small birds and mammals.

The males have spotted grey upperparts while females tend to be fully brown above with some lighter barring on their underparts.

These raptors rely heavily on speed and agility when hunting from either perches or during aerial dives at high speeds for their prey which makes them formidable predators that can reach up to 40 mph.Scientific classification:

SpeciesA. gentilis

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20. Eurasian Curlew

Eurasian curlew

The Eurasian curlew is a wader bird belonging to the Scolopacidae family. It has an incredibly wide range, breeding across temperate Europe and Asia. This species can be easily identified by its long, curved bill and distinctive white underparts.

The male’s head typically appears striped while the female’s tends to be mottled brown in coloration with dark streaks on her neck and breast feathers.

With wingspans of almost two feet, these birds are quite large compared to other members of their genus.

Despite being so widespread they remain vulnerable due to ongoing habitat loss or degradation as well as hunting practices along migration routes or during wintering grounds visits.Scientific classification:

SpeciesN. arquata

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21. Bearded Reedling

Bearded reedling

The Bearded Reedling is a small passerine bird found in reed-beds across Europe, Asia and North Africa.

It is easily identified by its distinct black and white plumage with males having yellow faces.

This species belongs to the only family of birds known as Panuridae and was first described by Carl Linnaeus back in 1758.

They feed on insects such as beetles, flies, moths among others but also consume seeds from plants like sedges or rushes during winter months when food availability decreases significantly.

These birds are territorial meaning that they have their own area where they live which can vary from 8 to 12 hectares depending on the seasonality of insect abundance within these areas making them an important part for maintaining healthy ecosystems in wetlands around their range.Scientific classification:

FamilyPanuridae Des Murs, 1860
GenusPanurus Koch, 1816
SpeciesP. biarmicus

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22. Eurasian Bullfinch

Eurasian bullfinch

The Eurasian Bullfinch is a small bird found in the finch family, Fringillidae. It has an unmistakable appearance with its plump body and bright pink chest.

Its head is grayish-brown while its wings are black with white edging along the tips of some feathers. The tail is also black tipped with white or yellowish edges.

They inhabit open woodlands and gardens throughout Europe, North Africa, parts of Asia and western Siberia in search of food such as berries, buds or insects which they feed on during winter months when other sources become scarce.

These birds form monogamous pairs to breed each year between March through August where both parents incubate their eggs during this time until hatching around mid-May.

Usually producing two broods per season if conditions are favorable for nesting success.Scientific classification:

SpeciesP. pyrrhula

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23. Lesser Spotted Woodpecker

Lesser spotted woodpecker

The Lesser Spotted Woodpecker (Dryobates minor) is a small, attractive bird belonging to the woodpecker family Picidae.

It is found in much of Europe and parts of Asia.

The species was previously classified under the genus Dendrocopos but has now been reassigned to Dryobates.

This beautiful little bird is characterized by its brown body with black wings, tail and head.

Its belly and throat are white while there are red patches on both sides of its neck-collar region. In addition, it also possesses yellowish stripes near its eyes that make it look quite smart.

The lesser spotted woodpeckers feed mainly on insects such as ants and beetles which they find beneath tree bark or among dead leaves.

They can be seen foraging alone or in pairs since they prefer living an isolated life away from human settlements.

Thus if you ever wish to spot one remember not to disturb them during their search for food else you might miss out this amazing opportunity.Scientific classification:

SpeciesD. minor

24. White-Tailed Eagle

White-tailed eagle

The white-tailed eagle is an impressive species of sea eagle found across temperate Eurasia. This majestic bird belongs to the family Accipitridae, which includes hawks, kites and harriers.

It has a wingspan of up to 2.5 meters and can weigh 4 kilograms or more.

The plumage varies in colour from dark brown above with paler head and neck while its tail is pure white – hence it’s name.

They feed mainly on fish but will also take small mammals, birds and carrion when available.

White-tailed eagles are solitary by nature but form pairs during nesting season typically near bodies of water such as lakes or coasts where they build large stick nests on trees or cliffsides for their young ones to hatch safely in peace.Scientific classification:

SpeciesH. albicilla

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25. Black-Necked Grebe

Black-necked grebe

The Black-necked Grebe is a beautiful water bird belonging to the grebe family. It has an ochre coloured plumage with distinctive features which include extending behind its eyes and over its ear coverts.

The upper parts of this species are black, while their underparts and neck are white in colour.

During breeding season, males develop a dark grey crown on top of their head along with bright yellow facial stripes that run from the beak down to it’s chest area.

These birds feed mainly by diving underwater for insects, crustaceans, larvae, molluscs as well as small fish that they find in shallow waters or wetlands near freshwater lakes or streams.

They can often be spotted swimming alone but during winter months gather together creating large flocks due to mating activity taking place at these times.Scientific classification:

SpeciesP. nigricollis

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26. Mute Swan

Mute swan

The Mute Swan is a species of swan belonging to the waterfowl family Anatidae. It can be found in much of Eurosiberia, as well as North America, Australasia and southern Africa where it has been introduced.

The ‘mute’ part of its name comes from its soft call which is more muffled than that of other swans.

They have an almost entirely white plumage with black legs and feet and an orange bill with a distinctive knob at the base.

These striking birds are large in size reaching up to 1 metre tall when fully grown with wingspans reaching 3 metres or more.

In flight they hold their necks arched gracefully above their body while beating powerful wings slowly through the air – creating quite a spectacle.Scientific classification:

SpeciesC. olor

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27. Western Capercaillie

Western capercaillie

The Western Capercaillie is the largest bird among all grouse species. It has a wingspan of around 2 to 3 feet and can weigh up to 16 pounds. Its body is covered in rich, dark brown feathers which have light speckles throughout them.

This beautiful bird inhabits parts of Europe and the Palearctic region where it feeds on berries, seeds and buds from trees like birch and pine.

In winter months they’ll also eat mushrooms when available too. They live in forests with plenty of dense vegetation so that they can hide away from predators when necessary.

During mating season males will perform elaborate courtship displays to attract females – making this one amazing creature indeed.Scientific classification:

SpeciesT. urogallus

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28. Boreal Owl

Boreal owl

The Boreal Owl is a small, nocturnal bird of the Strigidae family commonly found in North America and Europe.

It’s also known as Tengmalm’s owl after Swedish naturalist Peter Gustaf Tengmalm or Richardson’s owl after Sir John Richardson.

The boreal owl has an elusive nature which makes it difficult to observe due to its shyness towards human activity during daylight hours.

Its feathers are dark brown with white spots on the wings, face and throat while its underbelly is light grey/brown with darker streaks along the sides.

They have long talons used for catching prey such as mice, voles and other small rodents making them effective hunters at night-time when they become more active seeking food sources away from humans.

Their habitat consists of coniferous forests where they can find shelter among large trees that offer nesting sites high up off of ground level keeping them safe from predators like foxes and coyotes who roam around looking for easy meals near the forest floor.Scientific classification:

SpeciesA. funereus

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29. Eurasian Pygmy Owl

Eurasian pygmy owl

The Eurasian pygmy owl is an adorable, tiny bird species native to the boreal forests of Northern and Central Europe as well as Siberia.

It has a distinct dark reddish-grey brown coloration with spotted sides and half white ring around its neck.

These birds are considered sedentary, meaning that adult populations will remain in their range for most of the year except during seasonal migrations or dispersals.

They prefer coniferous woodland habitats where they can hunt small prey like insects, lizards and rodents from perches located on tree branches or trunks.

During breeding season male pygmy owls have been observed performing aerial displays involving jumps from one branch to another while calling out loudly in order to attract potential mates.Scientific classification:

SpeciesG. passerinum

30. European Bee-Eater

European bee-eater

The European Bee-Eater is a stunningly beautiful bird, boasting an array of bright colors. Its head and neck are light blue with greenish ear coverts and its back is chestnut brown.

The wings have yellow primaries bordered in black, while the rest of the feathers contain hues of pink, russet orange, grayish-blue and olive green.

This species can be found breeding throughout Southern Europe to Central Asia as well as Northern Africa to South Africa where it likes to inhabit open country near rivers or streams with bare banks for nesting purposes.

It migrates during winter months down into tropical areas within both Africa and India but will occasionally overshoot northwards which may result in rare sightings elsewhere on occasion too.Scientific classification:

SpeciesM. apiaster

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31. Eurasian Penduline Tit

Eurasian penduline tit

The Eurasian penduline tit is a passerine bird of the genus Remiz which can be found widely across the western Palearctic.

It migrates to more northern parts in summer, while staying resident in its southern range during winter months.

This species experienced an expansion of its breeding grounds throughout Western Europe between 1980s and 1990s, thus increasing its population significantly.

The Penduline Tit has various striking features like bright yellow underparts with black streaks on sides.

Greyish-brown upper part with white underside and pale eye line along head sides as well as distinctive tail nest made from fibers and mosses hanging from trees or shrubs like a pendulum hence their name ‘Penduline’.

These birds feed mainly on insects but also eat some seeds especially sunflower seeds making them popular garden visitors for many people.Scientific classification:

SpeciesR. pendulinus

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32. Skuas


Skuas are a group of predatory seabirds with seven species, all belonging to the genus Stercorarius.

They are also known as “Jaegers” in North America and their name originates from the Faroese word for Great Skua – skúgvur.

These birds typically inhabit coastal areas or open oceans where they feed on fish, krill and other marine creatures.

Skuas can be distinguished by their pointed wings which help them fly long distances while hunting food.

Their distinctive colouration varies depending on age and habitat but generally includes greyish brown upperparts and white underparts with black streaks along its belly area.

The overall size ranges from 24-40 cm making these one of the larger sea bird species.Scientific classification:

FamilyStercorariidae Gray, 1871
GenusStercorarius Brisson, 1760

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33. Sylviid Warblers

Sylviid warblers

The Sylviid warblers are a family of passerine birds found in Eurasia and Africa. They include the typical warblers as well as babblers that were formerly part of the Old World babbler family.

These birds have slender bodies, pointed wings, long tails and strong legs adapted for ground-dwelling habits like running or hopping along branches.

The male often has bright colors while females are usually duller in coloration with more muted plumage patterns than males.

Some species also show sexual dimorphism where one sex may be larger or smaller than its counterpart; for instance some species may have longer tail feathers on the female side compared to their male counterparts.

Many members of this group feed on insects but some specialize on seeds, fruits, nectar or even frogs.Scientific classification:

FamilySylviidae Leach, 1820

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34. Long-Tailed Tits

Long-tailed tits

Long-tailed tits are a small passerine bird family with long tails compared to their size. They have 13 species in 3 genera, and they mostly live in Eurasia.

These birds love to stay active by foraging for insects among shrubs and trees throughout the day.

During non-breeding season, these birds can be found living together in large flocks of up to 50 individuals.

These playful little creatures make wonderful companions due to their social nature and cheerful personalities.

Their bright plumage also adds a beautiful splash of colour wherever they go.Scientific classification:

FamilyAegithalidae Reichenbach, 1850

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35. Treecreepers


Treecreepers are small passerine birds found in wooded areas of the Northern Hemisphere and sub-Saharan Africa.

They have dull colored plumage, long curved bills, stiff tails and strong feet that help them to climb up tree trunks while searching for food such as insects and spiders.

The two genera Certhia and Salpornis include eleven species which can be identified by their distinct call – a high pitched ‘tsee-tsit’.

Treecreepers build cup shaped nests on trees usually near the base or middle trunk using mosses, lichens, grasses with leaves inside them to provide insulation from cold temperatures.

These birds also use bark crevices during winter months when they shelter in groups together against extreme weather conditions.Scientific classification:

FamilyCerthiidae Leach, 1820

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36. Motacillidae


Motacillidae is a family of small passerine birds consisting of around 70 species. They are found across Europe, Africa, Asia and even Alaska with two migratory breeding species.

The three genera they belong to include wagtails which typically have medium to long tails; longclaws that can only be spotted in the Afrotropics; and pipits which possess the most cosmopolitan distribution worldwide.

These birds feed on insects as well as seeds for their diets and are usually seen in open habitats such grasslands or wetlands where food sources like invertebrates can easily be accessed.

Most Motacillidae species also use mud nests during breeding season making them easy targets for predators so it’s important we protect these beautiful creatures.Scientific classification:

FamilyMotacillidae Horsfield, 1821

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37. Booted Warbler

Booted warbler

The Booted Warbler is an Old World warbler belonging to the tree warbler group.

It breeds in central Russia and western China, migrating south for wintering grounds as far away as Sri Lanka.

These small birds are mainly olive-green on top with a yellowish belly and have white patches above their eyes which give them a distinctive ‘booted’ appearance.

They feed by gleaning insects from foliage or flycatchers from midair during migration times.

Their song is composed of high-pitched trills often sung duet style between mates, making it easy to identify this species in its habitat range.Scientific classification:

SpeciesI. caligata

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38. Eurasian Golden Oriole

Eurasian golden oriole

The Eurasian golden oriole is a beautiful bird belonging to the Old World oriole family of passerine birds that breed in temperate climates of the Northern Hemisphere.

It migrates from Europe and Palearctic during summer season, and spends its winter months in central and southern Africa.

These birds have an impressive range with large populations which appear to be stable or increasing across much of their range due to conservation efforts.

They are mostly found near forests, woodlands, riverbanks and meadows where they feed on fruits as well as insects such as caterpillars, beetles, grasshoppers etc.

The males can easily be identified by their bright yellow plumage while females are more olive coloured.

All in all these stunningly colourful creatures add vibrancy to our environment.Scientific classification:

SpeciesO. oriolus

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39. Rook


Rooks are a species of black-feathered birds found in the Palearctic region from Scandinavia to eastern Siberia. They have distinctive white, featherless areas on their faces and nest communally in tall trees.

Rooks are social creatures that often forage together for food such as insects, earthworms, seeds and small animals like mice or frogs.

They also enjoy bathing regularly in shallow pools of water and dusting themselves off afterwards with dry soil or sand.

In addition to providing protection against parasites when nesting high up in the treetops, rooks will use communal roost sites during winter nights which can contain thousands of individuals all huddled close together.Scientific classification:

SpeciesC. frugilegus

40. Grey-Headed Woodpecker

Grey-headed woodpecker

The Grey-headed Woodpecker is a species of bird found in the Eurasian region, belonging to the family Picidae.

It has distinctive grey feathers on its head and back, making it easily identifiable compared to other woodpeckers.

This species can be seen across large parts of Europe and Central Asia, all the way up into Northern Siberia.

The diet consists mainly of small insects such as ants and beetles which they locate by tapping or drilling holes into tree bark looking for larvae underneath; this behaviour also helps them find nesting cavities within trees for their homes.

They are very social creatures that like to live in groups with many birds from different generations living together at once.Scientific classification:

SpeciesP. canus

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41. Western Marsh Harrier

Western marsh harrier

The Western marsh harrier is a large bird of prey that is found throughout temperate and subtropical regions in western Eurasia and Africa.

It has greyish brown plumage with white patches on the underside, yellow eyes, long legs and wingspan reaching up to 1 meter.

This species mainly feeds on small mammals such as rodents and voles which it catches by swooping down from above while flying over marshes or wetlands.

Nesting usually occurs in tall trees near water bodies where they build their nests made out of sticks lined with grasses or feathers.

The female lays 3-5 eggs during breeding season which hatch after an incubation period of 31 days.

They are known for making loud calls when defending its territory against other birds like buzzards and eaglesScientific classification:

SpeciesC. aeruginosus

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42. Sandpiper


Sandpiper is a type of wading bird that belongs to the family Scolopacidae. It is a diverse family that includes various species such as curlew and snipe.

Sandpipers have different bill lengths that allow them to feed on small invertebrates and creatures found in mud or soil.

Due to this diversity, different species can coexist in the same habitat without competing for food.

Sandpipers are commonly found near the coast but are also found in other wetland environments.

They are known for their slender legs, long beak, and streamlined body that enables them to move easily in and out of water.

Sandpipers are a unique and fascinating bird species that are interesting to observe in their natural habitat.Scientific classification:

FamilyScolopacidae Rafinesque, 1815

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43. Flamingos


Flamingos are a type of water bird that belong to the Phoenicopteriformes group. They are known for their distinctive pink coloring and long, thin legs.

Flamingos are closely related to grebes and are part of the Mirandornithes clade. These birds are well-documented in the fossil record, with some of their extinct relatives dating back millions of years.

In fact, the first known member of the Phoenicopteridae family was a bird called Elornis. Flamingos are known for their unique feeding habits, which involve using their beaks to filter food from the water.

They are also social creatures that typically live in large groups called colonies.

Overall, flamingos are fascinating creatures with a long history on our planet.Scientific classification:

OrderPhoenicopteriformes Fürbringer, 1888

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44. Citrine Wagtail

Citrine wagtail

The citrine wagtail is a petite songbird that belongs to the Motacillidae family. Its yellowish hue, as denoted by its name, adds flashes of brightness to its appearance.

In the early 21st century, there has been much discussion surrounding its systematics, taxonomy, and phylogeny as it forms a cryptic species complex with the eastern and western yellow wagtail.Scientific classification:

SpeciesM. citreola

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45. Waxwing Birds

Waxwing birds

Waxwing birds are small, colorful songbirds that are a delight to observe. They are known for their unique crest of feathers on their heads and can be found throughout North America and Asia.

Waxwings are primarily fruit-eaters, feeding on berries from a variety of trees and shrubs. Their diet also includes insects during the breeding season.

Waxwings often gather in large flocks during the winter, making them a popular sight for bird lovers.

They have a distinctive trilling call and can be identified by their brownish-red coloration and black mask around their eyes.

Waxwings also have a unique habit of passing fruit from one bird to another, which is called “high-stepping.”

Overall, these birds are fascinating creatures to watch and a joy to have in any backyard setting.

46. Great Snipe

Great snipe

The great snipe is a small wading bird found in north-eastern Europe. It prefers habitats with marshes and short vegetation for breeding. This species is migratory and can be found wintering in Africa.

Unfortunately, the European breeding population of great snipes is currently declining. John Latham, an English naturalist, first described this bird in 1787.Scientific classification:

SpeciesG. media

47. Tree Pipit

Tree pipit

The tree pipit is a widely found small passerine bird in Europe and parts of Asia. It is known for its long-distance migration to Africa and southern Asia during winters.

The scientific name, Anthus trivialis, indicates that it is a common bird found in grasslands. It has a distinctive appearance, with streaky brown plumage and a thin bill that is suited for catching insects.

Its melodic song can often be heard during breeding season, as it perches on a high branch or in a tree.

Despite being a common sight in many areas, the tree pipit faces threats from habitat loss and pesticides, making conservation efforts important for the survival of the species.Scientific classification:

SpeciesA. trivialis

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48. Wood Sandpiper

Wood sandpiper

The wood sandpiper is a small wading bird found in Eurasia. It is the smallest of the shanks, which are mid-sized long-legged waders.

The bird’s scientific name is Tringa glareola, with Tringa being a New Latin name given to the green sandpiper and glareola meaning “shining” or “gleaming.” It is a thrush-sized bird with a white-rumped and tail-bobbing appearance.

Aristotle, an Ancient Greek philosopher, mentioned a similar bird that inspired the genus name Tringa.

The wood sandpiper is a migratory species, breeding in northern Europe and Asia and wintering in Africa, southern Asia, and Australia.

It inhabits marshes, wet meadows, and forest edges, feeding on insects, crustaceans, and small fish.

Conservation efforts are needed to ensure the survival of this bird species.Scientific classification:

SpeciesT. glareola

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49. European Honey Buzzard

European honey buzzard

The European honey buzzard is a bird of prey belonging to the Accipitridae family. Contrary to its name, it is not closely related to true buzzards but rather to kites.

The name Pernis apivorus comes from Greek and Latin, meaning a bird of prey that eats bees.

This species can be found throughout Europe, as well as in parts of Asia and Africa, and is mostly known for its unique feeding habits; it primarily feeds on the larvae and nests of bees and wasps.

With a wingspan of up to 150 cm, it is a relatively large bird that is known for its soaring flight and striking plumage, featuring a mix of light and dark feathers.

Despite its classification as a bird of prey, the European honey buzzard is not considered a significant threat to humans or livestock.Scientific classification:

SpeciesP. apivorus

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