Guadeloupe Island is a French overseas territory located in the Caribbean Sea. This island is not only known for its beautiful beaches but also for its stunning biodiversity.
The island offers a unique ecosystem that is suitable for varieties of flora and fauna. In this regard, Guadeloupe Island is home to a variety of bird species that add to the island's charm.
With a mixture of migratory and endemic species, bird watching in Guadeloupe Island is a popular activity for locals and tourists alike.
In this article, we will explore some of the bird species that can be seen on this island, their habitats, and their importance in the ecosystem.
Plovers are a family of around 64-68 species of ground-dwelling birds, commonly found in open country such as fields, meadows and tundras.
They have short bills with webbed feet to help them forage through mud or shallow water.
Plover plumage is usually mottled brown though some species may have brighter colors on the head and wings.
These birds feed mainly on insects but can also eat small crustaceans and worms.
Plovers breed during springtime when they dig holes in sandy or pebbled beaches to lay their eggs which hatch after about 3 weeks incubation period.
They use distraction display behaviour by pretending an injury to the predators away from their nests if needed for protecting their young ones.Scientific classification:
|Family||Charadriidae Leach, 1820|
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2. Stilts and avocets
Stilts and avocets are two distinct groups of birds belonging to the family Recurvirostridae. They range in length from 30-46 cm (12-18 inches) and weigh between 140 - 435 g (4.9 - 15.3 ounces).
Males usually have slightly larger bodies than females, with long thin legs, necks and bills.
Avocet bills curve upwards uniquely while stilt beaks remain straight most times.
These wading birds live mainly near shorelines or wetlands where they feed on aquatic invertebrates like brine shrimp, insects etc., occasionally supplementing their diet with seeds or small fish too.
Stilts also inhabit open fields in search of food sources such as earthworms or grasshoppers during the non-breeding season.
Both groups migrate over large distances for warmer weathers when it gets cold outside.Scientific classification:
|Family||Recurvirostridae Bonaparte, 1854|
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Glareolidae is a family of wading birds, consisting of four genera and 17 species. They are distinguished from other charadrii by their long bills which have a slight downward curve.
Glareolidae live around open grasslands and deserts, where they hunt for insects using the bill to probe into soil or vegetation.
Most species are found in Africa but two pratincoles inhabit parts of Europe and Asia as well.
Coursers tend to be larger than pratincoles with longer legs allowing them to run quickly across sandy dunes while feeding on small animals like lizards or spiders.
Pratincoles feed mainly on flying insects, snatching them out of midair with great agility during flight.
All glareolids share unique features such as large eyes that help it spot prey at night easily making this group one interesting bird family.Scientific classification:
|Family||Glareolidae CL Brehm, 1831|
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4. Red-billed tropicbird
The Red-billed Tropicbird is a beautiful seabird found in tropical oceans. It has mainly white plumage, with black markings on its wings and back, along with a black mask and red bill.
These birds have distinctive long tail streamers that are twice their body length which they use to help them soar above the ocean surface while searching for food.
They primarily feed off squid, fish and crustaceans that inhabit coral reefs or deep sea areas where they can dive up to 30 meters below the water's surface.
The Red-billed Tropicbird was once thought of as an omen of bad luck but now it serves as a reminder of how delicate our marine ecosystems are when faced with human activity such as overfishing.Scientific classification:
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The Tanagers are a beautiful and diverse family of birds native to the Neotropical region. They boast an impressive array of colors, including blues, greens, yellows and reds.
The most common type is the fruit-eating tanager that can be found in tropical forests across Latin America. With nearly 240 species worldwide, they represent almost 4% of all avian species.
These vibrant birds have adapted well to their environment due to their strong bills used for cracking open hard fruits as well as sharp claws for gripping branches while feeding or perching.
As with many other bird families there is natural variation among populations making each one unique in its own way; something that makes them even more special.Scientific classification:
|Family||Thraupidae Cabanis, 1847|
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6. Northern storm petrels
Northern storm petrels are one of the smallest seabirds, inhabiting oceans all over the world.
They have a unique ability to hover over water and pick planktonic crustaceans and small fish from the surface.
Northern storm petrels belong to the genus Hydrobates in family Hydrobatidae, part of Procellariiformes order.
This species was once lumped with austral storm petrel but recent studies show that they weren't related closely which led them being split into two distinct species now.
These birds can be identified by their dark grey upperparts and wings along with white underparts when seen from afar while feeding on ocean's surface.Scientific classification:
|Family||Hydrobatidae Mathews, 1912|
|Genus||Hydrobates F. Boie, 1822|
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7. Collared pratincole
The Collared Pratincole is a small wader bird native to the Old World. It has distinctive long wings that are reddish-brown in color and have white tips, which give it its name.
Its body is mostly dark brown with some lighter spots along its back and sides. The bill of this species is short and pointed, making it a specialist for eating insects from mudflats or shallow waters.
During breeding season, they form loud flocks that can be heard from miles away when calling out their distinct song; during non-breeding time they disperse into smaller groups while searching for food sources in drier regions such as grasslands or fields.
This species relies heavily on open habitats where there are plenty of places to hunt for food throughout the year.Scientific classification:
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8. Pied-billed grebe
The Pied-billed Grebe is a water bird found in ponds throughout the Americas. It has earned many nicknames, including American dabchick, rail, and Carolina grebe.
This species of grebe can be recognized by its distinctive bill which is pied or mottled with black and white markings.
Its brownish body is also covered in dark spots as well as having long legs for swimming underwater to catch food such as aquatic insects and crustaceans.
The Pied-billed Grebes are monogamous birds that pair up during breeding season from spring to summer where they build their nests together on vegetation near the shoreline of lakes or slow moving rivers.
These birds are solitary outside of mating season but will form small flocks when migrating south for winter months.Scientific classification:
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9. Magnificent frigatebird
The Magnificent Frigatebird is the largest species of frigatebird, measuring between 89 and 114 cm in length and having a wingspan of 7-8 ft.
It can be found over tropical waters off America from northern Mexico to Peru on the Pacific coast, as well as Florida down south.
Its diet consists mainly of fish they take from other seabirds or snatch directly from the ocean surface while flying low above it.
They also feed on crustaceans and squid when available too.
This impressive bird has an unmistakable silhouette with its long pointed wings, forked tail feathers and male's red gular pouch which inflates during courtship displays.Scientific classification:
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10. Green heron
The Green Heron (Butorides virescens) is a small heron found throughout North and Central America.
It's scientific name comes from Middle English ‘butor’ meaning bittern, combined with the Latin term for its distinctive greenish color - 'virescens'.
For many years it was considered to be part of the same species as the Striated Heron (Butorides striata), commonly referred to as "green-backed herons".
The nominate subspecies inhabits wetlands across much of this range, where they can be spotted stalking about in shallow water looking for fish or frogs on which to feed.
They are fascinating wading birds that have even been known to use tools such as sticks or baited lines when fishing.Scientific classification:
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Procellariidae is a diverse family of seabirds belonging to the bird order Procellariiformes.
These birds are commonly referred to as tubenoses and include fulmarine petrels, gadfly petrels, diving petrels, prions, and shearwaters.
They range in size from the small storm-petrel which measures around 18cm long to the giant albatross which can reach up to 3 meters in length.
Generally found near oceans or coasts where they feed on fish as well as squid and other marine life depending on species.
Many procellariids will also nest inland during breeding season before returning back out at sea for most of their lives.
Their wings have specially adapted feathers that give them incredible gliding abilities allowing them literally fly with minimal effort over vast distances across oceanic regionsScientific classification:
|Family||Procellariidae Leach, 1820|
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Threskiornithidae is a family of large wading birds which includes 36 species. These birds are traditionally divided into two subfamilies - the ibises and the spoonbills.
However, recent genetic analysis has shown that spoonbills actually belong to Old World ibis group, while New World ibises form an early offshoot from this lineage.
Threskiornithidse members have long curved beaks with serrated edges used for catching fish in shallow water or mudflats, as well as other aquatic invertebrates like crustaceans and mollusks.
They also feed on plant matter such as grains and seeds found close to wetlands areas where they live.
This diverse diet makes them important scavengers in their ecosystems, helping maintain healthy populations of native wildlife by controlling insect numbers and dispersing energy-rich seeds throughout wetland habitats.Scientific classification:
|Family||Threskiornithidae Richmond, 1917|
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13. Falcons and caracaras
Falcons and caracaras are birds of prey that belong to the family Falconidae. They have impressive sharp talons, hooked beaks and keen eyesight which makes them excellent hunters.
Falcons can reach speeds up to 200 mph when diving for their prey while caracaras use a combination of running and flying to hunt small mammals such as rabbits or rats.
Both falcons and caracaras live in various areas around the world from grasslands, deserts, forests, wetlands or even urban areas where they nest on cliffs or tall buildings.
The diet mainly consists insects but also includes larger animals like reptiles or other birds which they catch by surprise with fast dives out of the sky.Scientific classification:
|Family||Falconidae Leach, 1820|
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14. Smooth-billed ani
The Smooth-billed Ani is a species of bird in the cuckoo family, native to regions spanning from southern Florida and the Caribbean down through Central America, South America, and parts of Argentina.
They have even been introduced to Galapagos around 1960s where they may be impacting local wildlife due to their aggressive nature.
As its name suggests, these birds have smooth bills which are adapted for feeding on hard fruits or other items such as insects and lizards that it finds while scavenging around trees or ground level vegetation.
They usually form small flocks when out searching for food with males being slightly larger than females.
Overall this adaptable species is found in many habitats across its broad range but does best at low elevation open areas near water sources like marshes or swamps making them easier targets for human disturbance as well.Scientific classification:
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15. American flamingo
The American flamingo is a large species of bird found in the Neotropics. It has bright pink feathers and long legs, making it easily distinguishable from other species of flamingos.
The diet consists mostly of shrimp and small fish but they are also known to eat algae, aquatic insects, mollusks, crustaceans and seeds.
They live around coastal lagoons or salt ponds in colonies with thousands of birds nesting together on mud flats.
Flamingos build nests out of sticks that sit atop their feet as they wade through shallow waters looking for food during low tide periods when these areas become more accessible for feeding purposes.
These birds have an interesting courtship ritual involving neck stretching which looks like a dance to attract mates before breeding season begins in May-June each year leading to chicks hatching during July-August time periodScientific classification:
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16. Glossy ibis
The Glossy Ibis is a water bird that belongs to the family Threskiornithidae. It has an unique bill in the shape of a sickle, which gave it its scientific name - Plegadis falcinellus.
It can be found widely across Europe, Asia and Africa, with scattered nesting sites in warm regions.
Its feathers are black-brown on top and chestnut brown from below; their wings have glossy greenish-purple sheen when seen from afar.
They mainly feed on small insects like grasshoppers, spiders or earthworms as well as crustaceans or amphibians caught while wading through shallow waters.
During breeding season they also consume plant material such as rice grains or corn kernels provided by humans near habitat areas where they nest.Scientific classification:
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17. Tyrant flycatchers
Tyrant flycatchers are a family of birds found in North and South America, containing over 400 species. These birds come in an array of shapes and sizes, with vibrant plumage to match.
Theyï¿½re the most diverse avian family across all countries they inhabit except for the United States and Canada.
Their diet consists mainly of insects but also includes small reptiles or amphibians where available.
The behavior varies between each bird; some prefer open areas while others like dense forests as their habitat ï¿½ many even migrate regularly.
Tyrant Flycatchers have adapted well to human presence thanks to the abundance of food sources that often accompany it ï¿½ such as backyards, parks etc..
All things considered these incredible creatures are truly amazing.Scientific classification:
|Family||Tyrannidae Vigors, 1825|
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Icterids are a family of small to medium-sized, often colorful New World passerine birds. They have black as their predominant plumage color with yellow, orange or red adding vibrancy and life.
Their sizes range greatly in shape and behavior making them unique amongst other bird species.
The name Icterid comes from the Latin word ‘ictericus’ which means jaundiced ones - referring to the prominent yellow coloring found on some of these birds' feathers.
These beautiful creatures can be seen flying around many different parts of South America where they live with their young for most part of the year before migrating northwards during fall season.Scientific classification:
|Family||Icteridae Vigors, 1825|
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Skuas are a group of predatory seabirds with seven species, all belonging to the genus Stercorarius.
They are also known as "Jaegers" in North America and their name originates from the Faroese word for Great Skua - skúgvur.
These birds typically inhabit coastal areas or open oceans where they feed on fish, krill and other marine creatures.
Skuas can be distinguished by their pointed wings which help them fly long distances while hunting food.
Their distinctive colouration varies depending on age and habitat but generally includes greyish brown upperparts and white underparts with black streaks along its belly area.
The overall size ranges from 24-40 cm making these one of the larger sea bird species.Scientific classification:
|Family||Stercorariidae Gray, 1871|
|Genus||Stercorarius Brisson, 1760|
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Vireonidae birds are a family of passerine birds found in the New World, Southeast Asia and other tropical regions.
They have dull plumage with greenish coloration and typically measure between small to medium sizes.
These migratory birds were so named by Latin referring to the female golden oriole or even European greenfinch.
Vireo species can be seen perching on branches while they feed mainly on insects such as caterpillars, beetles, grasshoppers and cicadas among others; some also eat fruits which provide them with essential nutrients for their diet.
As well as being known for their musical chirpings during mating season these colourful little creatures make wonderful additions to any garden.Scientific classification:
|Family||Vireonidae Swainson, 1837|
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21. Austral storm petrels
Austral Storm Petrels are the smallest of seabirds, belonging to the family Oceanitidae and order Procellariiformes.
They have a cosmopolitan distribution across all oceans, with their flight being fluttering and sometimes bat-like in appearance.
These birds feed on planktonic crustaceans as well as small fish that they pick from the surface while hovering over it.
Their plumage is mostly dark grey or blackish brown above; underparts may be white or mottled gray.
The feet vary between species but usually have pale yellow webs and claws which help them move easily through water when searching for food.
Austral storm petrels often make nests on remote islands where these birds can breed safely without any disturbances from humans during their nesting season.Scientific classification:
|Family||Oceanitidae Forbes, 1881|
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Mimid birds are a diverse family of passerines found in the New World. They have an impressive vocal range and many species excel at mimicking other bird songs, as well as noises from their environment.
Mimids can be identified by their flat heads with short crest feathers, long tails, large eyes and strong legs for hopping between branches.
These birds typically inhabit open woodlands or scrubland areas where they feed on insects such as beetles, caterpillars and grasshoppers.
Some species also supplement their diet with fruits or grains when available. While most do not migrate far during winter months some may undertake longer migrations to warmer climates if necessary to survive cold weather spells.
The wide variety of sounds these talented singers produce make them one of nature's great musical performers.Scientific classification:
|Family||Mimidae Bonaparte, 1853|
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23. Antillean euphonia
The Antillean euphonia is a colorful and beautiful bird species found across the Lesser Antilles, Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti) and Puerto Rico.
It belongs to Fringillidae family of finches. This small songbird has strong yellow feathers on its head with blue-green upperparts while they have bright orange breasts and bellies.
Their wings are blackish with white tips, giving them an attractive look when flying in flocks through woodlands or forest edges.
They inhabit subtropical or tropical dry forests as well as moist lowland forests including degraded former ones too.
The populations of this species are declining due to deforestation but still remain common throughout their range if habitats can be preserved for their long term future survival.Scientific classification:
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24. Wilson's storm petrel
Wilson's storm petrel is a small seabird of the Oceanitidae family. A circumpolar species, it can be found in both northern and southern hemispheres during summertime.
It has an abundance population estimated to be around 20 million birds as of 2022 making it one of the most populous bird species on Earth.
This nocturnal creature loves to feed on crustaceans, fish eggs and larval fishes that they catch while flying at night over open waters near coasts or islands.
During daylight hours Wilson’s Storm Petrel will rest in large groups and form colonies with fellow members for protection against predators like gulls and skuas which steal their food supplies if given opportunity.Scientific classification:
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Nightjars are fascinating nocturnal or crepuscular birds belonging to the Caprimulgidae family. These medium-sized birds have long wings, short legs and very small bills.
They can be found across many parts of the world in forests, grasslands and scrubland habitats.
Nightjars feed on insects such as moths, beetles, crickets and cicadas which they catch with their sharp eyesight during night time flights over open fields when hunting for food.
Their scientific name 'Caprimulgidae' is derived from an old folktale that claims these birds suck milk from goats.
In reality though, they are harmless creatures who pose no threat to livestock whatsoever.
Nightjars make a variety of different calls ranging from whistles to chirps all throughout the night - adding further mystery to this amazing species.Scientific classification:
|Order||Caprimulgiformes Ridgway, 1881|
|Family||Caprimulgidae Vigors, 1825|
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26. White-tailed tropicbird
The White-tailed Tropicbird is a beautiful seabird that lives in the tropical waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans.
It is the smallest member of its order Phaethontiformes, measuring only 28 inches from head to tail.
Its wingspan can reach up to 45 inches wide. The bird has white plumage with black markings on its wings and tail feathers.
It also has an unmistakable long streamer which trails out behind them when they are in flight - a characteristic feature for all tropicbirds.
They nest mainly on remote islands throughout their range but have recently begun nesting on Little Tobago as well.
These birds feed primarily off flying fish or squid near the ocean's surface during daylight hours before returning back home at nightfall.Scientific classification:
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27. Masked booby
The Masked Booby is a large seabird belonging to the booby and gannet family. It was first described by French naturalist René-Primevère Lesson in 1831, making it one of six species of boobies within its genus Sula.
It has an impressive aerodynamic body shape with pale grey or white plumage on its head and neck, while the rest of its body is blackish brown.
Its wingspan can reach up to 1 metre wide. The bill is yellowish and pointed at the end, whilst they have bright blue skin around their eyes - this is why they are also known as 'blue-faced' boobies.
They use their strong wings for soaring over oceans in search of fish which makes them excellent fishers who feed mainly on flying fish near tropical waters but can occasionally be found off coasts in temperate regions too.Scientific classification:
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28. White-crowned pigeon
The White-crowned Pigeon is a species of bird belonging to the Columbidae family, widely found in the Caribbean. In the first half of the 18th century it was described as such.
This pigeon has been immortalized by artist John James Audubon through his watercolor painting featured in Birds of America published during early 19th century.
These birds primarily feed on fruits and seeds and have white crowns that make them easily recognizable even from afar.
The beauty of these birds makes them popular amongst birdwatchers all over the world who flock to observe their behavior while they eat or nest.Scientific classification:
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29. Pearly-eyed thrasher
The Pearly-eyed Thrush is a unique and beautiful bird native to the Caribbean islands. It has stunning pearly eyes, with white patches on its wings and tail.
This thrasher measures up to 28-30 cm in length, making it the largest species of Mimidae family found in this area.
With an isolated subspecies living on Bonaire island, these birds have adapted well to their environment over time.
They feed mainly on insects found around them, but will also eat fruits or berries when available for extra nourishment.
These birds are often seen singing together as part of group displays at dawn or dusk - one more reason why they are so special.Scientific classification:
|Genus||Margarops P.L. Sclater, 1859|
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30. Zenaida dove
The Zenaida dove is a species of doves and pigeons found mainly in the Caribbean, but also parts of Mexico, Central America and South America.
With its distinct dark coloring, short rounded tail and an average length of 28-30 cm (11-12 inches), it stands out from other bird families.
It's recognized as the national bird for Anguilla where locals refer to it as 'turtle dove'. They are seen flying around open grasslands or roosting on tree branches close by populated areas.
These birds feed mostly on seeds that they pick off the ground while walking through fields.
The Zenaida Dove breeds all year round producing two broods during spring and summer months with both male and female taking turns incubating eggs over a span of 14 days before hatching into chicks.Scientific classification:
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31. Grassland yellow finch
The Grassland yellow finch is a small passerine bird that belongs to the tanager family, despite its name.
It can be found in tropical South America from Colombia south and eastwards including parts of central Ecuador, Peru and Brazil.
This species typically resides year round though some birds have been known to migrate further north during winter months.
These birds feed mainly on seeds which they forage from grasses while also consuming insects such as beetles or flies when available.
The plumage of this beautiful bird consists of shades ranging from olive-green to yellow with black streaks running along its wings and tail feathers; males may possess brighter colors than females depending on the season.
Overall these stunning little creatures make wonderful additions to any aviary setting.Scientific classification:
32. Caribbean elaenia
The Caribbean elaenia is a species of small bird that can be found in the West Indies and parts of Central America.
It is part of the Tyrannidae family and inhabits tropical dry broadleaf forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, as well as heavily degraded former forest areas.
In 1760, French zoologist Mathurin Jacques Brisson provided an extensive description on this species which has helped us gain further knowledge about it today.
The Caribbean elaenia typically measures around 6-9 inches long with predominantly olive green feathers with yellowish edges to some wings and tails.
They have white throats but lack any distinctive markings on their chest unlike many other birds from its family.
This bird feeds primarily on insects such as grasshoppers collected from trees or bushes while also consuming fruit when available during certain times of year.Scientific classification:
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33. Lesser Antillean bullfinch
The Lesser Antillean Bullfinch is a species of bird found throughout the Caribbean islands. It has greenish-brown feathers, white cheeks and wings with black spots, and red-orange legs.
Its natural habitats include forests, mangroves and shrublands. This small finch feeds mainly on fruits but also eats insects such as caterpillars and moths in addition to nectar from flowers.
They are often seen foraging near flowering trees during the breeding season when they build nests made out of grasses or plant fibers lined with soft downy feathers for their young ones to rest in comfortably.
These birds have adapted well to human presence so can be easily spotted around gardens within cities where they come looking for food scraps left by people.Scientific classification:
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34. Forest thrush
The Forest Thrush is a species of bird in the family Turdidae, found mainly in Central America. It has brown upperparts and pale underparts with scaly patterning on its feathers.
This medium-sized thrush measures 25 to 27 cm long and weighs between 100 to 110 grams.
Its diet consists mainly of fruits, insects, lizards and snails; it also sometimes feeds on small mammals like mice or shrews.
The female lays two eggs which she incubates for around 15 days before they hatch into young chicks who will remain dependent upon their parents until adulthood at around one year old.
These birds are very social creatures living within flocks that can number up to 30 individuals during the breeding season but may reduce down to four members outside of this period.Scientific classification:
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35. Purple-throated carib
The Purple-throated Carib is a species of hummingbird found in the Lesser Antilles islands. It has stunning purple feathers along its throat, making it quite easy to identify amongst other birds.
This bird is usually seen alone or in pairs and can be found near forests and gardens where they feed on nectar from flowers.
The Purple-throated Carib also feeds on insects which helps keep insect populations under control around their habitat areas.
They are known as strong fliers that have been spotted both north and south of the Caribbean Islands showing just how far this resilient species can travel.
Overall, this vibrant little bird adds beautiful colour to any garden with its mesmerising plumage while providing an essential service at controlling bug numbers too.Scientific classification:
36. Lesser Antillean saltator
The Lesser Antillean saltator is a species of songbird found in Dominica, Martinique, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Saint Lucia.
They live mainly in subtropical or tropical dry forests but can also be seen in heavily degraded former forest areas.
These birds have brown upperparts with blackish wings; their underparts are white to pale grey. They possess a thick bill which curves slightly downward at the tip.
Their diet consists mostly of insects such as beetles, flies and grasshoppers along with berries from trees like Miconia robinsoniana and Eugenia spicata that they forage for on the ground or lower branches within the canopy layer of these habitats.
The Lesser Antillean saltator plays an important role in controlling insect populations near its range making it crucial to maintain healthy ecosystems within this region.Scientific classification:
37. Bridled quail-dove
The Bridled Quail-Dove is a species of bird in the Columbidae family, found from Saint Lucia to Puerto Rico. It is monotypic, and it has been suggested that it forms a superspecies with Key West Quail-Doves.
Its mean weight varies between islands; generally being quite small at 93–128 g (3.3–4.5 oz).
They have distinctly barred heads and greyish white underparts with some dark barring on their backs, wings and tails - giving them an overall ‘bridled’ look for which they are named after.
In addition to this striking appearance they make deep cooing sounds whilst perched or hunting for food on the ground – particularly during breeding season when males compete against each other by singing different variations of their call simultaneously.Scientific classification:
38. Scaly-breasted thrasher
The Scaly-breasted Thrasher is a species of bird in the family Mimidae, found throughout much of the Lesser Antilles.
It has five subspecies and is approximately 23 cm long with greyish brown upperparts and black wings marked with white spots.
Its underparts are reddish orange to yellow buff, finely scaled or scalloped with darker edges, giving it its name.
This thrasher feeds mainly on insects but also eats fruits and berries as well as small lizards.
The male performs elaborate courtship displays which include soaring flights high into the air followed by singing from perches at the tops of trees or shrubs during breeding season between February - May period each year .
It typically nests low down in thickets near water sources such as rivers or streams using twigs bound together with spider web silk for nesting material , laying 2 to 3 eggs at one time.
The Scaly-breasted Thrashers are overall common birds that inhabit various habitats including mangroves, rainforests and dry scrublands across their range making them an important part of local ecosystems within their range.Scientific classification:
|Genus||Allenia Cory, 1891|
39. Brown trembler
The Brown Trembler (Cinclocerthia Ruficauda) is a species of bird in the Mimidae family, which includes mockingbirds and thrashers. It can be found on seven Caribbean islands: Saba, St.
Kitts, Nevis, Montserrat, Guadeloupe, Dominica and St. Vincent. This bird has an olive-brown back with white underparts and unique tail feathers that quiver when perched or flying low over vegetation - hence its name.
The International Ornithological Committee recognizes nine subspecies due to slight variations between each island population; however further research is needed as some taxonomists believe there are more distinct populations within this species' range.
Despite limited information about their ecology we do know they primarily feed on fruit from shrubs such as lignum vitae trees while foraging near ground level among tall grasses in open areas like pastures or coastal scrubland habitats.Scientific classification:
40. Guadeloupe woodpecker
The Guadeloupe woodpecker, also known as Tapeur, is a species of bird found only in the Lesser Antilles.
It has an entirely black plumage with red to purple reflections on its stomach that make it stand out from other birds.
This medium-sized forest woodpecker lives primarily in tropical rainforest areas and feeds mainly on insects like ants and beetles but will occasionally eat fruit or nectar too.
The male is slightly larger than the female and can be distinguished by its longer bill which helps them forage more efficiently.
They build their nests at moderate heights inside cavities created in dead trees or branches using mud, mosses, lichens and feathers for insulation purposes.
All these features makes this unique bird a valuable part of our ecosystem.Scientific classification:
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41. Plumbeous warbler
The Plumbeous Warbler is a species of bird found only in Dominica and Guadeloupe. It's small, measuring at around 11 cm long with its head having shades of grey-olive on the back and crown while the breast has yellowish hues.
Its wings are mostly dark brown with white spots near the edges that can be seen when it flies.
This warbler loves to inhabit subtropical or tropical dry forest as well as moist lowland forests foraging among foliage for insects such as caterpillars, spiders, beetles, grasshoppers and more.
As an insectivore diet they also enjoy eating fruits like elderberry shoots occasionally too.
The secretive nature of this beautiful bird means it isn't often seen but if you do spot one consider yourself lucky.Scientific classification:
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42. Yellow-crowned night heron
The Yellow-crowned night heron is a beautiful and unique species of bird native to the Americas. It has distinctive yellow crowns on its head, making it easy to identify among other herons.
These birds are also larger than most other types of herons, reaching up to 70 cm in length and 850 g in weight.
They usually feed on small fish or crustaceans while wading through shallow waters with their long legs.
The yellow-crowned night heron can be found near marshes or lakes during breeding season when they will build nests made from twigs high above the ground for protection against predators like raccoons and foxes.
This majestic bird is an important part of wetland ecosystems as it helps keep populations of smaller aquatic animals balanced by preying upon them.Scientific classification:
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43. Trindade petrel
The Trindade petrel is a species of seabird belonging to the gadfly petrel family. It has an average size of 35-39 cm and wingspan varying between 88-102 cm.
Its plumage can be dark, light or intermediate between the two shades. Two populations were initially thought to belong to this species: one in the south Pacific and another near Trinidad Island off Brazil's Atlantic coast, hence its name ‘Trindade’ petrels.
This bird depends on open ocean for feeding as it primarily feeds on fishes, cephalopods and crustaceans like krill & squids which are found there only.
Unfortunately their population numbers have been declining due to habitat destruction caused by human activities such as overfishing & pollution leading them towards endangerment.Scientific classification:
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44. American bittern
The American Bittern is a solitary, brown wading bird from the heron family. It lives in North America and Central America, breeding in Canada and northern parts of the United States before migrating south to winter on the states surrounding the Gulf Coast as well as Florida's Everglades.
Not only does it blend into its surroundings thanks to its muted coloring but it also has a unique call that helps keep it hidden - an "un-ducklike" booming sound that can travel long distances due to low frequency vibrations.
The bittern spends most of their time alone but during mating season they become more social while gathering together at wetlands for courtship activities such as displaying with feathers erect or head bobbing.Scientific classification:
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45. Atlantic yellow-nosed albatross
The Atlantic yellow-nosed albatross is a large seabird belonging to the albatross family Diomedeidae. It has gray and white plumage, with pale yellow markings around its nose and eyes.
This small mollymawk was once thought to be the same species as Indian Yellow-Nosed Albatross, but now it is recognised as distinct.
Its diet consists of squid, fish eggs and other marine creatures that can be found near the surface of the ocean.
It nests on islands off coastlines in southern Africa and South America during breeding season from October to April each year.
The Atlantic yellow nosed albatrosses are typically solitary birds yet they will congregate at nesting sites for mating purposes or form feeding flocks when food becomes abundant in an area..
They have been classified vulnerable by IUCN due their decreasing population numbers caused by fishing activities which entangle them accidentally into nets.Scientific classification:
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46. Double-crested cormorant
The double-crested cormorant is a majestic bird with an impressive wingspan, found across North America from the Aleutian Islands all the way down to Mexico.
Its black plumage stands out against its bright orange-yellow facial skin and some extended patches of white feathers on each side of its throat.
It measures between 28 - 35 inches in length and has webbed feet that enable it to swim gracefully through rivers and lakes, as well as coastal areas.
These birds are known for their voracious appetite for fish, sometimes diving over 100 ft deep into water looking for food.
Despite this reputation they also feed on crustaceans, amphibians and insects when available.
Cormorants have been part of many cultures throughout history due to their remarkable ability to fly long distances making them valued messengers or companions during fishing expeditions at sea.Scientific classification:
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47. Common nighthawk
The Common Nighthawk is a medium-sized nocturnal bird of the Americas. It has dark grey, black and brown cryptic colouring which makes it difficult to spot during the day.
They are most commonly found in open fields or near water sources such as rivers and lakes with tall grasses and trees for shelter from predators at night.
Its identity can be easily revealed through its vocalization - a loud "peent" sound that they make while flying around looking for food like beetles, moths and other insects.
During mating season their display flight includes steep dives followed by sharp climbs accompanied by their distinctive call making them even easier to identify.Scientific classification:
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48. Brown pelican
The majestic brown pelican is a dive-feeding bird that belongs to the pelican family. It is one of the three pelican species found in the Americas and is known to dive into water to catch its prey.
From the Atlantic Coast of New Jersey to the mouth of the Amazon River, and along the Pacific Coast from British Columbia to northern Chile, including the Galapagos Islands, this bird can be found.
Its scientific name is Pelecanus occidentalis, and it has a colored brown plumage, which is its distinct characteristic.
The brown pelican belongs to the largest bird species that exist today, with a wingspan that can stretch up to seven feet long.
This bird helps maintain a balance in the ecosystem by eating smaller fish, crustaceans, and other aquatic prey.Scientific classification:
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49. Cedar waxwing
The Cedar waxwing, also known as Bombycilla cedrorum, is a medium-sized bird found in North and Central America.
They have a mixture of brown, gray and yellow feathers on their body, and their wings have wax-like tips.
These birds prefer open wooded areas in Southern Canada for breeding, and during winter, they migrate to the Southern part of the United States, Central America, and the far.
The Cedar waxwing is a member of the waxwing family of birds or Bombycillidae family.
They are known for their distinctive crest on their head and a black mask-like area around their eyes.
These birds are social creatures and can often be seen in large flocks, sometimes even intermixing with other bird species.
Their diet consists mainly of fruit and insects, and they are important dispersers of fruit seeds.
The Cedar waxwing bird is a beautiful and fascinating creature to observe in the wild.Scientific classification:
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50. Tricolored heron
The Tricolored heron, also known as Egretta tricolor, is a species of heron found in coastal areas of the Americas. Unlike other types of herons, the Tricolored heron is more solitary and primarily feeds on small fish.
These birds usually breed in swamps and coastal habitats and tend to build their nests in colonies along with other herons. They typically build their nests on platforms.Scientific classification:
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51. Waxwing birds
The Waxwing bird is often recognized for its unique crest of feathers on its head and a black mask around its eyes. These birds are strong fliers and are known to migrate in large flocks during the winter to find food.
They are fruit-eaters and can sometimes be found in gardens or orchards, particularly during berry season. Waxwings are social birds that often communicate with high-pitched calls and can be found in North America, Europe, and Asia.
Their breeding season happens in the summer where they build nests in trees and shrubs using twigs, grass, and moss. Female Waxwings lay 4-6 eggs which hatch within 14-15 days.
These birds are fascinating creatures to watch, especially when they are perched on a tree branch, turning their heads to the side to show-off their masked face.